Legal document: Yevr. III B 634 + T-S 8J32.1 + Bodl. MS heb. f 108/61 + Bodl. MS heb. b 13/48

Legal document Yevr. III B 634 + T-S 8J32.1 + Bodl. MS heb. f 108/61 + Bodl. MS heb. b 13/48

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Marriage contract (ketubba). In the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Dated: Tuesday, 5 Adar II 1437 Seleucid, which is 1126 CE. Groom: Elʿazar b. Shemarya. Bride: Ḥasana bt. Seʿadya ha-Levi the cantor, a divorcee or widow. There is a special clause stipulating that Elʿazar will not remarry his divorcee. Should he violate this condition, he will have to give her a bill of divorce and pay her delayed marriage settlement. ("Note that under the conditions of the contract there was no bar to Elʿazar taking a second wife other than his divorcee. Shortly after this ketubba had been issued a standard monogamy clause whereby the husband undertook not to marry a second wife or to keep a slave girl of whom his wife disapproved was routinely written in Fustat ketubbot.") This marriage contract was torn into 5 pieces apparently upon the divorce of Elʿazar and Ḥasana, of which M. A. Friedman located 3 pieces, and Yiftach Eitan and Oded Zinger located the upper right corner. (Information in part from Friedman, "A Case of Polygyny with David, Abigail, and Ḥasana," Dine Israel X–XI (1981–83). Also discussed in Friedman, "Polygyny in Jewish Tradition and Practice," Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research 49 (1982), 33–68.) Moshe Yagur has discovered that Elʿāzar and Ḥasana subsequently remarried; Bodl. MS heb. b 12/18 is the upper right corner of their new ketubba.

T-S 8J32.1 1r

1r

Transcription

T-S 8J32.1 1v

1v
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