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  1. 1

    LetterT-S 12.216

    Letter from Saʿīd b. Marḥab, in Aden, to Shelomo b. Yehuda ha-Kohen, probably in Fustat. Dating: Mid-12th century. In Hebrew (for the long, eloquent introduction) …

    1 Transcription

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  2. 2

    LetterT-S NS 264.1

    Letter fragment from Saʿīd b. Marḥab, in Aden, to Abū l-ʿAlā b. Abū Naṣr ha-Kohen, probably in Fustat. In Hebrew (for the introduction) and Judaeo-Arabic …

    2 Transcriptions

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  3. 3

    LetterBL OR 5535.2

    Letter from Avraham b. Mu'ti Tilimsani, having arrived safely in Aydhab, to Abu Sa'd b. Azhar, in Fustat. He provides an update on a matter …

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  4. 4

    Unknown typeHalper 405

    Awaiting description

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  5. 5

    List or tableT-S Ar.54.20.1–2

    Two bifolios from a ledger of accounts. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 11th or 12th century. The hand may be known.

    No Scholarship Records

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  6. 6

    List or tableT-S K15.98

    Estate of Nissim b. Yaʿqūb, a merchant who died in Suakin (present-day Sudan) on Monday, 7 Shaʿbān 503 AH (approximately 1110 CE). The handwriting appears …

    2 Transcriptions

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  7. 7

    LetterT-S 16.262

    Letter from Moshe b. Labrāṭ, in al-Mahdiyya, to the Head of the Jews of Egypt (Moshe b. Mevorakh) asking him to assist the son of …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  8. 8

    LetterT-S 16.308

    Letter from Daʿūd Fasī to the cloth merchant Abū l-Afraḥ ʿArus b. Joseph. (Information from CUDL.) See also Goitein notes below.

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  9. 9

    LetterT-S 16.298

    Commercial letter sent from Isaac and Joseph (probably in Babylonia) to Judah ha-Sar, mentioning a voyage to India and commodities including gold and silver slag …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  10. 10

    Unknown typeT-S 8J23.20

    Judge Elijah orders a white "burda", some handwriting exercises at the bottom

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  11. 11

    Legal documentT-S Ar.54.20.3

    Fol. 3: Legal document. Left side of an agreement with a wife that she would receive the rent from the middle story of a house, …

    1. ]ע וכיל אלשיך אסחק אלנפוסי בר מכלוף
    2. ]ן נע עלי גמלה כרי אלדאר גמיעהא ויחאסב
    3. ] ללבדי אגרה אלטבקה אלוסטאניה אלדי געלהא להא
    4. עא]ם אול שנת אתלז ממא בקי ענ…

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  12. 12

    LetterT-S 13J18.2

    Letter from a Jewish trader in India to his partner in Egypt. In Judaeo-Arabic. Among many other matters, he mentions donations to pilgrimage sites in …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  13. 13

    LetterT-S Ar.39.480

    Letter from Ṭāhir, in Qūṣ, to his mother, in Alexandria. In Arabic script; large, very regular characters. Dating: Possibly 11th century. Goitein notes that this …

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  14. 14

    LetterT-S 8Ja1.4

    Letter from an unknown writer in Qūṣ to an unknown addressee in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: 12th century. The writer reports that the children and …

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  15. 15

    LetterT-S 13J21.6

    Letter from [...] b. Yaʿqūb to Abū l-Afrāḥ ʿArūs b. Yosef. In Judaeo-Arabic, with the address in both Judaeo-Arabic and Arabic script. Mentions commodities such …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  16. 16

    LetterT-S 13J24.22

    Letter from a woman named Najma, in Fustat/Cairo (l. 4), to her father Moshe Perdonel. Dating: ca. 16th century. There is a detailed summary in …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  17. 17

    LetterT-S 10J16.1

    Letter from ʿAllān b. Ḥassūn, in Sindābūr (India), to his uncle and father-in-law ʿArūs b. Yosef, in Fusṭāṭ,. In Judaeo-Arabic. He found a slow market …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  18. 18

    Credit instrument or private receiptT-S NS 320.58

    Order of payment. In Judaeo-Arabic. In which Tamīm b. Yaʿaqov asks Abū Saʿīd to give Abū l-Ḥasan b. Masʿūd the price of the bundle (ṣurra) …

    1. בשמ
    2. אלמסאול מן תפצל מולאי אלשיך אבו
    3. סעיד כבת אללה אעדאה יסלם למולאי אלשיך
    4. אבי אלחסן בן מסעוד תמן אלצרה אלבאן
    5. לאנה קד תפצל ועמל לי קליל יין ושלום
    6. עבד…

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  19. 19

    LetterENA 4020.8

    Letter from Makārim b. Mūsā Ibn Nufayʿ, in ʿAydhāb, to (his son-in-law?) the ḥaver Yeshuʿa b. Yoshiyya(?) the descendant of Shemaʿya Gaʾon, in Fustat. In …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  20. 20

    LetterBodl. Ms Heb. d 66/137

    Letter from Makhlūf b. Mūsā to Abū Zikrī Yehuda b. Yosef ha-Kohen Sijilmāsī (aka Abū Zikrī Kohen). In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: first half of the 12th …

    2 Transcriptions

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    • 137 recto
    • 137 verso
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  21. 21

    LetterENA 2741.4

    Letter from Saʿīd b. Marḥab, in Aden, to Abū Zikrī b. ʿAṭiyya. Dating: mid-12th century. Apart from the introduction and address, only about a dozen …

    2 Transcriptions

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  22. 22

    LetterT-S 8.69

    Letter from Makhlūf b. Mūsā. Dealing with the India trade. Dating: Mid-12th century. Mentions names such as Zikrī b. Sar Shalom; Maḥrūz; Ben Yiju; Ibn …

    2 Transcriptions

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S 8J40.1

    Letter from Makhlūf b. Mūsā to Abū ʿAlī Yeḥezqel b. Netanʾel Dimyāṭī. Accusing him and Abū Naṣr b. Elishaʿ of conspiring to cheat him out …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  24. 24

    Legal documentT-S 16.23 + T-S AS 166.95 + T-S 10J5.2

    Legal document. Record of release; partnership renewal. Written in the hand of Hillel b. ʿEli. These two fragments are part of single document, which contained …

    1 Transcription 2 Discussions

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  25. 25

    LetterBodl. MS heb. b 11/19

    Letter from Khalaf b. Yiṣḥaq to Abū ʿImrān Mūsā b. Ṣedaqa Ibn Nufayʿ. In Judaeo-Arabic. The sender sent previous letters with Sālim b. Efrayim, including …

    2 Transcriptions

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    • 19 recto
    • 19 verso
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  26. 26

    LetterT-S 13J21.1

    Letter from Moshe b. Yefet to Tamīm b. Yaʿaqov ha-Kohen (apparently a merchant trading in the East). Dated: Monday, 8 Adar I 1421 Seleucid, which …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  27. 27

    LetterT-S 6J1.5

    Letter to Abū Zikrī Yehuda b. Yosef ha-Kohen Sijilmāsī (d. ca. 1149). In Judaeo-Arabic. Mentions goods such as garments and soap. Contains a request to …

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  28. 28

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 13/24

    Letter from a certain Yosef, in Aden, to Yosef Ibn Shanju, in Fustat/Cairo. In Hebrew. Dating: Early 16th century, based on the greetings to Efrayim …

    3 Transcriptions

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  29. 29

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J178

    Letter from Barakāt b. Khulayf to ʿArūs b. Yosef. In Judaeo-Arabic. Concerning a shipment of tartar and a report about the arrival of ships from …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  30. 30

    LetterENA NS 48.4

    Letter from Yūsuf b. Ibrahīm to Abū ʿImrān Ibn Nufayʿ. In Judaeo-Arabic, with the address in both Judaeo-Arabic and Arabic script. Long and well-preserved. Concerning …

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  31. 31

    LetterT-S Ar.41.108

    Business letter in Arabic script from Ibrāhīm b. Hillel to Abū l-Afrāḥ ʿArūs b. Yosef (who ʿAodeh thinks was in India at the time), mentioning …

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  32. 32

    LetterMoss. Ia,18

    Business letter from Aden to ʿAydhāb, mentioning Yīṣḥaq al-Nafūsī and Hiba Ibn al-Dabbāgh (‘the tanner’), referring to ships and dinars. (Information from CUDL.) [NB: PGP …

    2 Transcriptions

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  33. 33

    LetterBL OR 5566D.6

    Letter from Nahray b. ʿAllān in ʿAydhāb to his son ʿAllān b. Nahray in Alexandria concerning shipments. Based on a letter from another India trader …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  34. 34

    LetterBodl. MS heb. e 98/71

    Letter from Yaḥyā b. ʿEli Kohen Fāsī, in Fustat, to Abū l-Afrāḥ ʿArūs (aka Avraham?) b. Yosef, in Alexandria. Dating: ca. 1080 CE. Yahya, probably …

    Recto:

    1. כתאבי אלי מולאי וסידי [אטאל אללה באקה
    2. ואדאם תאיידה וסעא[דתה
    3. וגמיל צנעה וקד עלם אללה שדה שוקי אליה בחית לא
    4. אטיק וצפה קרב אללה אלגמע בה עלי אסר…

    3 Transcriptions

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  35. 35

    List or tableT-S 8K22.2

    Karaite Nesiim. A memorial list.

    (fol. 1 recto)

    1. דכרן טאב לניחא נפשתה לזיכר
    2. המשפחה המיוחשה משפחת בית
    3. דויד הנשיאים השרים הנכבדים
    4. עד כבוד גק מו נו וע רו יפת הנשיא
    5. הגדול וכגק מור נו וע …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  36. 36

    LetterENA NS 2.29

    Business letter in Arabic script from Khalaf b. Yiṣḥaq, in Aden, to Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAllān b. Ḥassun, in Fustat. Reused on verso for Judaeo-Arabic accounts …

    Recto:

    1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    2. كتبت اطال الله بقا حضرة مولاي الشيخ الاجل وادام تاييده وعلاه ونعمته
    3. وسناه وتكمينه وكبت اعداه من عدن عن حال سلامة وعافي…

    4 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  37. 37

    LetterJRL Series A 284

    Letter in what Goitein identifies as the handwriting and style of well-known India trader Abu Nasr Avraham informing recipient about events, apparently taking place in …

    1. ]פי דהלך [...............
    2. ]. פי אלגזר [.............
    3. ]בדהלך יח יומא ברי[ח
    4. ]אללה אן י..נא ריח אלסלאמה
    5. ] ואמא אלמ... פקד איסנא
    6. ]ארו. קע ווצל אנסאן מן …

    3 Transcriptions

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  38. 38

    LetterCUL Or.1081 J1

    Letter from David Maimonides, in ʿAydhāb, to his brother Moses Maimonides, in Fustat. Dating: ca. 1170 CE. This is the last letter David wrote before …

    Verso:

    1. אלי אכי ואלעזיז עלי ר מש[ה ביר] מימון זצל
    2. דוד אכיך אלשאיק אליך גמע אללה בך עלי אסר חאל במנה
    3. כתבת אליך הדא אלכתאב מן עידאב ואנא עלי גמלה אלסלא…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  39. 39

    Legal documentF 1908.44A

    Recto (written later): Legal document written and signed by Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Also signed by Mevorakh b. Natan. Dated: last decade of Tishrei 1428 Seleucid …

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  40. 40

    LetterENA 2560.5

    Letter from Yiṣḥaq b. Yosef to a certain [son of] Natan he-haver. The letter mourns the passing of Madmun (the Nagid of Yemen) and is …

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  41. 41

    LetterT-S 8J17.16

    Letter from Alexandria sent around 1120 C.E. from a Maghribi merchant, Makhlūf b. Musa al-Nafusi (Ibn) al-Yatim, who proclaims that a friend carried for him …

    1. צדרת כתבי לחצרה מולאי אלשיך אלגליל אטאל
    2. אללה בקאה ואדאם תאיידה ונעמאה וכבט
    3. אעדאה ולם ארי לאחדהא גואב ואעלמה אנני
    4. אנפדת אליה מע אלשיך אבו אלוליד יונס…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  42. 42

    LetterBL OR 10578B.1 + T-S 8J15.28

    Description from BL OR 10578B.1: Letter from Maʿānī, in an unknown location, to his brother Mūsā, in Fustat. The letter is in Judaeo-Arabic with the …

    Recto

    1. ב
    2. אכוה מעאני
    3. אלדי אערף בה אכי אלעזיז אטאל אללה בקאה
    4. וגמע שמלי בה קריב אן שא אללה וסוא דלך
    5. בחק אללבן אלדי אתראצענאה ואלבטן
    6. אלדי חמלנא ובחק . ב …

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  43. 43

    State documentT-S Ar.30.273

    Fatimid petition to al-Āmir bi-Aḥkām Allāh from a Jewish merchant, Mūsā b. Ṣadaqa, who was detained unlawfully after his return from India and Yemen with …

    Recto

    1. العبد المملوك

    2. موسى بن صدقة التاجر اليهودي

    3. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    4. صلوات الله وبركاته ونوامى زكواته وافضل سلامه وتحياته على مولانا

    5. وسيد…

    Recto

    1. The servant and slave

    2. Mūsā ibn Ṣadaqa, the Jewish merchant.

    3. In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate.

    4. The benedictions of God…

    4 Transcriptions 2 Translations

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  44. 44

    LetterT-S G1.61

    Letter from Abū l-Faḍl, in Alexandria, to his son Ismāʿīl al-Fāṣid al-Yahūdī, in Aden. In Judaeo-Arabic with the address in Arabic script. Dated: Iyyar (=Shawwāl) …

    2 Transcriptions

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  45. 45

    LetterT-S 8J17.15

    Letter from ʿAllān b. Ḥassūn, in 'Aydhab, to his sons, before embarking again for the east. He reports that he had dismissed his traveling companion …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  46. 46

    Legal documentCUL Or.1080 J137

    Legal document. Partnership. Dated: 1215-1216 CE. This fragment emerged from the court of Avraham Maimonides. The partners ʿImrān Moshe al-Iskandarī b. Bū Manṣūr ha-Zaqen and …

    Recto

    1. [the y]ear one thousand five hundred and twenty-seven [years (of the Era) of Documents, in Fusṭāṭ Egypt,]
    2. [si]tuated [on the Nile River,] jurisd…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  47. 47

    LetterHalper 405

    Fragment of a business letter from Iṣḥaq b. Aharon Sijilmāssī (Fustat) to Avraham (ʿArūs) b. Yosef (Alexandria), ca. 1080. Iṣḥaq b. Aharon reports about money …

    recto

    1. סידי אלעזיז עלי אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם עזך

    2. ותאידך ונעמאך ומן חסן תופיקה לא אכלאך נעלמך

    3. סלמך אללה אן וזנת ענך פי אלדיואן ד דנ> וח קראריט

    4. ו…

    2 Transcriptions

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  48. 48

    LetterT-S 24.78

    Letter containing the testimony of Makhlūf, a respectable merchant, who had to flee from Alexandria before an oppressive government official, 'the plundering monk,' Abu Najah, …

    Recto

    1. בש רח
    2. כתאבי אטאל אללא בקא חצרה מולאי אלשיך אלאגל
    3. ואדאם עזה ונעמאה ורפעתה וסנאה ותמכינה
    4. וכבת חסדתה ואעדאה אעלמה אן לו רמת אלי
    5. שרח אליסיר ממא גר…

    Recto

    1. In your name, O merciful.
    2. I am writing to you my lord, the most illustrious elder —
    3. may God prolong the life of your excellency and make perma…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  49. 49

    LetterT-S Misc.28.33

    Awaiting description - see Goitein notes linked below. This letter may be continued in Bodl. MS heb. d 66/14 (identified by Oded Zinger).

    2 Transcriptions

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  50. 50

    LetterT-S 12.7

    Letter from [...] b. Avraham ha-Kohen to Abū l-ʿAlā' Ṣāʿid b. al-Munajjā al-Neʾeman. In Judaeo-Arabic (recto) and Arabic script (verso; the text block containing 8 …

    1 Transcription

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