Legal document: T-S 13J37.6

Legal document T-S 13J37.6



Legal document. Partnership agreement. Dated: May 14, 1238. Written in the hand of Solomon b. Elijah (identified by Goitein), teacher and court scribe. Concerning a partnership in a "kitchen" (maṭbakh), likely a facility engaged in food preparation. The mention of a "division" (that is, of assets) and the statement that "only […] remains" suggests that this may be a partnership settlement and release, or at least this release was not accompanied by a final settlement of all accounts, though the document isn't sufficiently well-preserved for certainty. The partners were Abū al-Riḍā Yaḥyā b. Samuel and al-Makīn b. Shela ha-Levi. The exact date is given in the Islamic calendar (28 Ramadan 635), and is also dated in the Jewish calendar (last ten-day period of Iyar) with the Seleucid year (1549). (Information from Lieberman, "A Partnership Culture," 236)

T-S 13J37.6 1r




Phillip Ackerman-Lieberman, "A Partnership Culture: Jewish Economic and Social Life Seen Through the Legal Documents of the Cairo Geniza" (PhD diss., Princeton University, 2007).


  1. We, whose signature appears at the bottom of th[is document] say […]
  2. and testify that in the last ten-day period of the month of I[yyar of the year one thousand five hundred]
  3. and forty-nine of the Era of Documents, corresponding to the [twenty-eigh]th [day of]
  4. the great month [of Ramaḍān] of the year six hundred and thirty-five of the Hijra, we te[stified…]
  5. Abū al-Riḍā (our) tea(cher) and m(aster) Yaḥyā, the beloved courtier, the Sage and the wise [one … his Excellency,]
  6. Diadem of Beauty, our teacher and master our lord Samuel […]
  7. our lord the Nagid, may the memory of the holy be for a blessing, […]
  8. Shela the beloved Elder, ha-Levi, the honored (who) r(ests in) E(den) […]
  9. The two of them partnered in […]
  10. ninety Fusṭāṭ dinars and […]
  11. the aforementioned Abū al-Riḍā //his family// […]
  12. the distribution (of partnership assets,) and all […] remains […]
  13. the middle ten-day period of the mon[th …]
  14. We did not know of anything other than that […]
  15. that within this period the two of them collab[orated … the] aforementioned [Elder]
  16. al-Makīn in //that which// was connected to […]
  17. The Elder al-Makīn said to him that the part[nership (shirka) …]
  18. in the kitchen. He paid it to his brother […]
  19. he was assured that he would take […]
  20. for some of the years. Then […] proceeded […]
  21. We asked the glorious Elder … […]
  22. between them, we responded to him and [we] wrote […]
  23. from this day forward […]
  24. upon a pen. Everyth[ing is proper and enduring.]
  25. Solomon b. master […]

T-S 13J37.6 1v

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