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  1. 1

    Legal documentT-S J3.44

    Records of obtaining and releasing a female slave. Bahiyya bt. Yusuf b. Awkal gives her slave, Nuja’im, to her husband’s cousin, and he releases her. …

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  2. 2

    Legal documentBodl. MS heb. d 68/106

    Bill of sale for a female slave. Dating: ca. 1100 CE (based on Med Soc II, p. 601 n. 18). The name of the female …

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    • 106 recto
    • 106 verso
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  3. 3

    Legal documentENA 4020.11

    Bill of sale for a female slave. Dating: Perhaps second half of the 11th century or beginning of the 12th century, based on the hand. …

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  4. 4

    Legal documentT-S NS J368

    Legal document. In the hand of Hillel b. ʿEli. Fragment (bottom part only). Involves: Abū Kathīr; Bahiyya bt. Ṣadaqa; [...] bt. Yosef known as Umm …

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  5. 5

    LetterENA 3153.6

    Letter fragment. In Judaeo-Arabic. Mentions Sālim al-Ḥaver, the female slave of R. Nissim, Sulaymān, the old woman, and Abū l-Faraj the ghulam of [...]. Also …

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  6. 6

    Legal documentENA NS 77.221

    Bill of sale for a female slave. In the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Either the buyer or the seller is named [...] b. Shemarya. …

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  7. 7

    Legal documentENA NS 77.249

    Bill of sale for a female slave. In the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. No details preserved. (Not a join with ENA NS 77.221.)

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  8. 8

    LetterT-S Ar.39.438

    Letter in Arabic script. Concerning 'the going up' of an enslaved singing woman (ṭulūʿ al-mughanniya). "I sent Luʾluʾ... with her another person from her place …

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  9. 9

    Legal documentT-S NS 320.124

    Drafts or records of legal documents. In Judaeo-Arabic. In the hand of Hillel b. ʿEli? Dating: The document on recto refers to a period of …

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  10. 10

    Legal documentT-S NS 320.126

    Notes for drawing up legal documents. In Judaeo-Arabic. In the hand of Natan b. Shemuel? On recto: "...the freedwoman (al-maʿtūqa)... and the rest of the …

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  11. 11

    Legal documentPER H 23

    Bill of sale for a female slave. In the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Signed by Ḥalfon b. Menashshe as well as Elʿazar ha-Kohen b. …

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  12. 12

    Legal documentENA 4020.63

    Legal document in the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. On parchment. Location: Fustat. Dated: 1441 Seleucid, which is 1129/30 CE, under the authority of Maṣliaḥ …

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  13. 13

    Legal documentT-S NS 311.23

    Bill of sale for a female slave. Location: Fustat. Dated: 1461 Seleucid, which is 1149/50 CE, under the authority of the Nagid Shemuel b. Ḥananya. …

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  14. 14

    Legal documentT-S NS 320.17

    Bill of sale for a female slave. Location: Fustat. Dated: 1469 Seleucid, which is 1157/58 CE, under the authority of the Nagid Shemuel b. Ḥananya. …

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  15. 15

    Legal documentBodl. MS heb. c 28/1

    Bill of sale for a female slave. Written and signed by Moshe b. Elʿazar. Also signed by Avraham b. Hillel b. Ṣadoq Av. Location: Cairo. …

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  16. 16

    Legal documentYevr. III B 669

    Legal document. Location: Fustat. Dated: Nisan 4977 AM, which is 1217 CE, under the reshut of Avraham Maimonides. It is a bill of sale for …

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  17. 17

    LetterT-S AS 178.223

    Mercantile and/or family letter in Arabic script. Seems to be an addendum or final page of a letter, since there are no opening greetings but …

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  18. 18

    Legal documentBodl. MS heb. b 12/32

    Bill of sale for a slave. Location: Fustat. Dated: Last third of Tammuz 1505 Seleucid, which is June/July 1194 CE, under the reshut of Sar …

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    • 32 recto
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  19. 19

    Legal documentT-S 16.134

    Bill of release (draft or copy). In the hand of Efrayim b. Shemarya. Dated: Tishrei 1356 Seleucid, which is 1044 CE. Ḥalfon ha-Levi b. Shelomo …

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  20. 20

    Legal documentT-S NS 38.92

    Legal fragment. In the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Probably notes for the drawing up of a document. Concerning [...]h b. Elʿazar. There is a …

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  21. 21

    Legal documentBL OR 5566C.16

    Leaf from a court notebook, probably. Recto: Legal document. Abū l-Makārim undertakes to sell his female slave Ghazāl if she behaves badly against his wife, …

    1. אשהדני אלשיך אבי אלמכארם בן[
    2. אעאד גזאל גאריתה אלי כדמה ביתה [
    3. בנת סיידנא ראס אלמתיבה זל תכ[
    4. יגב ומתי אסתאדבהא עלי אלסת אל[
    5. להא כאן עליה ביע //הדה// …

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  22. 22

    Legal documentT-S AS 147.8

    Court record fragment of the sale of a European slave by a mother to her son. (Information from Mediterranean Society, III, p. 331, and Goitein's …

    1. ] גיר דלך מן גמיע [
    2. מקרה ענדכם באנני תסלמת מנה סת עשר דינ
    3. בהא אלממלוך אלדי לי אלרומי [ . . ] אלמדעא במ [
    4. ומשלמי ביד [ . . . ] ירתיה בתריה לעלם ו . .…

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S 12.382

    Letter from a man, probably in Alexandria, to his 'brother,' probably in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. The writer's maternal uncle has recently died. The bulk of …

    1. כתאבי אליך יאכי ואעז אלכלק עלי וענדי אטאל
    2. אללה בקאך ואדאם עזך ונעמאך וגעלני
    3. מן כל סו פדאך גמע אללה ביננא עלי אסר
    4. חאל במנה וכרמה פאנה ולי דלך ואל
    5. קאד…

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  24. 24

    Legal documentENA 3030.6–7

    Two fragments of a dowry list (taqwīm). In Judaeo-Arabic. Includes a female slave named Waṣl ("Union") valued at 13 dinars. Delayed marriage payment (muʾakhkhar): 60 …

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  25. 25

    LetterF 1908.44HH

    Letter from Natan b. Nahray, in Alexandria, to Nahray b. Nissim, in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: ca. 1065 CE. It appears that Nahray and his …

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  26. 26

    Legal documentT-S 13J30.7 + T-S NS J614

    Legal document. In Judaeo-Arabic. Attesting that Sitt al-Gharb bt. Abū l-Faraj b. Semekh al-Daʿwa (known from other Geniza documents) gave a deed of manumission (גט …

    recto (a) 

    1.       חצ'רא א[            ] | דין [ ] מ[   

    2.       הוינא ב[מות]ב אדונ|נו נגידנו שמו[אל הנגיד

    3.       הגדול יהי שמו לעול|ם שאהדין מן…

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  27. 27

    Legal documentT-S Ar.30.73

    Trousseau list. Entries include a copper vessel, a bath tub, and a female slave named Warda born into slavery (muwalladat al-jins). (Information from Goitein’s index …

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  28. 28

    Legal documentT-S 10J7.6

    Drafts of documents, made by Mevorakh b. Natan b. Shemuel and other scribes. Dating: 1159 CE. Includes a contract of sale of a Muslim female …

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  29. 29

    Legal documentT-S AS 149.72

    Legal document(s) in the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Both sides contain formulary for documents relating to the sale of a female slave (שחרורה... אלש]רוט …

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  30. 30

    LetterT-S AS 166.174

    Letter from Abū l-Munā b. Yaʿaqov, unknown location, to an unidentified addressee, presumably in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 11th or 12th century. Same writer …

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  31. 31

    Legal documentENA 4101.3b

    Legal deed concerning a female slave, that is probably sold or given as a gift to a woman named Sitt al-Nas. Also mentioned Mevasser, Shemarya …

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  32. 32

    LetterENA NS 52.4

    Letter of appeal addressed to Rabbenu Yiṣḥaq. In Hebrew. The writer's place has been destroyed and some people have been sold by the shaliṭ/sulṭān (into …

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  33. 33

    Literary textENA 3932.5 + ENA 3932.6

    Long-form work, fragment of a page mentioning (on verso) enslaved people (jawārī). MR

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  34. 34

    Legal documentENA 2538.1

    Legal document, draft. Left side only. No witnesses. Location: Fustat. Dated: Nisan 1542 Seleucid, which is 1231 CE. Features a freed muwallad slave (al-ghulām al-maʿtūq... …

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  35. 35

    Legal documentT-S NS J185c + T-S NS J185d

    Legal document written and signed by Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Dated: Ḥeshvan 1432 Seleucid, which is 1120 CE. Court record concerning a father’s will. Abū l-Riḍā, …

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  36. 36

    Legal documentT-S Misc.36.151

    Bill of emancipation of a slave (גט שחרור). Location: Fustat. Dated: Thursday, 25 Iyyar 1396 Seleucid, which is 1085 CE. Owner: Mudallala bt. Shelomo. Freedman: …

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  37. 37

    Legal documentT-S NS 320.63

    Deed of manumission for a female slave, given by Yefet b. Yosef. Location: New Cairo. Dated: Tuesday, 2[.] Shevaṭ 1341 Seleucid, which is 1030 CE. …

    recto

    1.       בתלתה בשבא דהוא עשרין יום לירח שבט שנת

    2.       אלפא ותלת מאה וארבעין וחדא שנין למנינא

    3.       דירגיליננא ביה בעיר אלקאהרה הסמוכה ~(ק…

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  38. 38

    Legal documentYevr.-Arab. I 1700.15

    Legal record (#32). Bill of sale, outline. Stating that a bill of sale (ʿuhda) shall be written for the sale of the slave wailing woman …

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  39. 39

    Legal documentYevr.-Arab. I 1700.15

    Legal record (#33). Bill of sale, outline. Dated: Thursday, 17 Sivan 1467 Seleucid. Stating that a bill of sale (ʿuhda) shall be written for the …

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  40. 40

    Legal documentT-S AS 181.194

    Legal document. It seems a bill of sale for a male slave (ghulām) possibly named Jarīr. A (low) sum of 6 dinars is named. The …

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  41. 41

    Legal documentMoss. VII,129.2

    Legal fragment. Appears to mention a jāriya belonging to a woman, who may be making arrangements for after her death. But needs examination.

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  42. 42

    Legal documentF 1908.44SS

    Bifolio from a court ledger. In the hand of Natan b. Shemuel he-Ḥaver. Three records at least: 1) Settlement of a complex marriage dispute involving …

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  43. 43

    LetterENA 3788.3–4

    Popular literature in Judaeo-Arabic. Conveys the tale of a wise man who is continually amazing a king with his powers of deduction. For instance, he …

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  44. 44

    LetterDK 228.3 (alt: 228/B, XIX)

    Fragment of a large letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Referring inter alia to a Nile voyage in the entourage of 'the king,' probably al-Malik al-Afḍal (r. 1095–1121). …

    Recto

    1. ] . . .
    2. ינפדה מע מן אתפק ודפעת
    3. לה תמן עלפה לילתין וקלת לה
    4. רבמא לם יתפק לך מן ידבר
    5. אליום מא אמתנעת אן אכד
    6. אלסרג ואללגאם אלא כוף מנך
    7. לילא יצעב ד…

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  45. 45

    Legal documentT-S 13G1

    Copy of a Gaon’s responsum (might be Rav Hayya Gaon) that includes details about the house of Bustenai and an answer regarding the status of …

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  46. 46

    Legal documentT-S 12.635

    Marriage contract (ketubba). Fragment (lower left corner). Dating: Likely early 11th century, per Goitein. Groom: Moshe b. Yaʿaqov. Bride: Raḥma (רחמה), not a virgin. The …

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  47. 47

    Legal documentT-S NS J409

    Dowry list (taqwīm). No names No muqaddam or me'uḥar. Among the goods is a female slave named Balgh al-Munā ('fulfillment of wishes'). (Information in part …

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  48. 48

    Legal documentENA NS 77.254

    Notes for the drawing up of a deed of sale for a slave. In the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe? One of the parties is …

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  49. 49

    Legal documentT-S NS 157.58

    Marriage contract for two enslaved people, both born into slavery (muwallad(at) al-jins), Muwaffaq and Dhahab. In Arabic script. Excerpt: ...انه زوج مملوكه موفق المولد الجنس …

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  50. 50

    Legal documentENA 4100.18

    Bill of sale for a female slave named חלל (Ḥalal? Ḥulal? In fact there is a vowel above the letter in the document, but it …

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