Princeton Geniza Project

The Princeton Geniza Project seeks to extend the resources and methodologies available for working with the documents found in the Geniza chamber of the Ben Ezra Synagogue in Cairo. The project is dedicated to discovering and describing unpublished documents, creating a full text retrieval database of Geniza documents (including both new and published transcriptions and translations), and developing technical tools such as glossaries, documentary structures and diplomatic categories. The project is committed to disseminating its materials as widely as possible to the international community of scholars who share an interest in the medieval Middle East and in Jewish studies, and, above all, in fostering new research by helping to train scholars in the field.

The corpus

Our searchable database of documentary Geniza texts currently contains transcriptions of 4,320 texts in Judaeo-Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic and Arabic.

Transcriptions in the database come from three sources.

(1) Goitein’s unpublished transcriptions. These are referred to as “Goitein, typed texts."

(2) Transcriptions Geniza scholars have published in article or book form. In the case of Goitein’s published transcriptions, the texts digitized here include his handwritten corrections from his archive of offprints.

(3) New transcriptions by scholars and doctoral students affiliated with the Geniza Lab.

Citing the PGP

Anyone is welcome to use these transcriptions for research purposes and to cite them. Transcriptions published elsewhere first should acknowledge the original publication. Transcriptions that appear here for the first time must be cited by the name of the scholar responsible for the transcription with the site name appended. For example: “ed. M. R. Cohen, Princeton Geniza Project.”

If you intend to use these editions for your research, please cite them. Please also check them against the manuscripts. Errors have crept in at the levels of transcription (especially when scholars prepared their transcriptions from microfilm, before the advent of digital photography) and digitization.

We welcome corrections. Please notify us of any errors you find by sending an email to

Technical history

The current browser was developed and is managed by Ben Johnston, Educational Technology Consultant in Princeton’s McGraw Center for Teaching and Learning. The texts are encoded in TEI; we manage both them and the website in Drupal. Previous versions of the database were based on the TextGarden web application developed in 2005 by Rafael Alvarado, Manager of Humanities Computing Research Applications at Princeton, and the original browser developed by Peter Batke at Princeton in the late 1990s.

Search the Princeton Geniza Project