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  1. 1

    LetterT-S NS J351

    Verso: Letter to a family member who had inquired about distant relatives. The writer states that his wife, son, and sister-in-law had died, while his …

    1. דיאר מצר מן אלתגמל ואלכלף ואשיאפאת ואכחאל ומראהם(?)[...
    2. למא כאן יכפאה אלבארי עאלם ואלדתי ביננא צאיעה מא יתטול יזא[...
    3. קד גרי רסמהא תתפצל פי כל וקת ת…

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  2. 2

    LetterENA NS 39.5

    Fragment of an official letter from Fustat addressed to a certain town in the Rīf (or perhaps a circular), exhorting them to be generous and …

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  3. 3

    LetterMoss. II,183.2

    Short note from Abū l-ʿAlā' al-Muʿallim to Abū Saʿīd urging him to send the money quickly because the writer urgently needs to pay the capitation …

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  4. 4

    LetterStras. 4038/9

    Complete calligraphic letter of appeal to Yefet ha-Sar, a Levi, begging for money to help pay the capitation tax for the writer and his two …

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  5. 5

    LetterT-S 13J6.30

    Letter from Yosef to Abū l-Fakhr asking him to help contest his obligation to pay the capitation tax of his brother, who was missing in …

    1. בשם אל עולם יתברך נצח סלה
    2. שארע מן כאדמהא יוסף לכ גד קד מר ורב השר הגדול
    3. בעם ייי צבאות הנדיב והשוע שהוא עשה כמה חסדים
    4. וטובות בסתר ובגל[וי מ]ולאי אלאג…

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  6. 6

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 66/135

    Shelomo urges Abu'l-Makarim in Qalyub (?) to collect money to pay the capitation tax of needy people

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    • 135 recto
    • 135 verso
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  7. 7

    LetterT-S 8Ja1.2

    Letter of appeal for charity from Abū l-Majd to the physician (ḥakīm) Yeshuʿa ha-Levi. In Judaeo-Arabic. The writer needs help paying 20 silver dirhams (nuqra) …

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  8. 8

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J80

    Verso: Letter from a father, unknown location, to his son Baqāʾ, in Fustat. The letter was sent to the shop of Meshullam/Musallam to be held …

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  9. 9

    Unknown typeT-S 8.29

    Letter regarding the payment of the capitation tax.

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  10. 10

    LetterT-S 10J12.4

    Recto: Letter from Futūḥ the cantor to Shemuel and Hayyim and Nasir and their cousins Sadaqa and Yiṣḥaq, congratulating them on their safe return and …

    1. רננו צדיקים בייי שמחו בגודלו צדיקים ות . . . . . . . . שמעו
    2. יברך אל שמואל ראש הנדיבים בחיר האל תפארת המבינים יגדל אל לע . . ו
    3. מעלתו יזכהו ראות שמחת …

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  11. 11

    LetterMoss. II,127.1

    Informal note addressed to Mukarram and Abū Manṣūr. In Judaeo-Arabic. They are requested to convey the dinar they had pledged for the first installment of …

    1. אלשיך מכרם ואלשיך אבו מנצור
    2. ישצ ינעמוא יוצלוא ללשיך
    3. אלאגל אלמכין אבו אלעז אללוי
    4. שצ דינאר עין אלדי אסמוה
    5. פי גבאיה אלגואלי אלמעגלה
    6. יזנה פי גאליה אלחזן…

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  12. 12

    LetterT-S 12.581

    Letter to Abu Imran in which the writer, a perfumer and judge in Minyat Zifta, describes repairs to the local synagogue along with news of …

    1. ממלוך חצרה מולאי ותאג ראסי וסיידי אלעזיז עליי וענדי
    2. אלתלמיד אלגליל אלפאצל אלעאמל אלעאלם אלשיך בן עמראן שצ
    3. יקבל ידיה אלכרימה ומואטי קדמיה וינהי שוקה …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  13. 13

    List or tableT-S K15.94

    List, long, irregularly written, mostly effaced, of males. In many cases sums like 1/3, 1/4 (dinars) 5 qirats added; in other instances, a well-to-do person …

    1. ............................]ה רבע דינר
    2. .....].ים..ל.. חסן בן אברהים
    3. [רב]ע דינר רבעי
    4. ....]ב צדר[י] הבה בן בשר אבו לבוה
    5. [ת]מן ד
    6. ....]..לם אל..[..] [.…

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  14. 14

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J87

    Letter sent by the community of Fustat to a place in the Egyptian Rif, asking to help a Palestinian, as the local people had just …

    1. וחית וצל דניאל דנן אלי מחרוסה מצר והו //ועיאלה// כאנו
    2. כאנו אלגמאעה ברוכים יהיו משגולין ענה בגואלי אלעניים
    3. נייף עלי תסעין עני //אלי אלאן// וזנו גואלי…

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  15. 15

    List or tableHalper 468

    List of persons for whom the capitation tax was to be paid. Late eleventh century. (Information from Halper, Catalogue and Goitein, Med. Soc. II:467)

    הרון אכי אלאכרס ולה רבאעי

    סלאמה בן הרון בצמאן כלף בן קבה

    הבה בן מוסי צבי חנין

    הבה בן //אברהים//

    יוסף בן כלף צבאג //תפליסי//

    סעד בן פרג אלמג

    ברכאת בן …

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  16. 16

    List or tableT-S NS 226.8

    Three much damaged columns, containing about 60 names of male persons, all of low professions. The list contains no numbers and was obviously drawn up …

    1. . . . . . . .]ה[
    2. [. . . . . . . .
    3. . . .]שר. .[
    4. . .]ק[.]. . . .[
    5. אבו [
    6. נתן [
    7. אבו [גא]לב בן[
    8. אהרן ושלמה ו[
    9. לוי ואבנה [
    10. מנחם הזקן [
    11. יצחק בן אליה [
    12. ישוע…

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  17. 17

    LetterENA 2176.14

    Letter fragment from an unknown writer in Syria to 'Rabbenu' in Bilbays. In Judaeo-Arabic. Mentioning the capitation tax (... al-jawālī) in al-Shām and specifically mentions …

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  18. 18

    LetterENA 3927.1

    Letter from Barakāt b. Abū l-Faraj al-Dayyān (=Shelomo b. Eliyyahu) to Abū l-Ḥasan. In Arabic script. Pleading for a loan of 20 dirhams against a …

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  19. 19

    LetterT-S AS 177.599

    Informal note from Abū l-Faraj. In Arabic script. He complains about his illness and inability to go out (on account of the jāliya?). He asks …

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  20. 20

    LetterT-S 6J9.7

    Letter to Mishaʾel ha-Sar from Hiba Ibn Zaʿafrān, a poor inhabitant of Fusṭāṭ. Hiba asks for assistance paying the capitation tax, and has already been …

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  21. 21

    LetterT-S AS 132.237

    Letter fragment (lower right of recto, lower left of verso) in lovely handwriting. Mentions the capitation tax, hunger, and charity. On verso a woman seems …

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  22. 22

    LetterT-S NS 264.11

    Letter of appeal for charity. From Abū l-Majd to al-Shaykh al-Rashīd. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Perhaps 13th or 14th century. The sender is in difficult straits …

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S NS J308

    Letter from Menaḥem to the judge Yehosef. In Judaeo-Arabic. A letter of recommendation poor man who has debts and must pay the capitation tax. Menaḥem …

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  24. 24

    State documentT-S NS 321.47

    Fatimid-era petition. From Muʿammar [...] al-Tūnisī. In Arabic script. He is in trouble on account of the capitation tax and says he does not have …

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  25. 25

    LetterT-S 13J22.9

    The teacher Dawud of Qalyub writes to the judge Shelomo b. Eliyyahu around 1225 complaining about his meagre salary and his inability to pay the …

    1. פרי צדיק עץ חיים
    2. ינהי אלממלוך אלי מגלס אלולד
    3. אלעזיז אלפרע אלנביל אלעאלם
    4. אלעאמל מר ור ברכות התלמיד
    5. החכם המלמד יהי שמו לעולם
    6. ואעלמה אני כתיר אלשוק לסמ…

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  26. 26

    LetterT-S 13J16.10

    Letter from a young man named Sibāʿ, in Alexandria, to his mother, in Fustat, but addressed to his brother Abū l-Najm. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Possibly …

    1. בשמ רחמ
    2. כתאבי אליך יא ואלדתי אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם
    3. עזך ומן חסן אלתופיק לא אכלאך וכבת באלדל חסדתך
    4. ואעדאך גמע אללה ביננא עלי אסר חאל במנה וכרמה
    5. פאנה ול…

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  27. 27

    Legal documentENA 2559.12

    Court case from Fustat, 15 March 1285. The document involves the arrangements for paying the capitation tax (jaliya) in Alexandria and Fustat.

    Recto

    1. [ ] אלסאבע עשר מן שהר [אדר] שני שנת
    2. אלפא וחמש מאיה ותשעין ושבע שנין לשטרות במצר
    3. חצ'רו אלכאדאם אלדי וגבו אלגואל במצר והם הבת אבן
    4. אבו {!} אלפרג …

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  28. 28

    LetterL-G Ar. I.77

    Letter from the Jewish community of Qafṣa (Gafsa), Tunisia, to Yosef b. Yaʿaqov. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Ca. 1016 CE, as it mentions Manṣūr b. Rashīq's …

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  29. 29

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 66/6

    Family letter from the end of the 12th century to Abu al-Faraj b. Abu al-Barakāt, a doctor in Fustat, from his brother in Alexandria. The …

    Recto

    1. בשמ' רחמ'
    2. חצ'רה מולאי וסידי אטאל אללה בקאה ואדאם עזה ומן חסן
    3. אלתופיק לא אכלאה גמע אללה ביננא עלי אסר חאל במנה וגודה
    4. אן שא אללה אלדי תריד עלמה …

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    • 6 recto
    • 6 verso
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  30. 30

    List or tableENA 2591.6

    Collection for the capitation tax - jibayat al-jawali (verso) (for the 6th week of the liturgical year, usually falling in November). As the very small …

    1. גבאיה אלגואלי ש׳ ואלה תלדת יצا
    2. אבי אלפכר לוי עטאר ורק
    3. ולדה אבי אלפצל ורק ⅓ ½
    4. //אולאד אלעודי// ⅓ ½
    5. אבו עמראן לוי עטאר
    6. אבו עמראן כהן עטאר 1/3
    7. אל]מבין …

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  31. 31

    LetterT-S AS 145.195 + CUL Or.1081 J14

    Recto and part of verso: Letter from Moshe b. Levi ha-Levi, Qalyub, to his father in Fustat. He is concerned about how they will pay …

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  32. 32

    State documentENA 3945.5

    Tax reciept for jizya in the name of [..] b. Ghālib with two registrations marks; 'al-ḥamdu lil-lāh al-muʿīn al-dāʾim', praise be to God who is …

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  33. 33

    LetterENA NS 29.7

    Letter. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Early 13th century, as Eliyyahu the Judge is mentioned. The writer greets the addressee as 'brother' and gives him a report …

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  34. 34

    LetterENA NS 42.8

    Letter of appeal. The writer states, "The illness was enough for me, and then the capitation tax assailed me." The tone is aggrieved; he complains …

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  35. 35

    LetterENA 2738.3

    Petition in Judaeo-Arabic with a Hebrew beginning for financial assistance addressed to Rabbenu Avraham, can be dated by script to around the 13th century (i.e. …

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  36. 36

    LetterT-S AS 181.219

    Letter in Arabic script. The writer mentions his distress (al-shidda wa-l-ḍīqa wa-l-khawf). Later (three lines from the bottom) he clarifies that he is scared of …

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  37. 37

    LetterT-S AS 152.89

    Letter mentioning dirhams, the capitation tax, and names such as Benjamin, Jacob and Yaḥyā. The writer asks addressee to give his deference to every single …

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  38. 38

    LetterT-S AS 16.189

    Letter fragment in Judaeo-Arabic. Mentioning the [Head of?] the Yeshiva, the countryside, and the capitation tax (al-jāliya). (Information from CUDL)

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  39. 39

    LetterYevr.-Arab. II 1479

    Letter from Avraham Neḥmad to Moshe b. ʿAbd al-Waliyy. Writer and addressee are Qaraites. Written in Hebrew and Judaeo-Arabic. The letter begins with a recommendation …

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  40. 40

    LetterMoss. VII,194.1

    Letter of appeal from a blind (maḍrūr) man Moshe who is unable to work and distressed on account of the capitation tax. Rather than asking …

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  41. 41

    LetterNLI 577.6/26

    Letter or letter draft from Muʿammar ha-Kohen ("the teacher of Qalyūb") to ʿAmram ha-Kohen, in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Recto consists entirely of pleasantries and flattery …

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  42. 42

    LetterJRL Gaster heb. ms 1772/10

    Letter from an unknown man, in Damietta, to his mother, probably in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic with the address in Arabic script. Dating: Perhaps 13th–15th century. …

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  43. 43

    State documentT-S H15.62

    Petition to the Ayyubid sultan al-ʿĀdil regarding the capitation tax. Dating: ca. 596–615 AH, which is 1200–18 CE. The petitioner asks that his tax rate …

    Verso

    1. العادلى المظفري [     ]ـي .[سلطان]

    2. جيوش المسلمين وادام قدرته واعلا ابدا كـ[ـلمته] ...

    3. المملوك يقبل الارض امامه وينهى الى

    4. رافته واحسانه …

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  44. 44

    LetterENA 2808.17

    Recto: Letter from Shelomo b. Eliyyahu to his father Eliyyahu the Judge. In Judaeo-Arabic. Recommending the bearer, Dā'ūd of Banhā, who is chronically in arrears …

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  45. 45

    LetterENA NS 31.21

    Letter draft from the wife of a drunkard to "sayyidnā." In Judaeo-Arabic, beautifully written. She reports that her husband took her belongings, demanded from her …

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  46. 46

    LetterT-S Ar.40.187

    Letter of appeal in Arabic script. The writer, Faḍā'il al-ʿŪdī b. Baṣīla (?), had lived for 6 years in Alexandria until he had to come …

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  47. 47

    LetterT-S Misc.25.62

    Letter from a Ifrīqiyan merchant writing from Alexandria to Nahray b. Nissim (Fustat) in which the writer outlines his problems with the capitation tax and …

    בשמך רחמנא

    1. כתאבי אטאל אללה בקא מולאי אל שיך אל גליל ואדאם עזה ותאיידה וסעאדתה
    2. ונעמתה וממא אעלמה אן מן וקת אן מצית מן ענדנא מא גרא עלי
    3. קליל מן אגל אל…

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  48. 48

    LetterHalper 358

    Letter to Eliyyahu concerning the thirty-dirham balance of the capitation tax (jizya) owed by Abu al-Makarim, who is in great need of it because he …

    1. בשמ רחמ
    2. כאן קד תקדם קולי ללמילי אלשיך אלאגל מר ור אליה שצ
    3. פי מעני אלשיך בי אלמכארם באנה קד בקי עליה מן אלגזיה
    4. ל דרהם והו פי שדה ואל גמעה ירסם עליה א…

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  49. 49

    LetterENA NS 2.4

    Letter sent from Minyat Zifta by Abu al-Baha b. al-Mashmia to his father. The writer reports that his brother was caught by capitation tax collectors …

    1. בש רח
    2. קד עלם כאלק אלמוגודאת מא עלי קלבי
    3. מן אלשוק ואלוחשה אלי חצרה אלואלד אלעזיז שצ
    4. חפצה אללה תעאלי וכפאני פיה כל מחדור
    5. וסואה אני משתאק אלי אלחצרה כת…

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  50. 50

    LetterENA NS 21.12

    Letter from the office of Yehoshua Maimonides dealing with the capitation tax and with the kashrut of meat, first half of the 14th c.

    1. כק ונוגשיך צדקה וכאצה אלגאליה אנהא
    2. ען דם אלאנסאן ובהא יעמל אלישראלי
    3. דינה שבת ומועדים וכפור וגמיע מא
    4. יכתאר פי דינה ולא לאחד ישוש עליה השם
    5. למען שמו יפ…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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