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  1. 1

    LetterT-S 12.501

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Possibly sent from Alexandria to an unidentified dignitary in Fustat (though Goitein suggests that the sender is in Fustat and the addressee …

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  2. 2

    LetterENA 3788.5

    Letter of recommendation from Yosef ha-[...] b. Seʿadya ha-Bavli addressed to the communities of Sūra(?) and Qaryat Ismāʿīl(?). Written in Hebrew and Judaeo-Arabic. The bearer …

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  3. 3

    LetterT-S Ar.50.133

    Letter formularies or copies in Hebrew. Written on a bifolium. One of them mentions Palermo, Constantinople, Barqa, and apparently Qayrawān as well; also "so-and-so the …

    No Scholarship Records

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  4. 4

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 66/34

    Letter from Dalāl bt. Masʿūd/Seʿadya (a.k.a. Umm Ibrāhīm), in Bilbays, to the dignitary Abū l-Barakāt Yehuda b. Elʿazar ha-Kohen (titled "ha-Sar" and "Sofer ha-Malkhut"). The …

    ‏ ממלוכתהא ‎
    ‏ דלאל בנת מסעוד ‎
    ‏ אם אברהים תלחך ‎
    ‏ …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  5. 5

    LetterT-S 13J20.25

    Letter in which negotiations with pirates for the release of captives are described.

    ‏ . . . . . לו קחה ממנו כמו שלקח קרובך יבקי בן אבירזין ‎ 1
    ‏ . . . . . כי אם מאתים וחמשים זהובים ושלח ולקח אותם ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  6. 6

    LetterT-S Misc.35.28

    Letter describing the wanton destruction of a community and the ransoming of captives. It talks of Palestine (אר‫ץ הצבי‬) and Byzantium (אדום). (Information from CUDL)


    ‎TS LOAN 28 Gil, Palestine, Pt. 2, pp.18-21 Doc. #15 Letter about the distribution of communities in Palestine SH [11-12-87] (P)

    ‎א
    ‏ …

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  7. 7

    LetterENA 1822a.52

    Letter from Sheʾerit to the Jewish community (qahal) of Fustat. His children were taken captive, and the community has only redeemed some of them so …

    ‏ עמי עשו ‎ 1
    ‏ והיה מעשה הצ של וע הצ השקט וב עד על ‎ 2
    ‏ ו…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  8. 8

    Unknown typeT-S 8J17.18

    Document (bifolium) giving details of a collection (pesiqa) for the ransom of prisoners, conducted by Abū l-Surūr b. Ṭarīf and Abū l-Maʿālī in the provincial …

    No Scholarship Records

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  9. 9

    Legal documentDK 324

    Legal document in Judaeo-Arabic. Draft, with extensive corrections. This document is long, rich, and damaged. Dating: Perhaps c.1100, based on the appearance of Yiṣḥaq al-Nafūsī; …

    No Scholarship Records

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  10. 10

    LetterT-S NS 264.15

    Letter from Tripoli or possibly Tyre to the Nagid Mevorakh b. Saʿadya. Dating: 1094–1111, based on Mevorakh's titles. The handwriting resembles that of ʿAmram b. …

    ‏ אדוני [ ‎ 1
    ‏ אדונינו כב[ ‎ 2
    ‏ ישראל ונירם והודם והדרם מבורך הנגיד …

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  11. 11

    Legal documentT-S 10J5.11

    Recto: legal document, in which eight persons, Levi b. Yaʿaqov ha-Levi, Avraham b. Sahlān, Efrayim b. Shemarya, David b. Aharon ha-Levi, Avraham b. Yiṣḥaq, Shelomo …

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  12. 12

    LetterT-S 20.138

    Recto: Family letter in the hand of Shelomo b. Eliyyahu, asking for news of female captives which had been expected to arrive with ships from …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  13. 13

    LetterT-S 24.29

    Recto: Letter from the two congregations of Alexandria (No-Amon), led by the judge Yosef b. Shelomo ha-Kohen, to the Jerusalemite congregation in Fustāt, led by …

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  14. 14

    LetterT-S 16.251

    An epistle from the community of Alexandria to that of Mastuara (in Byzantium). The letter deals with the ransoming of Byzantine Jews taken captive, and …


    ‎(recto)
    ‏ בשמ רחמנא ‎
    ‏ אל [ ] שלום אל עמו יפרש סוכת שלומו אשר בה יחופפו כל חסי בו …

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  15. 15

    LetterENA NS 22.24

    Circular on behalf of a notable from 'Arqa, northern Syria, whose wife and child were held in captivity.


    ‎ENA NS 22, f. 24 ed. Goitein,"Tyre, Tripoli - `Arqa; Geniza documents from the beginnings of the Crusader period", The Jewish Quarterly Re…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  16. 16

    LetterT-S Misc.35.49

    Letter of recommendation written by Avraham b. Yiṣḥaq, 'av bet dinsellekol yisra'el', for Yehoshuaʿ b. Eli and David b. Shemuel.


    ‎TS Misc. Box 35, f. 49, (formerly LOAN 49) ed. Mann, Texts, vol. 1, pp. 352-354, 07-02-90, Y.S. (p) Letter of recommendation written by Abraham b. I…

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  17. 17

    LetterT-S NS J270

    Letter from Ashkelon to Bilbays about the ransom of a captive.


    ‎TS NS J 270, ed. Gil, Palestine, pp.460-461 (Doc. #579), N.H. 10-02-87 (p) Letter from Ashkelon to Bilbays about the ransom of a captive.
    ‏ …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  18. 18

    LetterENA NS I.62

    The distress of 'Eretz Israel's captives.'


    ‎ENA, Uncatalogued 98, ed. S. D. Goitein,"New sources on Eretz Israel in Crusader days", Eretz Israel, 4(1956),pp. 149-150, 12-27-89, N.T. …

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  19. 19

    LetterT-S 10J24.9

    Letter fragment to the congregations of Fustat and in particular to the dayyan Elazar. (Information from Goitein's index cards)

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ אל אצילי אלי הצדק מטע ייי להתפא…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  20. 20

    LetterBL OR 5544.15

    Letter from Yosef [...] and Moshe [...]. In Hebrew. Location: Probably Tripoli, Greece (טראפוליצא = Τριπολιτσά). Dated: Wednesday 8 Tammuz 5510 AM, which is 1750 …

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  21. 21

    LetterT-S 24.65

    Letter from Ṣadoq b. Yoshiyya, in a border town somewhere in the Levant, to the judge Yosef b. Avraham, in Fustat. Dating: probably the beginning …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ לי מדה טוילה מא קראת ליקירנו השופט ‎ 2
    ‏ היקר אטאל אללה בקאה ואדאם תאיידה ‎ 3
    ‏ …

    3 Transcriptions 3 Translations 2 Discussions

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  22. 22

    LetterT-S AS 147.5b

    Letter (draft), appealing to the congregation of Egypt to raise the rest of a ransom for captives (pidyon shevuyyim). (Information from CUDL)

    No Scholarship Records

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S AS 146.3 + DK 242 (alt: XXI)

    Letter draft from the Rabbanite leaders of Fustat/Cairo to the Rabbanite leaders of Ashqelon. Dating: Summer 1099 CE. The letter recounts how the Nagid Mevorakh …

    ‏ א ‎
    ‏ בשמ רח ‎ …

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  24. 24

    LetterT-S 13J24.11

    A letter from Alexandria relating to Jewish prisoners from Byzantium who were brought to Egyptian ports. Detailed summary in Mann, Jews, vol. 1, p. 91. …

    ‏ אל האיש החושק עשות רצון הש[ם] . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ היושבי במרומים למען קרית ש . . . [מר] ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  25. 25

    LetterT-S 10J15.1

    Letter from Yehuda ha-Levi in Toledo to Ḥalfon b. Netanel regarding a collection in the cities of Spain for the ransom of a captive woman. …

    ‏ יא מולאי וסידי גמ[ע אללה ביננא] קריבא עלי אלמרגוב קד אסלת ‎ 1
    ‏ אלשוק פאסע פי ... מא אפסדת ועסי וצ…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  26. 26

    LetterT-S 10J27.2

    Letter fragment from Shelomo b. Yehuda to an unidentified personality in Fustat, ca. 1025. This letter describes a difficult and very brief visit to Jerusalem …

    ‏ .... ‎
    ‏ …

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  27. 27

    LetterENA NS I.62

    Recto: Letter of appeal from a woman who "is among the captives from Palestine." Dating: both Goitein and Gil date this document to the early …


    ‎ENA NS 1, f. 62, ed. Gil, Palestine, Pt. 3, pp.461-462 (Doc. #580), C.B. 10-6-87 (p) Letter from a captive from Palestine requesting the help of the…

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  28. 28

    LetterT-S 8J18.5

    Letter from Yehuda ha-Levi to Ḥalfon b. Netanel concerning the ransom of a captive woman in Toledo, Spain. The amount of money that is needed …

    ‏ יא מולאי וסידי אדאם אללה עזך ורדני הדא אלכתאב מן ענד מרנא ‎ 1
    ‏ ורבנא יהודה בן גיאת מולאי ומעטמך אעזכמא אללה פראית תטיירה ‎ 2
    ‏ אליך לתאנ…

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  29. 29

    LetterHalper 466

    Pledges for ransom of captives. A pledge-drive (pesiqa) for the man from Antioch for the ransom of his children. In four columns divided further into …


    ‎recto, right-hand side
    ‏ בשמ`] רח` פדיון שבוים ‎ 1
    ‏ ....]בש פסיקה אלאנטאכי לאולאדה ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  30. 30

    LetterMoss. IV,37.1

    Letter addressed to Sulaymān the beadle. In Judaeo-Arabic. Regarding fundraising for captives, asking the addressee to take charge of it, and also "to collect something …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  31. 31

    LetterENA NS 47.13

    Letter of recommendation, likely a draft, from Fustat. Dated: 5735 (מעֿשֿהֿ) AM, which is 1614/15 CE. The bearer, Avraham b. Shemuel Ashkenazi, fell into Ottoman …

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  32. 32

    LetterCUL Or.1081 J9

    Letter from a Byzantine silk dyer to the elder al-Najib Ezra in Fustat, detailing that the writer is afflicted by severe agony (al-ʿadhāb al-shadīd) after …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ עבד חצרה מולאי אלשיך אלאגל אלנגיב יעזרהו צור ‎ 2
    ‏ ישראל ינהי…

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  33. 33

    LetterBodl. MS heb. a 3/28

    Large letter from "the two congregations" of Alexandria to the Palestinian community of Fustat, and particularly to Efrayim b. Shemarya, regarding fundraising for the ransom …

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  34. 34

    LetterT-S 10J15.11

    Letter from Nahray b. Nissim in Fustat to Abu al-Faraj Daniel b. Allan ha-Kohen in Alexandria, discussing the problem of the ransom of captives and …

    ‏ [כתאבי] יאסידי ומולאי אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם סלאמתך וסעאדתך ‎ 1
    ‏ ועאפיתך מן מצר ליב כלון מן אב ערפך אללה ואיאנא ברכתה ‎ 2
    ‏ ויזכינא לנחמ…

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  35. 35

    LetterT-S NS 338.12

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. The hand may be identifiable. Dating: Probably 12th or 13th century. This fragment (lower half of recto, upper half of verso) begins …

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  36. 36

    LetterENA NS 2.17

    Letter from Abū Yūsuf, unknown location, to Rabbi Elʿazar (body of the letter) who is likely identical with Abū l-Manṣūr b. al-Muʿallima (address), presumably in …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ בש רח ‎ 1
    ‏ כי אתה תברך צדיק ייי כצנה רצון תעטרנ[ו ‎ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  37. 37

    LetterT-S NS 309.12

    Document that tells the story of Aharon ha-Levi and Ḥalfon, who collected money on behalf of the Rambam (Maimonides) for ransom of captives. They sent …


    ‎TS NS Box 309, f. 12, Goitein, Palestinian Jewry, pp.317-318, C.B. 05-09-88 (p)
    ‏ ]הדיין המ[ופלא נתתי ל…

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  38. 38

    LetterT-S 12.338

    Letter from Yeshu'a ha-Kohen ha-Ḥaver, an official in Alexandria, to Nahray b. Nissim. Yeshu'a writes to raise money to free three Jews held by Italian …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ שלום אבירנו נכבדנו כק מר ור נהראי פאר התלמידים ‎ 1
    ‏ וכתר הנבונים ירבה אלהינו השוכן מרום לנסוח ‎ …

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  39. 39

    LetterT-S 13J9.4

    Letter from Shimʿon b. Shaʾul b. Yisraʾel ha-Ṭulayṭulī, in Jerusalem, to his sister Ballūṭa in Toledo. The writer (a Rabbanite) relays two years of news …

    ‏ בשם רם ונשא ‎ 1
    ‏ כתאבי אליך יאכתי וחביבה קלבי אטאל אללה…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  40. 40

    LetterT-S 10J5.6 + T-S 20.113

    Letter from the Qaraite Jews of Ashqelon to the Qaraites and Rabbanites of Fustat. Dating: Summer 1100 CE. The letter deals with the ransoming of …


    ‎(recto)

    ‎(A) T-S 10J5.6, recto:
    ‏ ויפדם שומר יצחק ויעזרם צור יעקב ויהי למו משגב [. . . . . וימלא] ‎ 1
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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