State document: ENA 2385.20 + ENA 2385.21

State document ENA 2385.20 + ENA 2385.21


Two fragments of a Fatimid order/decree to a lower official. Mentions the caliph's estates (probably mentions its overseer). Repurposed as two folios for Hebrew liturgical text. Mentions appearing before the majlis al-khidma of the amīr Sayf al-Mulk Layth al-Dawla wa-Shujāʿuhā. . . the ṣanīʿa of the caliph, the military commander (mutawallī al-ḥarb). It is possible that there is a gap in the text between lines 3 and 4. The official in question could be al-Amīr al-Muẓaffar Sayf al-Mulk Maʿadd l-Mulk Layth al-Dawla ʿAlī b. Ishāq b. al-Sallār, who was the governor of Alexandria during the time of al- Ẓāfir, hence this document could be dated to that period, i.e., post 545/1150. (See al-Maqrīzī, al-ittiʿāz, pg. 196).

ENA 2385.20 verso



Yusuf Umrethwala and Alan Elbaum, unpublished editions (n.p., 2022).

ENA 2385.20

  1. التوجه الى الاعـمال الخيرية وحضور مجلس خدمة الا[مير

  2. النجيب سيف الملك ليث الدولة وشجاعها ذي العزم 


Yusuf Umrethwala and Alan Elbaum, PGP Translations (n.p., 2023).
  1. turning to charitable works (or: the districts of [...]?) and presenting to the majlis al-khidma of the

  2. noble a[mīr] Sayf al-Mulk, the sword of the realm, the lion of the state and its courage, the one of resolve


ENA 2385.21 recto


ENA 2385.21

  1. صنيعة امير المومنين متولي الحرب بها ادام الله عزّه

  2. …………….] المذكورة ولتاخذ

  1. the protégé of the amīr al-muʾminīn, the military commander in it (referring to al-dawla? al-aʿmāl?), may God make his glory eternal,
  2. . . . . the aforementioned, and let him take(?). . . 

ENA 2385.20 recto


ENA 2385.21 verso

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  • ENA 2385.21: Images provided by the Jewish Theological Seminary Library (JTSL)