Legal document: ENA NS 19.23

Legal document ENA NS 19.23


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In PGP since 2017


Prenuptial agreement in the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe ha-Levi (dated documents from 1100-1138). It is possible that the agreement reflects special circumstances: the marriage is mentioned in future tense and since there are no betrothal deeds in which the time of marriage is set, it must be assumed that this is a general Prenuptial agreement. However, due to the lacunas in the text it is difficult to ascertain the exact unfolding of events. The condition which forbids the husband to have sexual intercourse (with his wife? With the servant?) is especially intriguing.

ENA NS 19.23 1



Amir Ashur, "Engagement and Betrothal Documents from the Cairo Geniza‎" (in Hebrew) (PhD diss., n.p., 2006).
  1. [...].....עִ
  2. [...].̇צע אלחק [...] עלי חאלהא
  3. [... ת]פרّד בהא לא פִיִ ליל ולא פי נהאר
  4. [...ש]רבהא ללקדח לא גיר והי מסתורה
  5. [...] ישראל פי וקת תקדיסה ונשהד
  6. [...] מן ענדהא פי סאעה אלתקדיס לם
  7. [...] ואלדהא ולא פי מנזלה [...]נתי [...]
  8. [...].תי ולא אפילו פי [...]
  9. [...]ענא מן אמור[...]
  10. [...]אענא מ[...]
  11. [...]ד [...]


ENA NS 19.23 2

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