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  1. 1

    LetterT-S 13J20.6

    Personal letter sent by the court clerk Mevorakh b. Natan, apologizing for his younger brother Abu al-Fakhr Yehosef, who had made fun of the son …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ כי ייי יהיה בכסליך ושמר רגלך מלכד ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  2. 2

    LetterT-S 13J24.23

    Sentimental letter sent by a man to his maternal uncle reporting that he and his wife are well and healthy, but perishing from longing for …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .] ואזכאת חיאתה עלי ‎ 1
    ‏ . . .] ואלדי מן סלימאן אבן אכתך מסלם עליך ‎ 2
    ‏ כתיר אלסלאם…

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  3. 3

    LetterT-S 13J24.9

    Family letter sent to New Cairo. Mainly in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Likely 14th–15th century if not later. Starting with biblical quotations and containing greetings to various …

    ‏ בר לקי עמי עשו ‎ 1
    ‏ יענך ייי ב…

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  4. 4

    LetterT-S 13J28.12

    Letter from a father living in the countryside to his son's grandmother residing in Fustat. The father expresses his concerns that bad company is leading …

    ‏ בש רח ‎ 1
    ‏ ואלדי אערפך…

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  5. 5

    LetterT-S 16.295

    Esther writes to her parents in law after having returned from Safed to Cairo, describing how she learned certain needle work and expressing thanks to …

    ‏ בה ‎ 1
    ‏ שלומות רבות לאלפים ורבבות מלפני…

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  6. 6

    LetterT-S 18J3.19

    Letter, detailed, sent from Tripolitania, Libya, by a man to his brother who had settled many years before in Alexandria. Dated August 1089. (Information from …

    ‏ אלי אכי וסיידי ורייסי וגלילי ואתירי אטאל אללה פי ‎ 1
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  7. 7

    LetterT-S 12.65

    Family letter from a brother to his sister trying to dissuade her from marrying a certain man from Syria whom he describes as being 'not …

    ‏ . . . ]א והו יק[ו]ל לנא אן . [ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ תחמל הדא אל…

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  8. 8

    LetterT-S 13J13.22

    Letter from Bū Manṣūr b. Abū Saʿd Shemuel to Avraham al-Maḥallī al-Talmid (the student/scholar). Addressed to Fustat, the synagogue of the Palestinians, situated in Zuqāq …

    ‏ ואמרתם כה לחי ואתה שלום וביתך שלום ‎ 1
    ‏ ממלוכה בו מנצור ‎ …

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  9. 9

    LetterT-S 13J14.6

    Letter containing a note of congratulations for a marriage contract and wishing the new husband a fertile union, citing the biblical blessing conferred on Ruth …

    ‏ לזקיני ופאירי ונזרי וכתר ועטרת ראשי ומחמד עיני ואלופי ‎ 1
    ‏ ומיודעי הוא כב גד מ ור אפרים…

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  10. 10

    LetterT-S 13J15.18

    Family letter sent from Qal'at Ja'bar on the Euphrates River Syria, by a man to his brother, saying that he had learned about the death …

    ‏ וצל כתאב מולאי אלאך אלח. . . אל. . . אטאל אללה בקאה ואדאם עלוה ותאיידה ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  11. 11

    LetterT-S 13J18.23

    Letter from Aharon ha-Kohen b. Namir to ʿEli ha-Kohen b. Moshe. The writer informs the addressee that the item he expects is now on its …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  12. 12

    LetterT-S 10J29.15

    Fragment of a lovely family letter sent from Alexandria by Abu Sa'id al-Bazzaz to his brother, Abu al-Barakat b. Yefet, at the shop of Abu …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . [ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ וע…

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  13. 13

    LetterT-S 10J30.9

    Letter written by a man on behalf of his wife to her brother, inviting him to come out to the countryside for a full month …

    ‏ כאדמהא יוסף ‎ 1
    ‏ כתאבי אלא(!) חצרת מולאי וסיידי אלשיך אלאגל אבראהים ‎ 2
    ‏ אטאל…

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  14. 14

    LetterT-S 10J15.23

    Letter from a husband to his wife after she bore him a daughter while he temporarily left her, waiting until her father gave the couple …

    ‏ יצל הדא אלכתאב אלי ס"ת אלפצלה(!) אטאל אללה בקאהא ואדאם עזהא ‎ 1
    ‏ ונעמאהא ומן חסן אלתופיק מא אכלאהא ואגמעני ואייאהא עלי ‎ 2…

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  15. 15

    LetterT-S 10J17.27

    Letter draft. In Hebrew. Abandoned after the introduction. Addressed to Aharon (identified by Scheiber as Aharon b. Yeshuʿa Ibn al-ʿAmmānī) and conveying blessings to his …

    ‏ להדרת השר האדיר הנכבד החכם והנבון ‎ 1
    ‏ מרינו ורבינו אהרן נטע השכל ונצר היושר ‎ 2
    ‏ וגזע הבין וסעיף הכושר שתיל הדע…

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  16. 16

    LetterT-S 10J20.19

    Letter conveying good wishes for Purim and Passover. (S. D. Goitein, Mediterranean Society, 5:351, 603; and Goitein's index cards) VMR

    ‏ ואער. הא וקד ע . . אללה תעאלי [ . . . . . . . . . . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  17. 17

    LetterT-S NS J499

    Letter from a certain ʿAbd al-Karīm possibly to someone named Ḥasan or Iḥsān (margin, line 1). In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 13th or 14th century, based …

    ‏ מ]חליו ויהיה לו עוזר וס[ומך ‎
    ‏ ו]מעוז ו…

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  18. 18

    LetterL-G Lit. II.140

    Family letter sent by Yosef to Abu al-Ḥasan, informing the addressee that he will come visit on Hanukka and sending his greetings to several people. …


    ‎top margin, straight lines, at 90’ to line 1, upside down
    ‏ …

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  19. 19

    LetterT-S 8J36.8

    Beginning of a letter from Abu al-Faraj to Abu al-'Ala the glassmaker, containing eulogies and ending with an extensive list of greetings. On verso are …

    ‏ אלמלוך אבו אלפרג ‎ 1
    ‏ בשרח ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  20. 20

    LetterT-S 8J38.6

    Private letter to Yefet b. Sasson who is described as 'the Modest,' from the father of Eliezer and ending with greetings to several persons. There …

    ‏ ויהי משגב לדך משגב לעתות בצרה ‎ 1
    ‏ ברכה עודפ…

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  21. 21

    LetterT-S 8J38.8

    Personal letter from Yehuda b. Ya'qub (Yehuda b. Yaʿaqov) to Abu 'Imran in very poor spelling.

    ‏ בשם ייי נעשה ונצלח (!) ‎ 1
    ‏ כתאבי אלא מולי אשיך אבו עמרן אטל(!) ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  22. 22

    LetterT-S Ar.7.9

    Family letter from a son to his father, Abu al-Muna al-Muwaffaq. Two main family matters are discussed. First, the son states that his brother-in-law, a …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ממלוכהא ‎ 1
    ‏ חסן ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S 6J3.22

    Letter from a woman in the countryside to her husband in Fustat. She refuses to join him there in the capital. The letter is to …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ כתאבי אלי סיד כלף אטל אללה בקה ואדאם ‎ 2
    ‏ עזה ונעמאה וגמעני ואיאה עלי אסר ‎ 3
    ‏ חאל ועאפי…

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  24. 24

    LetterT-S 8J24.4

    Family letter in Judaeo-Arabic. In which a woman with a child asks her sister and mother to take more interest in her because of her …

    ‏ געל פדאה ‎ 1
    ‏ בר אכוהא אברהים ‎ 2
    ‏ דמעי אם כמט…

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  25. 25

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 28/64 + CUL Or.1080 J125 + DK 357

    Letter from Abū l-Faraj the father-in-law of Shelomo b. Eliyyahu to his son-in-law Shelomo b. Eliyyahu. In Judaeo-Arabic. Admonishing him to treat his young wife, …

    ‏ ותמן ולא תסאל מא גרי בינו ובין [. . . . . . . . . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ זוק וגבה אלשיך עמראן וטלב מנהא אלכרי ודנו. . ‎ …

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  26. 26

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 50/24

    Letter sent to Sitt al-Ghazal, wife of the judge Eliyyahu b. Zechariah (?), by her elder son (?), Abu Zikri, asking her to put up …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ יקבל ידי אלסת אלואלדה ‎ 1
    ‏ אדאם אללה צונהא וכתר ‎ 2
    ‏ מן מתלהא ומגמלת בהא ‎ 3
    ‏ א…

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  27. 27

    LetterENA 1822a.71

    Letter sent from the Egyptian capital by a man to his brother in the countryside, reporting that their mother is well and praying for him …

    ‏ אלדי אערפך בה בעד אלסלאם ‎ 1
    ‏ עליך אן אלסת בכל נעמ[ה ‎ 2
    ‏ וללה אלחמד וסוא דלך אן ‎ 3
    ‏ כאן אלקמח בד אלויבה כד ‎ 4
    ‏ מנה מא אמכן…

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  28. 28

    LetterENA 1822a.19

    Letter addressed to Sitt al-Khayr. It seems that the writer had learned that Sitt al-Khayr's daughter was going to get married and expresses her expectation …

    ‏ ] ב ר ‎ 1
    ‏ ] אוחש אללה תע מן טלעה אלאכת אלעזיזה ‎ 2
    ‏ אלמו]פקה אלסעידה סת אלכיר אטאל אללה בקאהא ‎ 3
    ‏ …

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  29. 29

    LetterENA NS 2.11

    Letter, extensive and profuse, by a cantor in a provincial town to his widowed mother named Umm Farjun, inviting her to Cairo(?) to visit him …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  30. 30

    LetterT-S 10J10.11

    Letter. Personal letter in which the writer reassures the recipient that he had acted according to his wishes and delivered five letters to his brothers-in-law …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] . . ך אטאל אללה עמרה וכפאה וחמאה ‎ 1
    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] בה ו . . למה כפאני אללה פיה מא…

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  31. 31

    LetterT-S 10J10.18

    Letter. Family letter in which the writer discusses a dispatch of money to be used for wheat and clothing, and expresses desire to be joined …

    ‏ . . ] אסתכרת אללה תעאלי דכרה ואנפדת לכם צחבה מולאי אלשיך אלגליל אבי אסחק ‎ 1
    ‏ . . . . ] בנ(!) אברהם חמדת הנשיאות כמסה דנא ורבאעיין וזנהם כמסה …

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  32. 32

    LetterT-S 10J11.10

    Letter in which the writer asks not to be removed from the addressee's service or friendship. Very effaced. Dated to the late 12th century. (Information …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] . בי תורתין וג ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  33. 33

    LetterT-S 10J11.24

    Letter in Hebrew. The writer of the letter sends his apology and emphasizes he did not intend to offend the addressee. The writer ends (lines …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] . בח וה ה . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ . . . . . . .…

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  34. 34

    LetterT-S 8J13.1

    Recto: Letter on the topic of friendship between two educated young men. In Judaeo-Arabic, possibly with influence from Judaeo-Persian in the iḍāfa constructions, as ציק …

    ‏ ]לך [ ‎ 1
    ‏ ואני מא טב לי עיש בגיבתך פבלה עליך לעלך ‎ 2
    ‏ תרחם גרבתי וצעפי ומא אנא פיה מן ציק יצדר ‎ 3
    ‏ ו…

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  35. 35

    LetterT-S 8J13.22

    Abu Said b. Abu al-Razi writes to his mother in profuse terms but addresses the letter to his brother Abu al-Barakat. (Information from Goitein's index …

    ‏ יאואלדתי ומולאתי וסידתי אלמנעמה עלי ‎ 1
    ‏ אלמחסנה אלי ומן אדאם אללה מדתהא וחרס עלי ‎ 2
    ‏…

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  36. 36

    LetterT-S 8J13.24

    Letter to the doctor Abu Zikri b. Eliyyahu to his brother Shelomo b. Eliyyahu (early 13th century). EMS (Information from CUDL)

    ‏ אלדי אעלם בה חצרה אלשיך אלאגל אלאך אלעזיז אבו זכרי ‎ 1
    ‏ אדאם אללה ‎ 2
    ‏ ינהי לחצרה אלשיך אלאך אלע…

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  37. 37

    LetterT-S 8J15.22

    Letter to the mother of Abū Zikrī, Umm Abū Zikrī (אם אבו זכרי), who is also mother of the referenced Abū al-Barakat and wife of …

    ‏ אלדי אעלם בה אם אבו זכרי דאם עזהא ‎ 1
    ‏ ונעמאהא ובקאהא ואלדי תריד עלמה ‎ 2
    ‏ אללה תעאלי יטמן קלבך עלי אולאדך [כמא ‎…

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  38. 38

    LetterT-S 8J17.22

    Letter from Abu ‘Ali Ḥasan b. Imran in Alexandria to his nephew Abu Musa Harun b. al-Mu‘allim Yaqub, admonishing him for having vowed to maintain …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ בר' ‎ 1
    ‏ אלדי אעלם ולדי וקרה עיני א…

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  39. 39

    LetterMoss. II,195

    Letter. A Maghribi Karaite asks his wife in the most humble terms to come back to him in Cairo. Otherwise, he would marry a girl …


    ‎Recto, main text:
    ‏ בשמ' רחמ' ‎ 1
    ‏ ישא ברכה מאת יי וג' שלום רב ל…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  40. 40

    LetterT-S 13J11.4

    Letter from a woman in Egypt named Maliḥa, living in Byzantium ("Romaniya"), to her brothers Abū Saʿīd and Shelomo asking one of them to come …


    ‎Address (verso)
    ‏ תובל איגרת הלז בשמחות מני אחותכם ‎ 1
    ‏ וגיל אלי כגק אחיי אבוסעיד הנקראת מליח…

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  41. 41

    LetterT-S 13J23.12

    Condolence letter from Eliyyahu Ha-Kohen b. Shelomo Gaon to Avraham Ha-Kohen b. Yiṣḥaq b. Furat.

    ‏ תנחומי ש[ ]רצ ] ‎ 1
    ‏ נחרצות מחוללים [ ]צות יסורים [ ] ‎ 2
    ‏ זעוכים וזעומי …

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  42. 42

    LetterT-S NS J171

    Family letter from Meir b. Hillel b. Sadoq to his son. The letter reflects the personal and economic distress of the writer, who was far …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ [ ] ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  43. 43

    LetterT-S NS J87

    Letter fragment (middle part) in which the writer describes how he was insulted in the synagogue by the scholar, Sheikh al-Najib, but expresses no resent …

    ‏ תמא.א.ך אן כאן . . .[. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ פיא תרי מן געל הדא אלמחאל פי קלבה פחאשאה ‎ 2
    ‏ אן יכון חושד כשרים ויא…

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  44. 44

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J25

    Family letter addressed to a place north of Qus in upper Egypt, beginning with two Hebrew verses from a poem, in which a woman with …

    ‏ בש רח עבדהא אברהם ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  45. 45

    LetterMoss. VII,200

    A family letter written by Meir b. Hillel b. Sadoq to his three brothers. He objects to the marriage of Abu al-Mufadal, one of his …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ וצל כתאב מולאי אלאכוה אלעזיזין אטאל אלבארי פי דואם אלעז בקאהם וכל ‎ 1
    ‏ …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  46. 46

    LetterT-S 12.426

    Letter from Ya'qub to his mother (שקר בנת מבחל?) in Cairo, mainly assuring her that everyone is doing well. Isḥāq recently arrived from the writer's …

    No Scholarship Records

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  47. 47

    LetterT-S 13J18.15

    Letter from a young wife, whose father-in-law was also her uncle and who had a brother living in the same town, asking her mother to …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  48. 48

    LetterT-S 10J17.32

    Letter in which the writer asks his uncle to send a certain document. Refers to different business activities including trade in wheat. (Information from Goitein's …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] . . [ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] . מך ‎ 1
    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] אלדי…

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  49. 49

    LetterT-S 6J3.8

    Letter to a father from his son, reporting business troubles he is having with his brother. The son requests a small loan from his father. …

    ‏ אעלם מולאי אלואלד שצ אנני קד ‎ 1
    ‏ וחלת מע אכי ודלך אנני אשתרית ‎ 2
    ‏ מנה אלעמאמה בסתה וארבעין דרהם ‎ 3
    ‏ וטלבת מנה אן יחאסבני …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  50. 50

    LetterT-S 8J14.27

    Letter from Yeḥiel b. Yiṣḥaq ha-Ṣarfati, in Jerusalem. In Hebrew. Dating: No earlier than 1221 CE, as that is the year Anatoli died. He sends …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . .] ושלמה בני בית . .ם ‎ 1
    ‏ ותודיעו לנו שלוותכם על יד מקדים ‎ 2
    ‏ ונשמח בשמחתכם ופרסו ‎ 3
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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