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  1. 1

    LetterENA 2591.13 + ENA 2591.12

    Account of Marduk b. Musa listing a large number of commercial transactions with many names - some of known merchants. Also contains instructions.


    ‎Column 1
    ‏ מא פיה יא דינ וסדס מנהא מכסורים ע.הא סדס ‎ 1
    ‏ דואה אבנוס מדורה כף לאבו יוסף גרבאלין אל ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  2. 2

    LetterT-S G1.1

    Letter describing a requisition carried out against a whole town, in which Muslims, Christians, Samaritans and Jews were all affected, with the latter suffering even …

    ‏ בש רח ‎ 1
    ‏ מוגב הדה אלאסטר אעלם הדרת רבינו יחי לעד אננא ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  3. 3

    LetterDK 245

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic from a government official to a certain Yehuda b. Elʿazar ha-Kohen, giving a great deal of information about other government officials at …

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  4. 4

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 74/47

    Complaint by a group of workmen, who were newcomers to a provincial town, that they were dragged to the corvee (forced labor) and forced to …

    ‏ הדא אלקול וקאלו [. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ אלאנסאן פי צנעה לא תכיבה //בה// ולא יחתאג אלי אלנאס ונחן אל. . . . . …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  5. 5

    LetterJTS Schechter 4

    Letter from Eliyyahu ha-Kohen “Beit Din” b. Avraham from al-Raqqah to Ya’aqov he-Ḥaver b. Yosef, Aleppo, ca. 1030. The writer thanks the addressee for taking …

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  6. 6

    Legal documentT-S 6J12.6

    Legal document with the testimony of Natanʾel b. Tamīm concerning a signature he witnessed for Saʿīd b. Yūsuf, who releases Mufaḍḍal b. Salāma b. Saʿīd …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  7. 7

    LetterAIU XII.105

    Recto: Six lines from a formal Arabic petition. The second line reads: "...al-salāṭīn khāliṣa amīr al-muʾminīn [...] al-dīn." Verso: The upper part of an Arabic …

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  8. 8

    LetterT-S 13J19.15

    Letter from the community in Ashkelon to the community in Fustat. Dating: Probably 1025 CE. Mentions praises to two of the Fatimid governors in Ashkelon. …

    ‏ שלום מובל יקובל כניחוחים כרם חמד נקי מאוחים ‎ 1
    ‏ מבורך בפרותיו מימיו משמחים חבצלת השרון ‎ 2
    ‏ כמור מרוקחים ישועות משעשעות ומ…

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  9. 9

    LetterT-S 13J3.20

    Fragmentary resolution of a community in provincial Egypt, dealing with the relations with Muslim authorities, Sivan 1519/May 1208.

    ‏ ] אננא למא ‎ 1
    ‏ ]ת הכנסת המקבה יכוננה לעד ‎ 2
    ‏ אש]תהר אמרה ללג…

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  10. 10

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 13/9 + Bodl. MS heb. d 80/46

    Letter from Tiberias, containing a legal document recording their estate in the Muslim registration of Tiberias, dated 940. Ca. 1020


    ‎א
    ‏ [ ] וישועות קרובות ‎ 1
    ‏ טוב וחנינה וחמלה וטובה מול כל[ ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  11. 11

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 28/35

    Fragment of a letter from an imprisoned government official. 12th century.


    ‎(recto)
    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . כל ‎ 1
    ‏ וגם [לא עשיתי מ]אומה כי שמו אותי בבור או ‎ 2
    ‏ עשיתי [ב]…

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  12. 12

    Legal documentT-S 13J20.21

    al-Nusayr b. al-Hakim, a Muslim, declares before Yosef b. Yefet the teacher (who wrote the document) and Ya'ish Zayn al-Tujjar, that he would transfer to …

    ‏ למא כאן יום אלגמעה ראבע [ . . . . . . . . . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ שנת אתקכח לשטרות בעיר אל…

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  13. 13

    State documentT-S NS 320.45

    Petition submitted to the Fatimid caliph al-Mustanṣir upon his accession in 1036 CE. Requesting that he confirm the appointment of Yosef ha-Kohen, a judge of …


    ‎TS NS Box 320, f. 45 verso, ed. M. Gil, Palestine, vol. 2, pp. 575-576, (Doc #315) A Petition to the Muslim Government to recognize the appointment …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  14. 14

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J111

    Letter from Ya’aqov b. Yosef al-Tunisi, Fustat, to Salah b. Barhun al-Taharti, Ramla. The writer sends goods to Ramla, to the merchant’s officer Ahmad b. …

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  15. 15

    LetterENA 2727.19

    Letter, fragmentary, from Isma’il b. Barhun ha-Tahirti from al-Mahdiyya, to Yosef b. Ya’aqov b. Awkal from Fustat. Mentions some information about the Sultan interfering in …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  16. 16

    LetterENA 2808.38

    Letter fragment. In Judaeo-Arabic. Shelomo b. Eliyyahu’s hand? Mentions an old woman, then somebody's (probably the writer's) intention to bring a matter before the state …

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  17. 17

    List or tableJRL SERIES C 24

    Lists in Judeo-Arabic that mention a wide array of "ağa / אגה" official titleholders and are dated to 18 Safar 1243AH which is September 1827CE. …

    No Scholarship Records

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  18. 18

    State documentENA 684.1

    Official letter. After the basmala one reads :ʾaṭāla llāh baqāhā wa-ʾadāma taʾyīdahā wa-ʿalāhā (l. 2), ʿārafahu bi-mā li-l-ḥadra al-sāmiyya al-ʾaǧalliyya al-raʾīsiyya (l. 3), ʿalā al-ḥadrat …

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  19. 19

    LetterAIU XII.160

    State document. Draft of a formal letter or petition in Arabic. The recipient's name and/or position may be present. Needs further examination. This side was …

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  20. 20

    State documentL-G Ar. II.79

    Capitation tax receipt for Sulaymān al-yahūdī b. Mūsā al-yahūdī al-Mutaṭabbib (?). Dated 24 Dhū l-Ḥijja 524 AH (1130 CE). Not authenticated at the top by …

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  21. 21

    LetterT-S 13J16.17

    Letter from a ḥaver of the Jerusalem yeshiva, probably in Aleppo, to a gaʾon, probably Shelomo b. Yehuda, in Jerusalem. Dating: ca. 1035 (Gil). The …

    ‏ .... ‎
    ‏ אבה לכך להיצר לי עד [ ] החבר …

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  22. 22

    LetterT-S 10J5.22 + T-S 10J20.8

    Letter from Daniel b. Azarya informing one of his supporters in Cairo that an unnamed prominent person had received a friend of his opponent in …

    ‏ [ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] . חצרה מולאיי אלאמיר חסאם אלדולה אדאם אללה עז אלסיד ‎ 1
    ‏ [ .…

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  23. 23

    Legal documentT-S AS 146.5

    Payment order from David ha-Nasi (not David b. Daniel, head of the Jews 1082-1094) ordering 3 communal officers to pay a quarter dinar to the …

    ‏ דוד הנשיא [ . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ ידפע מחפוט וסאלם ואבו עלי [ . . . ‎ 2
    ‏ ממא תחת ידהם מן אלחאצל ללמקדס לל ‎ 3
    ‏ צביאן רבאב אלסייד אלא…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  24. 24

    LetterT-S NS J334 + T-S 12.717

    Recto: Letter/petition to Avraham b. Yaʿaqov ha-Ḥazzan. In Judaeo-Arabic. This is either intended for the eyes of Mevorakh or simply mentions previous petitions submitted to …

    ‏ ]פסטאט מצרים ‎ 1
    ‏ לכבוד גדל ק[דוש]|ת מרנ ורב אברהם החכם…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  25. 25

    LetterT-S AS 147.21

    Fragment of a letter of appeal for charity, from Jerusalem, complaining about the heavy taxation. (Information from Goitein's index cards)

    ‏ בלא חקר ולא תכל[ה ‎ 1
    ‏ אדירנו ונדיבי עמ. [ ‎ 2
    ‏ הנטוי עליכם וח. [ ‎ 3
    ‏ כי שבחכם . .ת[ ‎ 4
    ‏ ביחידים ו…

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  26. 26

    State documentT-S 20.80

    Fatimid decree. The decree is from the period of al-Hafiz (1131–49) and mentions the congregational mosques of al-Ḥākim (in Cairo) and al-Ḥāfiẓ (it is not …

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  27. 27

    State documentAIU IV.A.211

    First eight lines of a letter addressed to a dignitary ("mawlāya ʾadāma llāh ʿizzah fi ʾamrihi wa-masʾalat mukātabat"), in a chancery-trained hand. Possibly dealing with …

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  28. 28

    State documentT-S 13J20.5

    Draft of a petition in the handwriting of Natan b. Shelomo ha-Kohen, addressed to al-Malik al-ʿĀdil (aka the vizier Ibn al-Salār), asking that he release …

    ‏ ינהון אן ואלדהם סק[ט באלופאה וכלף אולאד ‎ 1
    ‏ צגאר ואן מתולי אלמע[ונה במצר אכתם מוגוד ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  29. 29

    Legal documentT-S Misc.22.285

    Testimony concerning the death of a man and his son. In Arabic script. Dated: 5 Shawwāl 427 AH, which is 1 August 1036 CE. The …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  30. 30

    State documentT-S 13J7.29

    Decree (copy in Hebrew script) from the Fatimid caliph al-Ẓāhir to a governor of Palestine (probably Anushtekin al-Dizbirī) informing him of another decree that had …

    ‏ על שמך ‎ 1
    ‏ ערצת בחצרת אמיר אלמומנין רקעה מתרגמה ‎ 2
    ‏ בגמאעת אליהוד אלרבאנין יסאלון פיהא ‎ 3
    ‏ חמל…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  31. 31

    State documentBodl. MS heb. b 18/21 + T-S Ar.30.278

    Eight rough drafts of a petition to al-Mustanṣir from the followers of Shelomo b. Yehuda, probably the end of 1041. Six drafts are in Judaeo-Arabic; …

    ‏ קד כאנו אלעביד אסתגארו אללה ‎ 1
    ‏ סבחאנה ובאלח…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  32. 32

    State documentENA NS 18.26

    Recto: Letter of complaint to the caliph in Arabic script concerning the tax that the Tiberias Jews need to pay. It seems like the second …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ ... ‎
    ‏ واصلنا الشكوى فيما نفعنا معه [ ‎ 1
    ‏ وورد السجل ال…

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  33. 33

    LetterT-S 8J29.11

    Fragment of a letter from Nahray b. Nissim to an unidentified addressee mentioning accounts and the amount of linen that the addressee has to provide. …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . ] . . קא עלים סל [ . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ וינהי [ . . . . ] מן וציהא דינ ללדיואן עליה . [ ‎ 2
    ‏ ונצף ותמן יכון אלד…

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  34. 34

    Legal documentT-S AS 150.11 + JRL Series B 6304 + Moss. VII,66.2 + AIU VII.D.112 + Moss. VII,45.2 + JRL SERIES B 6304

    The Case of the Great/Fat Eunuch: five-part join of a court record from Fustat in the hand of Yefet b. David dealing with a case …

    ‏ ] . ור . ‎ 1
    ‏ ]אח אלשלטון אקדר ‎ 2
    ‏ ה]תולי אתני עשר אלף ד…

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  35. 35

    LetterMoss. II,193

    Letter from Isma’il b. Salama al-Gazal, al-Bahnasa, to Nahray b. Nissim, Fustat. Dating: ca. 1051. Details about payments and business with local government officials in …

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  36. 36

    State documentENA 1177.76

    State document, fragment of a longer text, dismembered at the collesis. What has remained is wa-mā tawfīqī illā bi-l-lāh. Possibly Ayyubid (tawfīqī billāh was an …

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  37. 37

    State documentYevr.-Arab. I 1986

    Letter from an unnamed Fatimid official in Alexandria to Najīb al-Dawla. Dating: second half of the eleventh century. 36 lines preserved, written in an elegant …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  38. 38

    Unknown typeMIAC 77

    Part of a newspaper "al-Klīm" published by Karaite Jews discussing the visit of the Chief General Muḥammad al-Nagīb to the Karaite synagogue on Saturday October …

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  39. 39

    LetterT-S 10J11.17

    Letter from Yeshayahu b. Ishaq to Abu Avraham Ismail b. Avraham with an urgent request to hand over six loads of textiles to the 'Dar …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ מא נערף מא נכתב בה אליך ישיכי וסידי אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם ‎ 1
    ‏ סלאמתך ממא אנא מדפוע אליה מן המי אלדי לם יגוז עלי ‎ 2
    ‏ אעצם מנ…

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  40. 40

    LetterT-S 13J7.6

    Fragment of a letter of complaint to Avraham ha-Kohen b. Yiṣḥaq b. Furat (mid 11th century). The writer complains about a group of people who …

    ‏ י]נהלה בברכה מעולה ועוז ‎ 1
    ‏ ]לה ומנוי בסגולה ובוחר בתפלה ‎ 2
    ‏ ] רבנא אברהם הכהן זקן הבין והדיע ‎ 3
    ‏ ]שלים מאמץ…

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  41. 41

    LetterT-S 12.290

    Last page of a letter from Abū Naṣr b. Avraham, in Alexandria, to a public figure, in Fustat. Identification is based on handwriting and style. …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ תתמה אלכתאב ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  42. 42

    State documentHalper 354

    Testimony in Arabic script probably meant to accompany an investiture petition from the gaʾon Shelomo b. Yehuda to the newly appointed caliph al-Mustanṣir billāh, listing …

    ‏ [ بعد ما التمسوا جم] يعا وفرادا ‎ 1
    ‏ [ ان يشهدوا هذه الشهاده قال ك]ل من…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  43. 43

    List or tableT-S 12.458

    List of customs paid in Aydhab by Avraham Ibn Yiju, around 1152. III 40a is the top of the page. III, 40b is the bottom …

    1 Translation

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  44. 44

    State documentBL OR 5557B.17

    Contract of lease for an irrigation channel on the jazīra of Fustat (the Nile island later known as Rawḍa). Dated: 18 (or maybe 28?) Shawwāl …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  45. 45

    State documentCUL Or.1080 J7

    Petition to the caliph, draft in the Arabic handwriting of Efrayim b. Shemarya. Dating: January 1039. Concerns the closing of a synagogue in Fustat, following …

    ‏ باسم الله الرحمن الرحيم العبيد ينهو الى الموقف الشريف زاده الله شرفته ‎ 1
    ‏ الجليلة وذلك ان لما …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  46. 46

    State documentT-S 13J8.27

    Recto: Report to a vizier of al-Ḥāfiẓ by a military official in which the sender references previous petitions and also makes a new request for …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  47. 47

    State documentENA 4020.65

    Copy of a petition to the caliph al-Ẓāhir (matn only) against acknowledgement of the Iraqi authority in Palestine. Dating: original document ca. 1030, but this …

    ‏ ואלדי קצד אלדאעי בכניסתין וריאסתין ן ‎ 1
    ‏ אלסגל מאסי לאנהו (!) אדא גאז אן תכון ריאסתין גאז אן תכון ‎ …

    4 Transcriptions

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  48. 48

    LetterPER H 17.2

    Letter from a European Jew whose ship sank en route on his way to fulfill a vow to visit Jerusalem, and lost all his belongings …

    ‏ תפול נא תחינתי לפני קהל הקדוש המרחמים על אחיהם ‎ 1
    ‏ המחזיקים ידי נבוכים את צרתי וצערי אגיד ל…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  49. 49

    State documentT-S AS 150.3

    State document, Mamluk period, 1442. Draft of a petition from the Jewish community of Fustat to the Mamluk government concerning the malpractices of ‘Abd al-Latif …

    ‏ אלממאליך גמאעה אליהוד רע[ייה ‎ 1
    ‏ אלמקאם אלשריף ואלאסלאם אל[כרים ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  50. 50

    LetterENA 2559.5

    Letter from Jalāl al-Dawla. Dated: 1237 CE. Concerns in part a negotiation between members of the Jewish community and Christians about preventing Jews from entering …


    ‎Verso
    ‏ יגי גאנדאר יקול אלצאחב יסלם עליך[ ‎ 1
    ‏ חואיגכם וגאבו לנא פואכה וגירהא וכנת אגתמע בהם ‎ 2
    ‏ וגרי חדית פ…

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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