ثيقة شرعيّة: T-S H10.173

ثيقة شرعيّة T-S H10.173

العلامات

تاريخ الإدخال

في PGP منذ 2018

الوصف

Legal document: deed of sale in Arabic for the purchase of part of a house. Abū l-Faraj Ṣemaḥ b. Ṣedaqa b. Ṣemaḥ the money-changer buys part of a house in Qaṣr al-Shamʿ in Fustat from his uncle Dāwūd b. Ṣemaḥ the indigo dealer. The house abuts the former church of St Michael, the oven of al-Jalāl, and the house of Maymūn b. Dāwūd. Dated 10–20 Shaʿbān 448 (October-November 1056 CE). On verso there is a liturgical text in Hebrew. (Information from Khan.) It is unusual that the document is written on a bifolio; it may be a court copy, which would also explain what seems to be an archival annotation on verso summarizing the document (which Khan deciphers in part but doesn't discuss). MR

T-S H10.173 1r

1r

النصوص المفرّغة

Geoffrey Khan, Arabic Legal and Administrative Documents in the Cambridge Genizah Collections (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Recto, right side

  1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم الحمد لله وسلام على عباده الذين اصطفی

  2. هذا ما اشترى صيمح ويكنى أبا الفرج بن صدقة بن صيمح الاسرائيلي الـ[ـصير]في من عمه

  3. داود بن صيمح الاسرائيلي النيلي اشـ[تر]ـی منه صفقة واحدة جميع الثمن کاملا وهو

  4. ثلثة اسهم من جملة الستة الاسهم الـ[ـتـ]ـى ذكر داود هذا البائع انها له في ملكه ويده

  5. من اربعة وعشرينها من جميع البنا القائم في الدار التي بفسطاط مصر ذات المساكن المتفرقة في الطبق

  6. ببيوت من خشب دائرة على القاعة التي في هذه الدار ولهذه ان يدخل منه الى 

  7. ستة مخازن وبیت مرحاض لهذه القاعة ومخـ[ـز]ـن وهو ...... سلم الى معجنة

  8. من حقوق هذه الدار وفي هذه القاعة عمود رخام منصوب تحت بسنديه

  9. في وسط هذه القاعة وهذه الدار داخلة في القصر المعروف بقصر الروم

  10. ويعرف بقصر الشمع ولها حـ[د]ود اربعة حدها القبلى بنتهى الى الدار المعروفة

  11. من حبس كنيسة ميكائيل كانت و[[تـ]ـعرف بكنيسة الروم بقصر الـ[ـشـ]ـمع

  12. المجاورة للفرن المعروف بفرن الجلا[ل] (؟) وحدها البحري ينتهي الى دار میمون بن داود

  13. اليهودي الذمي ولدار میمون هذ[ه] حائط هو سترة على هذه الدار المحدودة

  14. وحدها الشرقي ينتهي إلى الزقاق المعروف بزقاق ميكائيل وفيه يشرع با[ـبـ]ـها وحدها

  15. الغربي ينتهي الى الدار المعروفة بالغير وشائعة هذه الثلثة [ا]لاسهم التي وقع

  16. عليها هذا البيع في جميع هذه الدار المحدودة غير مقسومة منها بحدود ما

  17. وقع عليه هذا البيع وبنائه وسفله [و]علوه وطوبه وخشبه وسقفه وابوابه وقاعته 

  18. ومسايله وطرقه وكل حق هو له دا[خل فيه وخارج] منه خلا ارض ذلك فانها محكورة لم

  19. تدخل ولا شي منها فيما وقع عليه هذا [البيع المذكور في هذ]ا الكتاب

 

Recto, left side

  1. بعشرة دنانير مثاقيل ذهبا عینا وازنة جيادا فيها النقل والجعالة شرا صحيحا لا شرط فيه ولا عدة ودفع هذا 

  2. المشتري الى عمه داود بن صيمح النيلى جميع الثمن المذكور في هذا الكتاب وقبضه منه 

  3. هذا البائع وصار اليه کاملا وافيا وابراه براة صحيحة براة قبض واستيفا وهو

  4. عشرة دنانير وازنة جيادا فيها النقل والجعالة وسلم هذا البائع الى ابن اخيه 

  5. صيمح هذا المشتري جميع ما وقع عليه هذا البيع المذكور في هذا الكتاب 

  6. وقبضه منه هذا النمشترى وصار في يده كما يقبض مثل ذلك من المشاع

  7. بهذا الشرا المذكور في هذا الكتاب وذلك بعد ان اقرا انهما قد رايا جميعا 

  8. جميع هذه الدار المحدودة في هذا الكتاب داخلها وخارجها وجميع ما فيها

  9. ومنها من بنا وسفل وعلو ومرافق وحقوق وقليل وكثير ووقفا على ما ابتيع به

  10. في هذا الكتاب وعلى أن مبلغ الحكر من جميع ارض هذه الدار المذكورة

  11. في هذا الكتاب المحدودة فيه نصف دينار في كل شهر يجب على هذه الحصة

  12. المبيعة بقسطها ثمن ذلك وهو نصف ثمن دينار في كل شهر لا اكثر من ذلك 

  13. بوجه ولا سبب وبعد وقوفهما على سائر حقوق هذه الدار ووضعا ایدیهما على ما 

  14. توضع الايدي عليه من ذلك فتبایعا على ذلك وتفرقا بعد هذا البيع بابدانهما عن تراض

  15. منهما بذلك وانفاذ منهما له فما ادرك صيمح بن صدقة بن صيمح الاسرائيلي الصيرفي

  16. هذا المشتري فيما وقع عليه هذا البيع المذكور في هذا الكتاب وفي شي منه ومن حقوقه

  17. من درك من احد من الناس كلهم فعلی عمه داود بن ميمح الاسرائيلي النيلي هذا

  18. البائع تسليم ما يجب عليه في ذلك من حق ويلزمه بسبب هذا البيع المذكور حتى يسلم 

 

الترجمة

Geoffrey Khan, Arabic Legal and Administrative Documents in the Cambridge Genizah Collections (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Recto, right side

  1. In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate. Praise be to God and peace be upon his servants, whom he has chosen.  
  2. This is what Ṣemaḥ, bearing the patronymic Abū al-Faraj, ibn Ṣadaqa ibn Ṣemaḥ, the Jewish money-changer, bought from his uncle,  
  3. Dā'ūd ibn Ṣemaḥ, the Jewish indigo-dealer. He bought from him with one clapping of the hands the entire eighth completely, this being  
  4. three shares out of a total of six shares, which Dā'ūd, this seller, stated belonged  to him and was in his ownership and possession,  
  5. out of the twenty-four (shares) of the entire standing structure in the house that is in Fusṭāṭ - Miṣr It has separate dwellings on (its) floors  
  6. in wooden apartments surrounding its courtyard. This [      ] From it one enters  
  7. six storerooms. This courtyard has a washroom and a storeroom, which ...... a  staircase to a kneading-trough,  
  8. one of the rights of this house. In this courtyard there is a marble pillar erected  with its two stays at the bottom,  
  9. in the middle of this courtyard. This house is part of the fortress known as the  Fortress of the Greeks,  
  10. also known as the Fortress of the Candles. It has four boundaries. Its southern boundary extends to the well-known house  
  11. of the charitable foundation of the former church of (St.) Michael, now known as  the church of the Greeks, in the Fortress of the Candles,  
  12. contiguous to the oven known as the oven of al-Jalāl. Its northern boundary extends to the house of Maymūn ibn Dā'ūd,  
  13. the Jewish dhimmī. This house of Maymūn has a wall that forms a covering over  the house that is defined herein.  
  14. Its eastern boundary extends to the street know as the street of (St.) Michael and its door communcates with it. Its western boundary  
  15. extends to the house known (by the name) of others. These three shares, which 
  16. this sale entailed, are held in common in the entire house that has been defined  herein, they are not separate from it. (He purchased this) with the boundaries of  what  
  17. was entailed by this sale, its structure, its lower and upper floors, its brick, its  timber, its roof, its doors, its courtyard,  
  18. its conduits, its passages, each of its rights, within and without, except its land, for  it is leased and  
  19. neither it, nor any part of it, was included in what was entailed by this [sale, mentioned in this] document, 

Recto, left side

  1. for ten dinars, standard weight, gold, in minted coin of good alloy, including  transfer tax and commission, a valid sale without any condition or promise. 
  2. This buyer paid to his uncle Dā'ūd ibn Ṣemaḥ, the indigo-dealer, the entire price  mentioned in this document and this seller received it from him  
  3. and it passed into his possession completely and fully and he released him with a  valid quittance, a quittance of receipt in full, it being
  4. ten dinars, full weight, of good alloy, including transfer tax and commission. This seller handed over to his  nephew,  
  5. this Ṣemaḥ, the buyer, everything that was entailed by this sale, mentioned in this  document,  
  6. and this buyer took it from him and it passed into his possession, as such  property held in. common is customarily received,  
  7. by this sale mentioned in this document. This was after they had acknowledged  that they had both seen  
  8. all this house, which is defined in this document, its interior and exterior, and all  that is in it or  
  9. is part of it, including structure, lower and upper floors, amenities, rights and (all parts), be they few or many, and (after) they had taken note of the sale price 
  10. in this document and of the fact that all the rent for the land of this house  mentioned  
  11. and defined in this document is half a dinar a month. This portion, 
  12. which has been sold, according to its share must pay an eighth of that, which is a  half of an eighth of a dinar every month, no more than that  
  13. for any reason whatsoever. (This was also) after they had taken note of the other  rights of this house and had placed their hands on whatever parts of it 
  14. they could. They undertook the transaction on these terms and separated bodily  after this sale in mutual satisfaction  
  15. with that and with the intention of carrying it out. Should any claim be made  against Ṣemaḥ ibn Ṣadaqa ibn Ṣemaḥ, the Jewish money-changer,
  16. this buyer, regarding what was entailed by this sale, mentioned in this document, or any part  of it or of its rights,  
  17. by any person, it is the duty of his uncle Dā'ūd ibn Ṣemaḥ, the Jewish indigo-dealer, this  
  18. seller, to hand over whatever right is incumbent on him or he is bound by, on  account of this aforementioned sale. (He is responsible) until he hands

T-S H10.173 1v

1v

Verso, top right

  1. ذلك الى ابن اخيه هذا المشتري على ما يوجبه له عليه هذا البيع المذكور في هذا الكتاب

  2. شهد على اقرار البائع والمشتري بجميع ما فيه بعد قراته عليهما في صحة منهما وجواز وامرهما

  3. وذلك في العشر الثاني من شعبان سنة ثمان واربعين واربع مائة وفيه ........... 

  4. النقل والجعل صح 

Verso, right center

  1. من سلامـ[ـة؟] و.ـله ... نصر بن داود 

  2. بن صيمح تاريخ اليوم 

  3. ........... عن ابيه 

 

Verso, top right

  1. that over to his nephew, this buyer, according to the obligation that this sale,  which is mentioned in this document, places upon him.  
  2. The acknowledgement by the seller and the buyer of all that is in it was  witnessed after it was read to them, while they were in sound health and legally  capable of conducting their affairs.  
  3. That was in the second decade of Shaʿbān in the year four-hundred and forty-four.  It contains .....  
  4. transfer tax and commission.

Verso, right center

  1.  ............. Dā'ūd
  2.  ibn Ṣemaḥ  today
  3.  .............

 

 

بيان أذونات الصورة
  • T-S H10.173: Provided by Cambridge University Library. Zooming image © Cambridge University Library, All rights reserved. This image may be used in accord with fair use and fair dealing provisions, including teaching and research. If you wish to reproduce it within publications or on the public web, please contact genizah@lib.cam.ac.uk.