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  1. 1

    LetterCUL Or.1080 5.3

    Recto: fragment of a recommendation letter from Daniel b. Azarya to Eli ha-Ḥaver b. Amram, Fustat. The name of the person who is recommended is …

    ‏ [ ]קדו מר ור עלי החבר המעולה יברכהו אלדינו ‎ 1
    ‏ [ ושלומו] ירבה לעד תצל הדה אלשטור אלי אדירנו ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  2. 2

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J44

    Letter of recommendation for a poor woman.


    ‎ULC Or 1080 J 44, ed. Gil, Palestine, pp. 430-431 (Doc #570), N.H.11-22-87 (p).Letter of recommendation to a poor woman.
    ‏ …

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  3. 3

    LetterENA NS 21.10

    Letter of recommendation on behalf of a proselyte. The conversion took place by the time of R. Menahem (b. Sasson?) and the proslyte was imersed. …

    ‏ בששון ועלצ[ון ‎ 1
    ‏ וסואה אעלאמה דאם עזה ול. . . .להא ‎ 2
    ‏ אלשיך מ[בור]ך גר הצדק כ[. .]ה כאן מן ‎ 3
    ‏ …

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  4. 4

    LetterT-S 13J13.2

    Letter from Yehuda b. Avraham b. Faraj, in Ṣahrajt (Goitein) or Jerusalem (Gil), to ʿEli b. ʿAmram (aka Abū l-Husayn ʿAllūn b. Muʿammar), in Fustat. …

    ‏ שלומות רבות כמימי ארובות וחמלה ‎ 1
    ‏ וחנינה מלפני דר מעונה ורוח והצלה ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  5. 5

    LetterT-S 13J19.24

    Very short letter of recommendation from Abu 'Ali son of Abu al-Ma'ali on behalf of a stranger, a 'Ra'is on his way to the addressee's …

    ‏ אלעבד ‎ 1
    ‏ בר שמואל ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  6. 6

    LetterT-S 13J21.34

    Recto: fragment of a recommendation letter from Daniel b. Azarya to Eli ha-Ḥaver b. Amram, Fustat. The name of the person who is recommended is …

    ‏ כאן תקדם כתאבי למולאי אלחב[ר ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  7. 7

    LetterCUL Add.3341

    Letter of recommendation sent by seven elders of the Jewish community in Minyat Zifta to the Nagid Avraham Maimonides, recommending Moshe, the son of a …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . ועז מ]לך משפט אהב ‎ 1
    ‏ . . . . . .] יקבלון אלארץ באלמגלס אלסאמי מושב הדרת יקרת צפירת ת[פארת ‎ …

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  8. 8

    LetterT-S 6J3.28

    Letter of recommendation concerning one of the chief people in Sunbat, who had to flee because he could not afford to pay his own and …

    ‏ בר עבדו מודה חסדו ‎ 1
    ‏ יהודה ‎
    ‏ אלדי אעלם בה חצרה מולאי אלחסיד אלאגל אלדיין ‎…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  9. 9

    LetterT-S 8J27.8

    Recommendation letter describing the letter-bearer as an 'excellent person.'

    ‏ [ . . . ] . . . מן . [ . . . . . . . ] דתהא פי אכתר אלאוקאת ‎ 1
    ‏ וכדלך מולאי אלשיך אבי אלמכארם ואכותהא אלהי ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  10. 10

    LetterT-S AS 147.22

    Letter of recommendation for a needy widow with two children from Damascus who, on recommendation of a letter from the muqaddam of Ascalon, had received …

    ‏ כבוד גדולת קדושת מרנו ורבנו ‎ 1
    ‏ יצחק הרב החסיד המהניין בכל ענין יברכו ‎ 2
    ‏ שומר נפשות חסידיו ויגן בעדו ויחיה ‎ 3
    ‏ חמודו י…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  11. 11

    LetterT-S 8.71

    Fragment of a 'magnificent' letter of recommendation. In Hebrew. Refers to the bearer's release from prison, and how he is appropriately abashed. (Information from Goitein's …

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  12. 12

    LetterENA NS 19.5

    Letter addressed to Rabbenu Ḥayyim. Letter of recommendation for the bearer, the nephew of the Kohen Abū l-ʿIzz(?). Small fragment. Verso is filled with Hebrew …

    No Scholarship Records

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  13. 13

    LetterENA 4101.21

    Letter addressed to the Nagid. In Judaeo-Arabic. Recommending the bearer, Yisra'el ha-Ḥazzan, for charity.

    No Scholarship Records

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  14. 14

    LetterENA NS 64.4

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Only the upper right corner is preserved. Recommends the bearer for charity and mentions the Nagid. Might also mention Yemen. The name …

    No Scholarship Records

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  15. 15

    LetterT-S 12.433

    Letter addressed to Abū l-Faraj b. al-Rayyis (=Eliyyahu the Judge?). In Judaeo-Arabic. Regarding a certain Abū l-Bayān al-L[evi?] (=Moshe b. Levi ha-Levi?). Apparently Abū l-Bayān …

    No Scholarship Records

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  16. 16

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 66/103

    Letter addressed to an important person (perhaps Eliyyahu ha-Kohen Av Bet Din, who is greeted 3 lines from the bottom). In Judaeo-Arabic and Hebrew. Only …

    No Scholarship Records

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  17. 17

    LetterHalper 424

    Informal note in Judaeo-Arabic. Reminding the addressees to give the money to a certain poor man that they had promised to give.

    No Scholarship Records

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  18. 18

    LetterT-S NS 113.45 + T-S NS 152.218

    Recto: Letter of recommendation in Arabic script. Abū Yūsuf Munajjā asks the addressee in Alexandria to help the bearer, Abū l-Faraj the scholar. (Join by …

    No Scholarship Records

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  19. 19

    LetterT-S 12.734

    Letter addressed to a community. In Hebrew and Aramaic. Dating: Probably 11th century. The addressees are instructed to honor, assist, and raise money for (or …

    No Scholarship Records

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  20. 20

    LetterT-S NS J96

    Informal note from Eliyyahu, in Alexandria, to Yefet ha-Kohen ha-Ḥazzan. In Judaeo-Arabic. Urging him to heed the letters that have already been sent from Alexandria …

    No Scholarship Records

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  21. 21

    LetterT-S 13J11.2

    Letter to Eli b. Amram, recommending to him Moshe b. Yosef the Spaniard.


    ‎Address(verso)
    ‏ לאבירי וכבירי כגק מרור עלי החבר יברכהו עליון נורא ‎
    ‏ המעולה בחבורה ביר עמרם הזקן זל ויהי עליו צל וסתרה ‎
    ‏ …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  22. 22

    LetterT-S Ar.42.55

    Letter/petition/recommendation from Ṭalḥa (Nabaṭī?) to a dignitary. In Arabic script. Dating: Probably Ayyubid-era or later, based on hand and formulary. Not addressed to the caliph …

    No Scholarship Records

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S AS 145.325

    Letter of recommendation for charity, probably. Describing an unfortunate man. "... in this city... in all places, because... his condition... he was robbed (nuhiba) of …

    No Scholarship Records

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  24. 24

    LetterENA 3616.10

    Letter from Khayr b. Yūsuf Ibn S[...] to Abū l-Ḥasan Mevorakh, in Fustat. The letter is to be delivered to Fusṭāṭ, al-Murabbaʿa, the shop of …

    No Scholarship Records

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  25. 25

    LetterT-S 20.114

    Letter from Yiṣḥaq b. Benveniste (possibly from Narbonne, France), Dimyāṭ (Damietta), to Yehoshuaʿ b. Dosa asking for letters of recommendation to the government in order …


    ‎(recto)
    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . אש . . ‎ 1
    ‏ . . . . . . . . עם גבורו[ת] . . . . אך . . ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  26. 26

    LetterT-S 8J19.10

    Letter of recommendation from Daniel b. Azarya to Avraham ha-Kohen b. Yitzhak b. Furat. (Information from Gil, Palestine, vol. 2 p. 672, #360). VMR

    ‏ בשמך רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ מוצל הדה אלרקעה אטאל אללה בקא מולאיי אלשיך אלגליל שר העדה פאר הכהונה ‎ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  27. 27

    LetterT-S 18J3.11

    Letter of recommendation. Avraham Maimonides recommends the Nasi ʿOvadya to the community of Bilbays ('to honor him and give him hospitality') after having given special …

    ‏ אלחאל באן לא יקע ‎ 1
    ‏ מן אלגמאעה בר יה ‎ 2
    ‏…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  28. 28

    LetterT-S 13J17.20

    Recommendation letter for an Iraqi merchant who lost everything in a shipwreck. He is advised to write to Abu al-Bishr and his cousin. (Information from …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ אנא שדיד אלאשתיאק אלי רבנו אטאל אללה בקאה ואדאם עלאה ותמכינה וכב…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  29. 29

    LetterT-S Misc.28.207

    Letter from Yosef b. Labrāṭ al-Fāsī (identified on the basis of the handwriting), probably writing from Qayrawān, to Yaʿaqov b. Yosef Ibn ʿAwkal. Refers to …

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  30. 30

    LetterT-S Ar.46.253

    Circular letter written by Shelomo b. Eliyyahu, in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic Dating: Summer 1229 CE. Letter of recommendation for the bearer Ibrāhīm b. Ḥasan, a …

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  31. 31

    LetterENA 3788.5

    Letter of recommendation from Yosef ha-[...] b. Seʿadya ha-Bavli addressed to the communities of Sūra(?) and Qaryat Ismāʿīl(?). Written in Hebrew and Judaeo-Arabic. The bearer …

    1 Transcription

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  32. 32

    LetterT-S Misc.28.80 + T-S Misc.28.81

    Letter of recommendation in the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. In Judaeo-Arabic. He describes the suffering two people underwent and asks for help on their …

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  33. 33

    LetterT-S AS 84.311

    Letter addressed to Shelomo b. al-Gazi(?). In Hebrew. Dating: Late, based on handwriting. This is a letter of recommendation for the bearer (המוביל), who is …

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  34. 34

    LetterT-S NS 257.21

    Letter of recommendation for charity. In Hebrew. Late.

    No Scholarship Records

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  35. 35

    LetterT-S NS 305.61

    Petition / letter of recommendation. In Arabic script. Dating: Perhaps ca. 13th century. From Ibn al-Miṭrān ('son of the bishop'). Seems to be recommending the …

    No Scholarship Records

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  36. 36

    LetterT-S NS J399

    Official letter from the office of one of the later Maimonidean Nagids. Headed with an elaborate Emet. Perhaps instructing Avraham ha-Zaqen to help the bearer …

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  37. 37

    LetterAIU V.B.48

    Letter from Netanel b. Ḥalfon to Moshe Maimonides. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dated: 1 Nisan 1485 Seleucid, which is 1174 CE. Describing the plight of the bearer …

    No Scholarship Records

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  38. 38

    LetterT-S K3.26

    Recto: Letter addressed to Eliyyahu the Judge. In Judaeo-Arabic. This is a letter of recommendation for the bearer, a Persian man (ʿajamī), who is suffering …

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  39. 39

    LetterMoss. VII,149

    Letter of recommendation for charity. In Judaeo-Arabic. The writer asks the addressee to arrange a collection (jibāya) to raise funds for the letter-bearer, the cantor …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ מוצל הדה אלאחרף אטאל אללה ‎ 2
    ‏ בקא מולאי רבנו ואדאם עלא[ה ‎ 3
    ‏ וכבת עדאה(!) אלחזן אל…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  40. 40

    LetterT-S 10J13.13

    Letter of recommendation for the bearer, a certain Yefet, an inhabitant of Fustat, who is said to be a respectable man who fell on hard …

    ‏ שלום עד אין קץ ואין מספר וברכות רבות כחול וכעפ[ר ‎ 1
    ‏ וברית עולם אשר לא יופר וחן מפואר והוד והדר ‎ 2
    ‏ ועטרת רצון וגיל ועלצון ואריכות…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  41. 41

    LetterT-S 10J14.5

    Autograph letter from Avraham Maimonides to his "dear son" (i.e., congenial pupil) Yosef. In Judaeo-Arabic. Avraham excuses his absence from a student's recent wedding, saying, …

    ‏ [עבד?]הא אלדאעי ל[הא] ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  42. 42

    LetterT-S 10J30.11

    Letter in which Avraham Maimonides (1205-1237) recommeds to the judge Perahia and his sons a man who wishes to marry the judge's daughter.

    ‏ הנה אל ישועתי וכול' ‎ 1
    ‏ מוביל זאת האגרת לכבוד ‎…

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  43. 43

    LetterT-S Misc.35.49

    Letter of recommendation written by Avraham b. Yiṣḥaq, 'av bet dinsellekol yisra'el', for Yehoshuaʿ b. Eli and David b. Shemuel.


    ‎TS Misc. Box 35, f. 49, (formerly LOAN 49) ed. Mann, Texts, vol. 1, pp. 352-354, 07-02-90, Y.S. (p) Letter of recommendation written by Abraham b. I…

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  44. 44

    LetterT-S 8J24.6

    Fragment of a letter (right margin, top and bottom cut off). First part discusses the plight of a 'humble' cantor and teacher of small children …

    ‏ ] ופיה אלברכה ויקים ‎ 1
    ‏ ] יעגב מנך אלדי מא חנית עליה יום כמא. . .יק ‎ 2
    ‏ ] לא אבעתת לה קט תחפה פכם יריד אלחזאן אל…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  45. 45

    LetterJRL Series B 4168

    Letter of recommendation from Bū l-Barakāt to a dignitary. In Judaeo-Arabic. Asking for assistance for the bearer. The writer mentions an earlier conversation that took …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ ממלוך אלמולי אלאגל אלשי[ך ‎ 1
    ‏ ואקאם גאהה ורזקה א.[ ‎ 2
    ‏ אנה אהדי ללמולא הדיה ל[ ‎ 3
    ‏ בנכות אל…

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  46. 46

    LetterBodl. MS heb. f 103/39

    Letter of recommendation for charity for the judge Avraham b. Yosef. The addressee is on a boat and about to set out for a voyage. …

    2 Transcriptions

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  47. 47

    LetterT-S NS J294

    Informal note from Hillel b. ʿEli to Eli b. Yaḥya ("al-Parnas al-Neʾeman"). In Judaeo-Arabic. Asking him to look after Ṣedaqa b. Nufayʿ and his father …

    1 Discussion

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  48. 48

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J115

    Letter by Shemuel b. Yiṣḥaq ha-Sefaradi to [Shemarya] b. Elḥanan. In Hebrew. Dating: Early 11th century, probably. Letter of recommendation for a proselyte of noble …

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  49. 49

    LetterENA NS 58.14

    Informal note in Judaeo-Arabic addressed to al-Ḥedvat. Handwriting of Avraham Maimonides. Letter of recommendation for the poor man al-Shaykh al-Kohen al-Talmid Abū l-Riḍā.

    No Scholarship Records

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  50. 50

    LetterT-S 12.192

    Letter from Moses Maimonides (in his own hand with his own signature), in Fustat, to al-Shaykh al-Thiqa, in Minyat Zifta. This is a letter of …

    No Scholarship Records

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