Legal document: ENA 3960.10

Legal document ENA 3960.10

Input date

In PGP since 2017


ENA 3960.6–10 are five distinct but related Mamlūk-era legal documents in Arabic script, all dated 909 H (1503/04 CE), and involving the same people (e.g., Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad b. al-Khwājā Yūsuf b. al-Ḥājj ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Tājir al-Saffār(?) al-Ḥalabī) and the same witnesses (Aḥmad ʿAbd al-Qādir b. [...] and Ismāʿīl [...]). The document is a deed of sale pertaining to jawārib (stockings) of different colors. The genre of the sale document is an iqrār, i.e., an acknowledgment which is also a sub-genre of with Islamic legal manuals (shurūṭ al-fiqh). It is an iqrār (acknowledgment) of ghubn (defect) and barāʾa, meaning that the buyer acknowledges and accepts any (possible) defects in the object of sale (ghubn) and the seller is ‘innocent’ (hence barāʾa) of any allegation of defect, or effective defect, in the object. (For reference, see Asyuṭī, Jawāhir al-Ūqūd). The style of mentioning the price of the object of sale (jawārib in this case) as 14 dīnārs and its half seven dīnārs is a typical fashion of indicating prices in a sale deed to avoid any errors. The document is dated 18th Rabīʿ al-Awwal 909 H/19th September 1503 CE. The other five documents bear similar clauses with a variation in objects of sale and prices. They are as follows: ENA 3960.6: 66 medins (nuṣf) for 20 red and yellow sufras, ENA 3960.7: 69 medins for 20 red and yellow sufras, ENA 3960.8: 6 dinars and 8 medins for 10 Aleppan shaylas, ENA 3960.9: 14 dinars for 15 black mayzars and 30 sufras, ENA 3960.10: 14 dinars for 100 red and yellow Aleppan …(?)

ENA 3960.10 recto




ENA 3960.10 verso

Image Permissions Statement
  • ENA 3960.10: Images provided by the Jewish Theological Seminary Library (JTSL) CC-Zero / Public Domain