State document: T-S Misc.22.286

State document T-S Misc.22.286



Petition opening to a vizier of al-Ḥāfiẓ. Dating: 531–33/1137–39. Al-Ḥāfiẓ had three viziers: the general Yānis (for nine months in 526/1132), Bahrām (529–31/1135–37 and Riḍwān (531–33/1137–39) (see Ibn Muyassar, Akhbār Miṣr, 117–31, Ibn Ẓāfir, Akhbār al-duwal al-munqaṭiʿa, 98–99). Khan believes the vizier addressed in the petition is likely Riḍwān ibn Walakhshī because the titles correspond to the ones bestowed on him by al-Ḥāfiẓ in a document copied by al-Qalqashandī (Ṣubḥ VIII, 345): al-sayyid al-ajall al-afḍal amīr al-juyūsh sayf al-islām nāṣir al-ānām kāfil quḍāt al-muslimīn wa-hādī duʿāt al-muʾminīn. The title of Bahrām, attested in no. 5 of Stern’s corpus of Fāṭimid decrees, was al-sayyid al-ajall amīr al-juyūsh sayf al-islām nāṣir al-imām ghiyāṯ al-ānām. The phrases kāfil quḍāt al-muslimīn wa-hādī duʿāt al-muʾminīn were omitted from his titulature, probably because he was Christian. The titulature of the ephemeral Yānis was no doubt similar. Al-Maqrīzī (Ḵiṭāṭ II, 16) records his title as amīr al-juyūsh sayf al-islām. Ibn Muyassar (Aḵbār Miṣr, 117) and Ibn al-Qalānisī (Dhayl tārīkh Dimashq, 229) describe him as amīr al-juyūsh. On verso there is a Hebrew liturgical text. (Information from Khan.)

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Geoffrey Khan, Arabic Legal and Administrative Documents in the Cambridge Genizah Collections (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).


  1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

  2. [صلوات] الله وبركاته ونوامى زكواته وافضل سلامه [و]تحياته 

  3. على مولانا وسيدنا وامام الحافظ لدين الله اميرالمومنين

  4. وعلى اباىه الطاهرين وابناىه الاكرمين صلاة باقية الى يوم الدين

  5. المملوك يقبل الارض امام المجلس العالى المعظم المنصوري السيدى   

  6. الاجلى الافضلى الجيوشى السيفى الناصرى الكافل لقضاة

  7. [المسلمين والهادى لدعاة المومنين] خلد الله ملك مالكه


Geoffrey Khan, Arabic Legal and Administrative Documents in the Cambridge Genizah Collections (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
  1. In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate.
  2. The blessings and benedictions of God, his increasing benefactions and mostexcellent salutation and greetings be

  3. upon our lord and master, the imām al-Ḥāfiẓ li-Dīn Allāh, commander of thefaithful,

  4. and upon his pure ancestors and his most noble sons, with a blessing enduringuntil the day of judgement.

  5. The slave kisses the ground before the lofty, mighty and glorious seat of the

  6. most exalted lord, al-Afḍal, commander of the armies, sword of Islam, thedefender, the protector of the judges

  7. [of the Muslims and guide of the dāʿīs of the believers], may God perpetuate thedominion of him who holds it.

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