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  1. 1

    LetterT-S NS J487

    Informal note addressed to a certain Abū ʿAlī. In Judaeo-Arabic. Verso is a draft of recto. The addressee is asked to go to the sender's …

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  2. 2

    Legal documentT-S 10J6.11

    Legal query addressed to Maṣliaḥ Gaon. In Judaeo-Arabic. Scribed by Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Signed by Natan ha-Kohen b. Shelomo, Nathan b. Shemuel he-Ḥaver and Ḥalfon …

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  3. 3

    Legal documentT-S 16.233

    Legal document in the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Fragment (long vertical strip from the middle of the document). Dating: ca. 1135 CE, according to …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  4. 4

    LetterUPenn E 16522

    Letter from a Jewish shipowner from Alexandria. Dating: ca. 1212 CE. He provides an exciting story about traveling to Cyprus but being diverted by a …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  5. 5

    LetterT-S 10J7.12

    Fragment of a letter from Abū ʿAli b. al-Dimyāṭī to his brother Abu Saʿīd b. Hibat Allah (Ḥalfon b. Netanel). The writer mentions the silk …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ באלחריר ואנא... ‎ 3
    ‏ פי אסרע וקת יאכי ומו[לאי]... ‎ 4
    ‏ אללה תבארך ותעאלי סרור יד[כל]... ‎ 5
    ‏…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  6. 6

    LetterENA NS 48.29

    Letter addressed to Sitt Shaʿl, in Dār al-Nāqa, Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. The handwriting is distinctive, with stylized loops at the end of all the descenders. …

    No Scholarship Records

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  7. 7

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J271

    Letter from Avraham b. Abi al-Hayy, from Alexandria, to his brother Musa. Around 1075. The writer is worried about their sister, Jarba, who is about …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  8. 8

    LetterT-S Ar.48.113

    Letter fragment to an unidentified physician. In Judaeo-Arabic. The format is notable: written in a narrow column, with the width of the margin almost equal …

    No Scholarship Records

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  9. 9

    LetterT-S Ar.40.184

    Letter from a man in Minyat Ghamr to his brother Maḥfūẓ in Fustat. In Arabic script. The writer has been ill, and people tell him …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ من اخوه [. . . . . .] ‎ 1
    ‏ الذي اعلم به الاخ العزيز محفوض ‎ 2
    ‏ الله تعالى وينهي ان مملوكه في ‎ …

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  10. 10

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J214

    Letter fragment from Shabbetay b. Avraham he-Ḥaver (the judge of Minyat Zifta, active 1135–78) to Natan b. Shemuel he-Ḥaver. This is the upper margin and …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ ואנא מריץ לאן כאן קד בקי פי רגלי ‎ 1
    ‏ עצם כרג בעד אן שדת עליה ‎…

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  11. 11

    LetterT-S 13J28.6

    Letter from Nissim b. Ḥalfon, probably from Tinnīs, to Nahray b. Nissim, Fustat. Dating: Probably from November 17, 1046. The letter contains personal information: the …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  12. 12

    LetterBodl. MS heb. e 98/73

    Letter, Somewhat cryptic. "As for what you mentioned about the istiʿmāl and the musakhkhināt (warming drugs?) and the [...], and as the 'season' (of illnesses?) …

    No Scholarship Records

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  13. 13

    LetterT-S AS 152.34

    Letter to a doctor with his reply (CUDL). "Medical enquiry to a doctor with his reply. This document type is a responsa type dealing with …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  14. 14

    LetterT-S 13J23.14

    Letter from Abū Zikrī Yehuda b. Yosef (active 990s–1030s CE), in Qayrawān, to his brother-in-law ʿAyyāsh b. Nissim. The sender reports that the addressee's son …

    ‏ אטאל אללה אכי וסידי אלעזיז עלי בקאך וחפצך ווקאך ואדאם נעמאך ‎ 1
    ‏ כתאבי אליך ערב צום כיפור תקבלה אללה מנא ומנך ו…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  15. 15

    LetterT-S 10J6.5

    Letter from Natan b. Yehuda of Alexandria to Sasson b. Meshullam, a judge of Cairo. The letter contains many personal matters that reflect the milieu …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ בש' ‎ 1
    ‏ לגברא …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  16. 16

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J78

    Fragment of a letter from Yisrael b. Natan, Jerusalem, probably to Nahray b. Nissim, Fustat. The letter deals with trades, especially of fabrics. Yisrael b. …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ כתאבי יאסידי ומולאי אלעזיז עלי אטאל אללה בק[אך ואדאם] ‎ 1
    ‏ נעמאך מן אלקדס עמרה אללה יד כלון מן כסליו ואלח[אל סלאמה] ‎ 2
    ‏ ונע…

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  17. 17

    List or tableT-S J1.26

    Exact account of expenses for a distinguished, sick foreigner, showing also how these expenses were covered. Written by Natan b. Shelomo ha-Kohen (active in Fustat …


    ‎left column
    ‏ שבט ‎ 1
    ‏ אלדי כרג יום אלגמעה ‎ 2
    ‏ מזונות ר אלעזר…

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  18. 18

    LetterT-S NS 324.73

    Letter. In Judaeo-Arabic. "Your friend, my brother Abū Bishr Al-Ṭabīb (the physician) sends his regards and asks you to honor him with whatever you need. …

    No Scholarship Records

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  19. 19

    LetterAIU XII.117

    Recto: Letter from "your student Bū l-Majd" to a high-ranking physician. In Arabic script. The writer asks the addressee in formal terms to come by …

    No Scholarship Records

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  20. 20

    LetterT-S 8J22.11

    Informal note from an unknown writer to R. Ḥiyya. In Judaeo-Arabic. The writer requests the excellent jug of wine (al-nabīdh al-mamzūj) that Ḥiyya had promised …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ כאנת חצרה מולאי רבנא חייא תפארת היראים קד ‎ 2
    ‏ ועדת יום א…

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  21. 21

    LetterENA NS 34.14

    Fragment from the beginning a letter in Judaeo-Arabic, in lovely and distinctive handwriting. The writer has been forced to stay in a funduq due to …

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  22. 22

    LetterT-S Misc.25.130

    Letter from Ṣāliḥ b. Dā'ūd, in Tinnīs, to Nahray b. Nissim, in Fustat. Dating: ca. 1055 CE. Regarding the debt and goods belonging to the …

    2 Transcriptions

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S 12.789

    Letter from the judge Natan b. Shelomo ha-Kohen (dated documents 1125-50), in Fustat, to his cousin Ṭoviyya b. ʿEli, in a provincial town. In Judaeo-Arabic. …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  24. 24

    Legal documentHalper 357

    Legal document in Arabic script. A woman named Jamīla has an eye disease and contracts Hibat Allāh b. Ibrāhīm b. Yaʿqūb al-Yahūdī to treat her. …

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  25. 25

    LetterT-S 10K15.9

    Recto: Letter fragment in Judaeo-Arabic addressed to Abū l-Faraj. Only the opening remains. Verso: Letter from Shelomo (likely Shelomo b. Eliyyahu) to his father. In …

    No Scholarship Records

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  26. 26

    LetterT-S 13J22.28

    Letter from Ibn Ibrāhīm b. Ṭībān to his brother-in-law Abū l-Afrāḥ ʿArūs b. Yūsuf. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: late 11th century. Shortly after these two parted …

    ‏ קד עלם אללה שדה שוקי אלי מולאי ‎ 1
    ‏ אלשיך אטאל אללה בקאה ואדאם ‎ 2
    ‏ [ע]זה ען ח…

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  27. 27

    LetterF 1908.44Z

    Informal note from the cantor Abū Sahl Levi to his son Moshe b. Levi ha-Levi (identification based on handwriting and typical content). In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ בש[ ] ‎ 1
    ‏ [ ] אללה תעאלא ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  28. 28

    LetterT-S AS 152.4

    Letter in which a patient reports to his physician, describing his illness and asking for a prescription. Full translation by Goitein, Mediterranean Society, V, 105. …

    ‏ בר ‎ 1
    ‏ יא מולאי אלרייס אבו אלרצא ‎ 2
    ‏ תעלם חצרתך ואני נפצתני ‎ 3
    ‏ אלברד ואלחמא מן…

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  29. 29

    LetterENA 2805.10

    Letter from Isḥāq b. ʿAlī al-Majjānī, probably in al-Mahdiyya, to Nahray b. Nissim, in Fustat. Dating: Aound 1040. In Judaeo-Arabic. The letter deals with disagreements …

    2 Transcriptions

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  30. 30

    LetterT-S 13J8.4

    Letter from an unknown writer, in Alexandria, to Maṣliaḥ Gaon, in Fustat. Dating: 1127–38 CE. In Judaeo-Arabic and Hebrew. The purpose of the letter is …

    ‏ בש רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ אלממלוך ינהי אלי חצרה סידנא …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  31. 31

    LetterT-S 12.693

    Detailed business and personal letter from Alexandria to Fustat. The letter narrates the difficult situation in Alexandria during a siege, probably al-Afdal's siege of 1094, …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ קד עלם אללה תעלי מסרתי בוצול מולאי אלשיך ‎ 1
    ‏ …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  32. 32

    LetterT-S NS J354

    Strongly formulated note by the prominent judge Natan b. Shemuel to a prominent member of the community, urging the man to send him money for …

    ‏ אעלם מולאי אלגביר חפצה אללה אן קד צבח ענדי מרצא ‎ 1
    ‏ עלי חאל צעב ונחן מחתאגין אלי שראבאת ‎ 2
    ‏ וגיר דלך פתנעם תסייר לכאד…

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  33. 33

    LetterCUL Or.1081 J5

    Letter sent by a physician from Qalyub, who had opened an office in Fustat, inviting his wife (who is his paternal cousin) to join him …

    ‏ בה ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  34. 34

    LetterT-S 13J6.15

    Letter from Yosef b. Peraḥya Yijū, in Mazara, writing to an important merchant, also in Sicily., ca. 1154. Yosef states that his sins are the …


    ‎III, 57
    ‏ אטאל אללה בקא מולאי וסיידי ואדאם ו[קאה וצאנ]ה וחרמתה קד ג..... ‎ 1
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  35. 35

    LetterMoss. II,198

    Letter from Saʿdān to ʿEli. In Hebrew and Judaeo-Arabic. The sender reports that he is prostrated in his house (maṭrūḥ fī l-bayt) and the doctor …

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  36. 36

    LetterF 1908.44C

    Letter from Avraham b. Abī l-Ḥayy, Alexandria, to his brother Mūsā, Fusṭāṭ, around 1075 CE. The writer, whose livelihood depends on payments from the addressee, …

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  37. 37

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 28/40

    Letter from Natan b. Nahray, from Alexandria, to Nahray b. Nissim, Fustat. Probably 1063. Natan wrote the letter 10 days before Passover. The writer is …

    2 Transcriptions

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  38. 38

    LetterT-S 16.307

    Letter from a man, in al-Maḥalla, to his son or younger relative. In Judaeo-Arabic, elegantly written. Lines 1-4: A Judaeo-Arabic poem, damaged. Lines 5-12: Opening …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ ו[. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]רב לא ע[ ‎ 1
    ‏ ופארקת שיכא כנת א[. . . .]בה ארא בעדה אלאיאם והי ליאלי ‎ 2
    ‏ לאן קרב אלל…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  39. 39

    LetterENA 3962.5

    Letter from a physician in Arabic script giving detailed instructions for the care of a sick man, especially about diet, baths, and regimen. It concludes …

    No Scholarship Records

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  40. 40

    LetterT-S 12.414

    Letter from Moshe b. Levi ha-Levi, Qalyub, to a family member in Fustat, dealing with sundry small business matters. He orders walnuts, sugar, and Sinnārī …

    1 Transcription

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  41. 41

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 66/60

    Letter from Yosef b. Yeshuʿa, in Tripoli (Syria), to Nahray b. Nissim. The letter mentions Nahray's pilgrimage to Jerusalem and shipments of emblic myrobalan and …

    ‏ כתאבי יאשיכי וסידי ומולאי אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם עזך ותאידך ונ[עמאך] ‎ 1
    ‏ וסעאדתך…

    2 Transcriptions

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  42. 42

    LetterT-S 8J16.27

    Letter from Natan b. Shelomo ha-Kohen, Fustat, to his cousin Toviyya b. Eli ha-Kohen, in a smaller town, in which the writer refers to the …

    ‏ כתבת הדה אלאחרף אלי מולאי אלחבר נט רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ ענד כתרה שוקנא לכתאבה אד קד אנקטע ענא ‎ 2
    ‏ מדה ארגו יכ…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  43. 43

    LetterT-S 13J18.20

    Letter from an army doctor, in Ashmūm Ṭannāḥ (present-day Ashmūn al-Rummān), to his son, in an unknown location. The purpose of the letter is to …

    ‏ ואלדה כפי פיה אלאסוא ‎ 1
    ‏ וצל כתאב אלולד אלאגל אלעזיז אטאל אללה בקאה וכבת אעדאה ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  44. 44

    LetterL-G Glass 15

    Calligraphic letter sent to a notable, possibly the Nagid Mevorakh b. Saadya, asking him to help Natan ha-Kohen, the legal representative of the writer's family, …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]עיה ורעא[ה . . . [אללה ‎ 1
    ‏ תעאלי יגעל פיך אלברכה וימלא בך מקום ‎ 2
    ‏ אבותיך יא.[. . . …

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  45. 45

    LetterT-S NS 99.58

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Fragment. One side deals with routine business matters. The other side reads, ". . . out of your favor (inʿāmak), prescribe for …

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  46. 46

    LetterT-S AS 145.6

    Letter from Mevorakh b. Natan ha-Ḥaver (judge in Fustat, 1150–81) to Shabbetay b. Avraham (judge in Minyat Zifta, 1135–78). Concerning (1) a muqaddam who has …

    1 Discussion

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  47. 47

    LetterAIU VII.A.18

    Letter from a man entitled “segan ha-yeshiva” to Aharon the Cantor. Dating: Possibly ca. 1035 CE, based on Goitein identification of the addressee with Aharon …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ סגן הישיבה ‎ 1
    ‏ מ׳ר׳ אהרן החזן תשא ברכה ושלום ‎ 2
    ‏ נאלני מרץ צעב ואנא אלי אלאן פי בקיתה ‎ 3
    ‏ מ…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  48. 48

    LetterT-S 12.361 + T-S 8J22.9

    Letter from Avraham Ibn Miṣbāḥ, in Alexandria to Eliyyahu the Judge, in Fustat. Written in the hand of Avraham ha-Melammed b. Yefet. "I arrived in …

    2 Discussions

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  49. 49

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J232

    Recto and beginning of verso: Letter from a sick man to a physician. In Judaeo-Arabic. He reports that he has collected the prescription that the …

    1 Transcription

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  50. 50

    LetterT-S Ar.39.9

    Letter from a sick man to a physician. In Arabic script. The verso is written at 90 degrees to the recto, which is unusual, but …

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