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  1. 1

    Legal documentENA NS 83.378

    Legal document in Arabic script. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE, as the accounts on verso mention the ashrafī– which was first minted under Sultan …

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  2. 2

    List or tableJRL SERIES B 5273

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: After 1425 CE, as the ashrafī currency is used.

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  3. 3

    LetterJRL Gaster heb. ms 1772/16

    Letter from a man, in Rashīd, to Umm Binyamin. Dealing with business matters. Dating: After 1425 CE, as the ashrafī coinage mentioned was first minted …

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  4. 4

    LetterENA 2741.3

    Letter addressed to a certain Seʿadya or the son of Seʿadya. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE, based on the mention of the …

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  5. 5

    List or tableT-S NS J124

    List of commercial goods. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: no earlier than 1425 CE based on the mention of ashrafīs which were first minted under Sultan al-Ashraf …

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  6. 6

    LetterT-S 10J8.13

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE, based on the mention of the coinage ashrafī– which was first minted under Sultan al-Ashraf Barsbay …

    1. ארבע כתב ללמכא צחבה הרון צהר ר עובדיה תופא מכ
    2. פי גזה תם אני קלת לר אהרן בן קאעת אלדהב קאל אכת[ב
    3. לי כתאב פצטר אלממלו ללמכאדי איצא אכר אכדה ואחד
    4. אסמה …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  7. 7

    LetterT-S AS 146.228 + T-S AS 146.229

    Letter probably from Abū l-Surūr al-Shāmī to Umm Abū l-Faraj, in Fustat, Qaṣr al-Shamʿ. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE, since it mentions …

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  8. 8

    LetterENA 3773.5

    Copies of 2 letters, likely as writing practice. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 19th century, and ca. 1808–39 CE if the maḥmūdī mentioned is the gold …

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  9. 9

    List or tableAIU VII.F.27

    32 pages of Ottoman-era accounts. The fonducli is one of the currencies used, which was first minted in 1725 CE.

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  10. 10

    List or tableENA NS 77.305

    Small fragment of accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Late. Mentions Khalīfa [...] and Salām Jumayl. The word "kalb" appears twice, likely a reference to the "Abu Kalb" …

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  11. 11

    List or tableCUL Or.1080 J82

    Recto (secondary use): Statement of sums due to Shelomo b. ʿAzzūn from Faraḥ b. ʿAṭṭiya for a banker’s note. Lists payments made with cash, with …

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  12. 12

    List or tableT-S AS 204.171

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Currency: ashrafi. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE because the ashrafi was minted first under Sultan al-Ashraf Barsbay in this year.

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  13. 13

    Legal documentENA NS 77.335

    Outline of a legal document. Investment (ʿisqa). In Hebrew. Dating: Ca. 16th century. Shemuel b. Yiṣḥaq איגריליו(?) apparently receives an investment from [...] b. Shelomo …

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  14. 14

    List or tableJRL SERIES B 3265

    Late account of sorts, using western Arabic numerals: "What was collected from the mother: first, ashrafiyya coins: 3; second. . . . " The mention …

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  15. 15

    List or tableCUL Or.1081 J47

    Accounts in Hebrew and Judaeo-Arabic. Late. One side: "What I received from Yaʿaqov b. Khalīfa," then sums in sultanis, jadids, קורון, and ibrahimis. Of the …

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  16. 16

    List or tableENA 3922.8

    Account in Arabic script. Maybe an official/state document. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE, based on the use of the currency ashrafī which was first …

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  17. 17

    LetterENA 2808.40b

    Recto: Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Addressed to a woman. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE, as the ashrafī is mentioned– a coinage type that was first …

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  18. 18

    Legal documentT-S NS 320.70

    Ketubba. Dating: Late, probably no earlier than 15th century. Currency: muayyadi (originally minted under the Mamluks first in 1415 CE). Groom: Yosef b. [...]. Bride: …

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  19. 19

    Legal documentT-S NS 305.77

    Legal document(s) in Arabic script. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE, based on the mention of the ashrafī was which first minted under Sultan al-Ashraf …

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  20. 20

    Legal documentMoss. VII,32.2

    Confirmation of the payment of a loan of 22 'half silvers' (muʾayyadīs), from Yosef, followed by an instruction to return the pledged copy of the …

    1. בה(?)
    2. יקול מצטרהא אלואצע אסמה [
    3. אנני אתצלת מן אלאך יוסף אלסופר . . 
    4. כב נצף פצה ודאלך הוא מא כאן לי ענד
    5. אלאך יהודה כראב(?) זל והו אכר חקי ענדה
    6. וענד ו…

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  21. 21

    LetterT-S 18J3.22

    Beginning of a polite but strong letter to a certain Shelomo concerning communcal matters. Mentions the breaking up of property belonging to the legal cases …

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  22. 22

    Legal documentT-S 8.190

    Beginning of a legal document. Written on parchment. Location: Damascus. The parties are Sason b. Yeshuʿa ha-Levi and David ha-Kohen. One of them confirms that …

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S NS 188.33

    Informal note from Manṣūr b. [...] the Jew to Jamāl al-Dīn. In Arabic script. Dating: No earlier than 1225 CE, based on the currency kāmilī …

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  24. 24

    LetterENA NS 52.10

    Letter from Ibrāhīm Dhabbāḥ to Shelomo ha-Ḥazzan. In Hebrew (for the ornate introduction) and Judaeo-Arabic (for the body). Dating: After 1425 CE, as one of …

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  25. 25

    LetterT-S Ar.7.39

    Letter probably from Sulaymān al-Maghribī, in Gaza, to his brother-in-law ʿAbd al-Wāḥid al-Ṣā'igh, probably in Fustat/Cairo. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Late, after 1425 CE because the …

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  26. 26

    List or tableJRL SERIES C 11

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic and eastern Arabic numerals on verso with occasional notes indicating that specific quantities are in different types of coinage. For example, the …

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    • 1 / 1 leaf, recto
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  27. 27

    Legal documentT-S 16.83

    Recto: deed of sale in Hebrew for a compound in Damascus (a large and small house) at the Market of the Jews, for 280 ʿAzīzī …

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  28. 28

    LetterT-S NS 183.76

    Fragment of a commercial letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: probably 16th century or later based on the reference to the currency buqsha (used in Yemen starting …

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  29. 29

    List or tableT-S AS 204.214 + T-S AS 204.215

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Late. Currencies: cedid, corona (קרונה)– the latter is likely the Spanish escudo minted as early as 1535 CE or the gold excelente …

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  30. 30

    List or tableT-S AS 204.215 + T-S AS 204.214

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Late. Currencies: cedid, corona (קרונה)– the latter is likely the Spanish escudo minted as early as 1535 CE or the gold excelente …

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  31. 31

    LetterT-S 8J21.23

    Letter to a certain Shemuel. In Judaeo-Arabic, in a crude hand. Mentioning the currency nuṣṣ (= nuṣf, which generally refers to the muʾayyadi first coined …

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  32. 32

    LetterT-S 20.119

    Family letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Addressed to numerous family members: ʿAbd al-Ghaffār, Shuqra, the physician Ṣafiyy(?); Qamr; the sender's sister ʿAzīza and her husband Sulaymān, and …

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  33. 33

    Legal documentT-S Ar.42.61

    Legal note. About money taken from a tailor. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE, based on the use of the ashrafī which was first minted …

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  34. 34

    List or tableT-S AS 148.164

    Accounts, mentioning wages and things held by the father of the writer. On verso a signature seal. (Information from CUDL.) In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: No earlier …

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  35. 35

    List or tableBodl. MS heb. e 32/52

    Accounts of Yaḥyā Ḥajabī. In Judaeo-Arabic. Location: Yemen. Currencies used are gurush and zolota (a silver coin minted by the Ottomans to replace the Polish-Lithuanian …

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    • 52 recto
    • 52 verso
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  36. 36

    LetterENA 2740.4

    Business letter. In Judaeo-Arabic. Addressed to somebody in Jerusalem. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE, as values are given in ashrafīs– which were first minted …

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  37. 37

    Legal documentENA NS 19.17

    Debt contract. In Judaeo-rabic. No signatures. Sulaymān owes Luṭfallah 288.5 kāmilī dirhams. He must pay 12 nuqra dirhams at the end of every month. If …

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  38. 38

    LetterENA NS 32.6

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: No earlier than 1425 CE. The writer seems to be beseeching the addressee for a loan of a certain sum of …

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  39. 39

    LetterJRL SERIES B 4351

    Begging letter in Hebrew addressed to the 'community of foreigners (loʿazim) from a widow with five children. Already a recipient of communal charity, the writer …

    1. שלו
    2. שלום רב וישע יקרב לכבוד הקהל הקדוש המשובח הזה קהל
    3. הלועזים חכמי ונבונים גדולי וקטנים ישמרם צורם והשם יהיה
    4. בע[זר]ם אנס שפחתכם העניה האלמנה הדלה אג…

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  40. 40

    LetterT-S NS 320.129a

    Business letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 11th century or early 12th century. Mentions Abū Kathīr; the sender was distressed to learn that the addressee received …

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  41. 41

    List or tableENA NS 37.26

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: No earlier than 1225 CE, based on the use of Kāmilī (dirhams).

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  42. 42

    List or tableENA NS 33.12

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Late, based on currencies, which include גדיד (cedid) and קרונה (the latter is likely the Spanish escudo minted as early as …

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  43. 43

    List or tableENA 2627.51

    Verso: Accounts in a late hand mentioning ashrafi coins and a certain Rivqa. The mention of the ashrafī makes it possible to date this fragment …

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  44. 44

    LetterENA NS 36.3

    Late letter in Judaeo-Arabic from Shemuel Muslim to his uncle (ʿamm) Dāwud b. Berakha. It seems that the writer recently received a letter to the …

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  45. 45

    List or tableENA 3067.26

    List of alphanumerical "expenses / מצרופ" where the Ottoman silver "guruş / גרוש" may be in use but is also possible that "גרוש" is a …

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  46. 46

    LetterENA 2716.11 + ENA 2716.10

    Letterbook in Judaeo-Arabic (fragment) likely eighteenth- or ninteenth-century that contains drafts and possibly copies of business-related correspondence. The letters frequently use the phrase "יא אכי/ …

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  47. 47

    List or tableJRL SERIES C 154

    List in Judaeo-Arabic of coinage types and monetary calculations. Based on the mintage of its contents the list is 18th/19th-century.The types of coinage include gold …

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  48. 48

    List or tableJRL SERIES C 90

    Accounts in Judeo-Arabic that mention a variety of coinage types such as gold maḥbūb (specifically Egyptian mintage "מצרי"), bundūqī (Venetian ducat), fındıklı, and on the …

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  49. 49

    List or tableENA 2991.24

    List of accounts and calculations in Judeo-Arabic related to the weight, value, and prices of "raisins / זביב" (l. 3r, 8r) and other goods. Given …

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  50. 50

    List or tableJRL SERIES C 165

    Accounts related to various coinage types such as gold mahmudiye and kuruş thaqīl (heavy kuruş). The former helps date this fragment as no earlier than …

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