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  1. 1

    LetterBodl. MS heb. b 13/50

    Letter from Ṭoviyya b. ʿEli ha-Kohen (Bilbays, Lower Egypt) to his cousin and brother-in-law, the judge Nathan b. Shelomo ha-Kohen (Fustat), 12th century. Ṭuviyahu b. …

    Recto

    1. בשמ רחמ
    2. מוגב הדה אלאסטר אעלם רבנו ישמרו שומר
    3. ישראל אני קד אנפדת מע אבו צאלח י כדוה(?)
    4. יבאע ט וואחדה מן אלדי הם מלם אלטין שק
    5. ראסהא אדא ראיתהא ל…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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    • 50 recto
    • 50 verso
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  2. 2

    LetterENA 3786.2

    Letter from Avraham Ḥazzan. In Judaeo-Arabic. Written in a distinctive, rudimentary hand with some resemblance to T-S 12.271 but probably not the same scribe. The …

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  3. 3

    List or tableDK 201.2

    Accounts for wine production, submitted by Shelomo b. Eliyyahu to his father Eliyyahu the Judge. Similar to T-S Ar.18(1).127. This document is for the month …

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  4. 4

    LetterT-S AS 177.86

    Note addressed to Abū Naṣr, in which the sender asks for a loan of a wine jug for three days (yā shaykh Abū Naṣr anʿim …

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  5. 5

    LetterMoss. VII,209

    Letter from Aharon b. ʿAmram ha-Kohen (ZL), in ʿAkkā, to his son Shemarya b. Aharon, in Fustat. The son should not be content to study …

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  6. 6

    LetterENA NS I.58

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: early 13th century. Recommending the bearer for assistance. The bearer had a partnership in a commodity with Bū l-Ḥasan al-Ḥakīm known …

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  7. 7

    Literary textT-S Ar.43.85

    Poetry and prose about wine. In Judaeo-Arabic. Includes the phrase "just like the Jews do it" and refers to a holiday celebration "on the night …

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  8. 8

    List or tableT-S AS 179.183

    Accounts in a mixture of Arabic and Hebrew script. At least in part concerning wine making (al-nabīdh... al-muwallad...).

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  9. 9

    Legal documentT-S NS 190.106

    Damaged legal document written by Halfon b. Menashshe ha-Levi (1100–38). Regarding manufacture of wine between [...] b. Yeshuʿa al-ʿAkkāwı known as Ibn Bunān (appears also …

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  10. 10

    LetterMoss. II,138.1

    Recto: Draft of a letter. "If your brother Abū Saʿīd does not have this amount, let him approach Abū Naṣr, and let the two of …

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  11. 11

    Paraliterary textJRL SERIES B 5168

    Prescription or recipe. In Judaeo-Arabic. "Its benefits are similar to the benefits of wine (khamr)." On verso there are jottings in Judaeo-Arabic: "In sleep (or: …

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  12. 12

    LetterT-S 10J7.18

    Letter from Shelomo b. Eliyyahu (Barakāt al-Muʿallim) to al-Shaykh al-Rashīd ('the father'—evidently an elder relative). The note accompanies a gift of wine for a banquet …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  13. 13

    LetterT-S 8J15.11

    Two rhymed letters between the brothers Shemuʾel and Shelomo, on the subject of wine. See also Goitein's index card, and cf. T-S 8J15.15 (same brothers).

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  14. 14

    LetterT-S Ar.30.309

    Letter addressed to Abū l-Faraj and Abū l-Ḥasan. In Judaeo-Arabic, with extremely rudimentary spelling and and handwriting (e.g. אכדיל אלכום for ادخل اليكم). This is …

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  15. 15

    List or tableT-S NS J78

    Inventory of a wine cellar, listing the sales of a retailer who at the opening of the store had 650 tamawiyas (containers for wine) in …

    1. בן משאקה קוי
    2. בן כליל רבע
    3. בן סיננאת יג
    4. . . . . . .] ח
    5. אלא. . . . . י
    1. ביד אלשיך אבו נצר י
    2. וארבע טמאויתכל
    3. ודרהמין עגוה
    4. וארבע דראהם פכאר
    5. זח ען צבי בן …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  16. 16

    List or tableT-S K6.82

    Accounts, probably for wine sent to the castle (burj), with sums of money in silver of good quality and mentioning the names of Yaʿaqov Ṭayyib …

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  17. 17

    Legal documentT-S 6J2.17

    Fragmentary scrap that contains multiple hands. The recto has been identified as a responsum, whereas the verso is a short note to Abu al-Ḥasan (or …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  18. 18

    List or tableT-S Ar.40.103

    Accounts of a wine dealer (or at least somebody who sells liquid by the jarra) in Judaeo-Arabic. Customers include Makārim al-Ṣayrafī, Barakāt al-Azraq, Maḥāsin b. …

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  19. 19

    List or tableT-S AS 147.172

    Accounts, mentioning quantities of money and commodities such as wine. (Information from CUDL)

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  20. 20

    Legal documentT-S 12.529

    Legal document involving Abū l-Ḥasan and Refaʾel and Abū l-Muʿāfā (who may be the same as Refa'el), possibly a dissolution of a partnership. The pressing …

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  21. 21

    List or tableT-S Ar.30.177

    Inventory of a wine merchant's wine cellar. (Information from Mediterranean Society, IV, p. 259)

    1. בשמ רחמ
    2. תלת מאיה אלא עשרה אלטרחה
    3. אלאולה ואלתאניה מאיתין
    4. סתה ועשרין ותשעה ועשרין לאגיה
    5. וכמסה צגאר ואלתלתה מאיה
    6. וכמסין טמאניה וארבעין
    7. צגירה וארבעה ועש…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  22. 22

    Literary textENA 2808.56

    Recto (secondary use): Satirical poem in Judaeo-Arabic, targeting the hypocrisy of religious authorities (mutafaqqihīn, fuqahāʾ). The target audience is Jewish (i.e., this isn't simply a …

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  23. 23

    Legal documentT-S 13J30.2

    Legal document concerning the dissolution of a partnership in the production and distillation of wine between various partners, mentioning people including Ḥalfon b. Yefet, Mevorakh …

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  24. 24

    Legal documentENA 2808.49

    Unsigned copy of a contract between Abū l-Bahāʾ b. Abū l-Mufaḍḍal and Abū l-ʿIzz (all called 'al-rayyis,' probably meaning physician here). Concerning 91 + 9 …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  25. 25

    Legal documentENA NS 7.17 + ENA NS 7.16

    Bifolio with legal records. One record is preserved on recto, and probably two separate records on verso. Different hands on recto and verso. Dating: recto …

    1. . . . . . ואלש שמואל . . . . . [
    2. צקדה ידיע אלעואם נע וחלפו אלגמאעה
    3. אלמדכורין אעלאה ב[[. . .]] ביוי אלהי
    4. ישראל הנגלה על הר סיני . . עלי ה[
    5. התורה אנהם…

    1 Transcription

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  26. 26

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 50/22

    Short note in dreadful handwriting in which the writer orders some wine, because he has just had blood let (wa-qad ukhrijtu l-dam). The name Avraham …

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    • 22 recto
    • 22 verso
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  27. 27

    Literary textPER H 134

    Debate poem between hashish and wine. In the hand of Nāṣir al-Adīb al-ʿIbrī. The narrator is a partisan of wine: "Hashish has a way / …

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  28. 28

    LetterMIAC 124

    Report from the Grand Rabbinate of Cairo naming the butchers intended for the slaughter of poultry in the 5714AM, and an announcement of the schedule …

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  29. 29

    Paraliterary textT-S AS 145.290

    Recipe for a certain kind of wine ("al-nabīdh al-mudabbir"). On verso there are calendrical calculations mentioning Tishrei 1423 Seleucid, which is 1111 CE.

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  30. 30

    LetterMIAC 219

    Announcement from the Cairo Jewish community and by the rabbinate that all the wine sold by the company "Curiel Oriental" is not kosher, and an …

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  31. 31

    Paraliterary textT-S Ar.30.65

    Medical prescription composed of ingredients that appear regularly in similar prescriptions of those days. Wine is recommended as an alternative for a sharab (a potion). …

    1. . . .
    2. יוכד עלי ברכת אללה
    3. כאבלי והנדי מן כל ואחד אוקיה
    4. בלילג ואמלג מן כל ואחד דר
    5. סנה מכי ופיתמון אקריטי אוקיה
    6. ואסטוכודוס ולסאן תור שאמי
    7. מן כל ואחד ה …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  32. 32

    LetterENA NS 31.13

    Business letter. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Ca. 15th century (no earlier thah 1415 CE), as it mentions the currency niṣṣ/nuṣṣ/half (i.e., the muʾayyadī). Also mentions the …

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  33. 33

    Legal documentT-S 13J4.10

    Legal document. Location: Bilbays. Dated: First decade of Sivan, 1564 Seleucid, which is 1253 CE. Under the reshut of David I Maimonides. Concerning a settlement …

    1. נקול נחן אלשהוך אלואצעין כטוטנא אכר הדא אל
    2. מסטור אן למא כאן פי אלעשר אלאול מחדש סיון
    3. שנת אתקסד לשטרות בעיר בלביס הסמוכה לארץ
    4. גשן מותבה רשותיה דאדוננ…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  34. 34

    LetterBL OR 5566D.3

    Letter from Natan b. Nahray (Alexandria) to Nahray b. Nissim (Fustat), ca. 1065. Mentions a silk cloak ordered by Nahray and shoes that were sent …

    recto

    1. כתאבי אט[אל אללה בקא מו]לאי אלשיך אלאגל ואדא[ם ת]אידה וסלאמתה

    2. [                                  מן אל]מסתקר לה כלון מן אדר כתמה אל[לה עלינ…

    3 Transcriptions

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  35. 35

    List or tableT-S AS 152.14

    Accounts, mentioning names such as Ibn al-Ḡanī (?) and Joseph b. Judah al-Levi. Lists a number of dates, weights, numbers and commodities, such as honey, …

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  36. 36

    List or tableT-S Ar.18(1).127

    Accounts, dated October 1230 CE, in the hand of Shelomo b. Eliyyahu, referring to a cellar (maṭmūra) in his father’s house with 117 jugs of …

    1 Discussion

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  37. 37

    LetterT-S 13J22.22

    Letter from Muslim to his son ʿIwaḍ. In Judaeo-Arabic. Concerning sugar cane molasses (quṭāra) and wine. "Stop occupying yourself with marriage plans and such idle …

    recto

    1. בשמ' רחמ ואלדה מסלם
    2. אלולד אלעזיז אלשיך עוץ אני קד
    3. נפדת לך כתאב מן אגל אלקטארה
    4. אללה אללה מהמא גאבך אלשיך
    5. מעאפא תנפד תערפני סרעה
    6. מן כל בד אלי קד…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  38. 38

    LetterT-S 10J25.3

    Letter from Yehuda b. Aharon b. al-ʿAmmānī, in Alexandria, to Abū l-Majd Meir b. Yakhin (Thābit), "the Glory of the Cantors," in Fustat. Dated: 14 …

    Recto:

    1. בשמ' רחמ' אלדאעי ללה בכמאל עאפיתה יהודה המלמד
    2. אלי אלמולא אלשיך בו אלמגד כגק' מר' ור' מאיר השר היקר החזן תפארת
    3. החזנים חפטה אללה וגמלנא גמיע בב…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  39. 39

    Paraliterary textENA 2808.22

    Recto: The first part is a description of a plant (ḥashīsha) that is effective against toothache. Its branches and leaves are like those of the …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  40. 40

    LetterBodl. MS heb. e 105/38

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Wide space between the lines. The writer is a tax farmer (or perhaps the agent/wakīl of one) in a rural area with …

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    • 38 verso
    • 38 recto
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  41. 41

    LetterT-S 8J22.11

    Informal note from an unknown writer to R. Ḥiyya. In Judaeo-Arabic. The writer requests the excellent jug of wine (al-nabīdh al-mamzūj) that Ḥiyya had promised …

    Recto:

    1. בשמ רחמ
    2. כאנת חצרה מולאי רבנא חייא תפארת היראים קד
    3. ועדת יום אלסבת בגרה נביד גייד לנגדד עלינא אמר
    4. אלמלוכה אלקדימה ואלאן פי הדא אליום קד אפצד[ת]…

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  42. 42

    State documentENA 3901.5

    State petition regarding a Maghribī Jewish trader caught drinking with a Muslim woman and imprisoned. Cuts off right before the request: there arrived from the …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  43. 43

    LetterT-S 13J27.11

    Letter from Yehuda b. Aharon Ibn al-ʿAmmānī, in Alexandria, to Abū l-Majd Meir b. Yakhin ("the Glory of the Cantors and their strength"), in Fustat. …

    Recto

    1. בשמ' רחמ' מן שאכר תפצלה יה[ודה]
    2. וצלת כתב מולאי וסיידי אלשיך אב[ו למגד]
    3. מאיר החזן ירום הודו ויגדל כבודו גמע אללה
    4. אלשמל בנטרה אלשריף אמן אלהי אמ…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  44. 44

    LetterCUL Or.1081 J42

    Recto: Note from Rashīd inviting a physician to come urgently to Rashīd's home, and to bring a friend. Verso: The physician responds that if he …

    1. אלאך אלעזיז אלמופק יחצר סרעה
    2. פי בית אלרשיד פאן אלצרורה דאעיה
    3. לחצורך ואן כאן לך אחד מן אלאצחאב
    4. פתחצרה צחבתך ולא תנעאק סאעה ואחדה
    5. מחבה רשיד [. . . . .…

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  45. 45

    LetterENA NS 19.31

    Letter from Mevorakh b. Natan to Thiqat al-Mulk. In Judaeo-Arabic. Mevorakh describes his financial difficulties and asks for help obtaining wheat. He complains that al-Shaykh …

    1. בשמ רחמ ותגזר אומר ויקם לך ועל דרכיך נגה אור
    2. ורבצת ואין מחריד וחלו פניך רבים
    3. ישלח עזרך מקדש ומציון יסעדיך
    4. לם יכף נסאל אלמולא אלואלד אלאגל תקה אלמלוך…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  46. 46

    LetterT-S 16.305

    Letter from Yehuda ha-Melammed b. al-Ammani, in Alexandria, to Avraham Maimonides in Fustat. Dated: Adar 1528 Seleucid, which is 1217 CE. Yehuda devotes the bulk …

    Recto

    1. עבדו ומשרתו
    2. יהודה המלמד
    3. בשמ' רחמ
    4. ותשועת צדיקים מיי' וגו'
    5. תרום ידך על צריך וגו'
    6. מתהלך בתומו צדיק וגו'
    7. אלי אלמגלס אלסאמי אלאגלי אלמולוי אלרייסי

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  47. 47

    LetterT-S 10J12.16

    Letter from a woman, in Fustat, to her son Abū l-Maḥāsin, in Funduq al-Qamra, Alexandria. Dictated to Abū Manṣūr. Likely belongs with T-S 10J19.26 (PGPID …

    Recto:

    1. שלום רב לאוהבי תורתך ואין למו מכשול
    2. שלום שלום לרחוק ולקרוב אמר ייי ורפאתיו
    3. אלדי אעלם בה ולדי ואלעזיז עלי וענדי גמע אללה שמלי בה קריב עלי מא י…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  48. 48

    List or tableBL OR 5566C.20 + BL OR 5566C.19

    Accounts in the hand of Nissim b. Ḥalfon, presented to Nahray b. Nissim; 1066 CE. Lists payments for various goods, made either directly or through …

    recto - left side

    1. לר נהראי [            ] מן גמלה אלורק

    2. אלדי קבל האדי קאי ותלת ותמן

    3. > קיר

    4. לה בחק אלברקלו(?) מן אלצרה אלתי

    5. וצלת מן אטראבלס א…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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