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  1. 1

    Legal documentT-S 18J1.11

    Witness statement in which a proselyte known by the name of Abu al-Khayr takes out a Torah scroll from the Holy Ark and proclaims a …

    ‏ יקול מן יתבת כטה פי אכר הדא אלמחצר ‎ 1
    ‏ אנה חאצר ביום שבת בכניסת הבבליים ‎ 2
    ‏ דהוא עשרין וחמשה יומין בירח כסלו ‎ 3
    ‏ דש…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  2. 2

    Legal documentT-S AS 152.3

    Legal document, fragmentary, calling for someone to give evidence about a certain person's misconduct and who is subject to a herem (excommunication). (Information from Goitein's …

    ‏ למא חצרת אלשהאדה אלקאטעה אלתאבתה בחצרה בית דין ע[ ‎ 1
    ‏ הכהן הזקן נע אנה א . . . . עבירה ותגאוז עלי אלשריעה הו ומע [ ‎ …

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  3. 3

    Legal documentT-S Misc.29.44a

    Document in the hand of Mevorakh b. Natan. Not entirely clear if it is a letter or legal document. It describes the measures that will …

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  4. 4

    Legal documentENA 3970.3

    A few words in Judaeo-Arabic: "The copy of the great excommunication (ḥerem gadol) which is said...." On verso Hebrew alphabet jottings and a couple Arabic …

    No Scholarship Records

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  5. 5

    Legal documentT-S Misc.28.55

    Court document. Declaration of a ban of excommunication against anyone who owes money in any form to Abū l-Khayr al-Ṣayrafī known as Ibn Khalfa and …

    No Scholarship Records

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  6. 6

    LetterT-S 16.261

    Recto: Letter from Shelomo b. Yehuda to Shelomo Ha-Rofe b. Eli, Tripoli (Lebanon), 1039. Shelomo b. Yehuda writes about Natan b. Avraham, a young challenger …

    ‏ השלומות התמימות המקוימות הרשומות החתומות ליקירנו וזקיננו ‎ 1
    ‏ וחשובנו כב קד מר ורב שלמה הזקן הרופא החכם והנבון העשוי נחת ‎ 2
    ‏…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  7. 7

    Legal documentT-S 20.163

    Court record of an excommunication ban pronounced against Sulayman the blacksmith after he insulted the court when it failed to take his side in a …

    ‏ [מה שהיה ל]פננו אנו העדים החותמים ‎ 1
    ‏ [למטה בסוף ה]כתב הזה ביום חמישי בשבת ‎ 2
    ‏ [שהוא ] בחודש אלול שנת אלף …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  8. 8

    LetterAIU VII.A.23 + T-S 13J35.3

    Fragment of a draft letter in the name of the community of Fustat regarding the imposition of an excommunication, ca. 1035.

    ‏ א ‎
    ‏ ]או יא[ ‎ 1
    ‏ …

    3 Transcriptions 2 Discussions

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  9. 9

    Legal documentBodl. MS heb. c 28/41

    Legal document in Hebrew demanding a punishment of excommunication and three days of house arrest for Sabyan b. Saadya who libelled his kinsman Yosef b. …

    ‏ מעשה שהיה לפנינו אנו בית דין הקבוע במצרים והעדים החותמים עדותם ‎ 1
    ‏ מטה בכתב הזה איך מרב יוסף המכונה אבו אלפצל [ב]ר …

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  10. 10

    Legal documentT-S AS 146.4

    Court order forcing a husband, by threat of excommunication, to write a bill of divorce for his wife and not run away, leaving her 'a …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . ] חתומי מטה מה שהיה בפנינו ביום ארב[עה ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  11. 11

    LetterENA NS 41.19

    Letter/announcement addressed to the entire Jewish community of Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Probably from the office of the Nagid. Bears an 'emet' motto at the top. …

    No Scholarship Records

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  12. 12

    Literary textBodl. MS heb. e 74/70–74

    Miscellany containing formularies for excommunication (invoking the Shem ha-Meforash) and what to write on the last page of a daftar of the Torah when the …

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  13. 13

    LetterMoss. II,175.1

    Fragment (bottom half) of a letter in Judaeo-Arabic regarding a communal dispute over slaughtering. A certain person, likely a rival of the writer, came to …

    No Scholarship Records

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  14. 14

    LetterT-S NS J223

    Note from Abū Thābit al-Ṣayrafī to a certain Rabbenu Shemuel asking him to declare a ban of excommunication against whoever cast a spell on someone …

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  15. 15

    Unknown typeMoss. IV,9

    See PGP 3783

    No Scholarship Records

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  16. 16

    LetterL-G Ar. II.79

    Petition from a woman named Umm Hilāl bt. Ibn al-Muhandiz the ḥaver, who is living in the synagogue of the Palestinians. In Judaeo-Arabic, with the …

    1 Discussion

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  17. 17

    Legal documentYevr.-Arab. I 1701

    Legal document in a gathering of the Karaites in Cairo, mentioning the instrument of the herem to elicit information concerning a rumor some women had …

    ‏ באגתמאע טאיפה אלקראיין באלקאהרה ואחרם חרם אכיד ‎ 1
    ‏ על כל מי שיודע ‎ 2
    ‏ אבו סעד בן אבו אלפרג…

    1 Transcription

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  18. 18

    Legal documentT-S 13J12.1

    Form of excommunication. (Information from Mediterranean Society, II, p. 599)

    ‏ בהדה אלת/ל/ה רגאל אלדי טלמוה ‎ 1
    ‏ לא יאבה ייי סלוח להם כי אז יעשן ‎ 2
    ‏ אף ייי וקנאתו בהם ורבצה בהם ‎ 3
    ‏ את כל האלות הכתובות בספ…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  19. 19

    Legal documentT-S 13J12.2

    Form of excommunication in Aramaic. (Information from Mediterranean Society, II, p. 599)

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .] בית ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  20. 20

    Legal documentT-S 13J12.4

    Form of excommunication written in Arabic. (Information from Mediterranean Society, II, p. 602)

    ‏ כל בר ישראל או בת ישראל כביר כאן אם צגיר ‎ 1
    ‏ מדרך ממן יקרבו לכיאר אלצירפי או בעידין מנה ‎ 2
    ‏ מן גמיע ישראל יעלם עלם יקין ען משאהדה א…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  21. 21

    Legal documentT-S 13J12.5

    Forms of excommunication in Arabic, Aramaic, and Hebrew. (Information from Mediterranean Society, II, 332) VMR

    ‏ אציתו שמיא ואמלין [ו]תשמע ארעא מימרי פומי ‎ 1
    ‏ בגזרת עירין פתגמא ומימר קדישין שאילתא ‎ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  22. 22

    LetterT-S 8J40.2

    Fragmentary letter from the office of Yehoshua Maimonides to a certain Avraham, concerning the affairs of a man, his wife, and a young boy, and …

    ‏ הדרת החכם הנכבד . . . . . . . . [ . . . . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ ורבנו אברהם עטרת החכמים [ . . . . . . . ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  23. 23

    LetterIOM D 55.14

    Letter from Salāma b. Mūsā Safāquṣī, probably from Mazara, Sicily, to Yehuda b. Moshe b. Sughmār (Alexandria), ca. 1055. Salāma b. Mūsā intends to buy …

    2 Transcriptions

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  24. 24

    Unknown typeT-S 12.283

    Question submitted to "sayyidnā," it seems the Head of the Karaite community, about a case that had come before the governor/chief of police (wālī) of …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  25. 25

    Legal documentT-S Misc.23.3

    Record of a testimony written in Alexandria regarding a family excommunicated by Daniel b. Azarya. The members of the family desecrate his memory. Date: May …


    ‎TS Misc.Box 23, f. 3r, ed. Gil, Palestine, Pt. 3, pp.331-332 (Doc. #531), C.B. 04-21-88 (p)Record of a testimony written in Alexandria regarding a f…

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  26. 26

    LetterT-S Misc.35.11

    Letter fragment from Shelomo b. Yehuda to an unidentified personality in Fustat, approximately 1029. Concerning the excommunication of the Karaites.


    ‎TS LOAN 11, ed. Gil, Palestine, Pt. 2, pp.158-159 (Doc. #85), C.B. 03-08-88 (p)Fragment of a letter from Solomon b. Judah to an unidentifiedpersonal…

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  27. 27

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 28/9

    Letter from a Karaite to his community, asking for the proclamation of a ban against certain people who suspect him of stealing.


    ‎(recto)
    ‏ בשם אל עולם ‎
    ‏ בר[כו]ת רבות כמימי א[רו]בות מדר ערבות ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  28. 28

    LetterT-S 16.213

    Letter in Hebrew by the muqaddam (head) of the community of Minyat Zifta, announcing that he had excommunicated a debtor according to an instruction by …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . הנגיד הן הן ולאו רפיא בידיה מה היה ‎ 1
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  29. 29

    LetterT-S 10J10.3

    Letter from Ephraim b. Ya'aqov. A man named Ibn al-Qābisī, who was banned from the Jewish community in four different cities in Iberia, arrived in …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ תקדמת כתבי אליכם אטאל אללה [ וקד אנפדת] ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  30. 30

    LetterENA 4100.28a

    Letter from a communal leader to a Nasi. In Judaeo-Arabic. The writer reports that he fulfilled what had been requested of him in the letter …

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  31. 31

    LetterMoss. V,336.1 + Moss. V,338.1

    Letter from the office of Yehoshua Maimonides to Avraham ha-Sar (for the same addressee, see T-S Misc.28.64 and T-S 8J40.2). He reports that he met …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  32. 32

    Legal documentT-S NS 32.50 + T-S NS 226.145

    List of people to be excommunicated ('by name'/באסם). The left halves of ~7 entries are preserved. "In the bar (mashraba) with... and her children... a …

    No Scholarship Records

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  33. 33

    LetterT-S Ar.51.111

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Likely Tammuz 1232 CE, and almost definitely 1232–37 CE. See below for explanation. Writer and addressee are unidentified. The writer dictated …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]בקה אלל[ה] תעאלי וגמיע ‎ 1
    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .…

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  34. 34

    LetterMoss. IV,9 + T-S NS 312.98 + T-S 8J31.4 + T-S 6J9.12

    Letter from Yeḥiel b. Yiṣḥaq ha-Ṣarfati, in Jerusalem, to a certain Menaḥem (probably the judge Menaḥem b. Yiṣḥaq b. Sasson), probably in Cairo. Dating: Early …


    ‎Page 1

    ‎}
    ‏ לקח הרצועה שהקדשנו ולא החזירה ‎ 1
    ‏ ואינו מבקש מחילה אין זה ושב ורפא ‎ 2
    ‏ לו והשם יודע כי…

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  35. 35

    LetterT-S 20.97

    Copy of a long letter sent by Ḥananya b. Yosef ha-Kohen, Av Bet Din. Dating: ca. 1020 CE, according to Gil. Probably addressed to the …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  36. 36

    LetterT-S 13J26.6

    Letter from Abū l-Majd, in Qūṣ, to Abū l-Mufaḍḍal the judge, in Fustat. Mentions Egypt, Abū l-Riḍā, Ibn Ibrahim al-ʿArīf, Abū l-ʿAlā b. Ḥassūn, Abū …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ אצגר אלממאליך אלדאעי לה ‎ 1
    ‏ אלשאכר לתפצלה אבו אלמגד ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  37. 37

    LetterENA 4020.49

    Letter from Shelomo b. Eliyyahu to Abū l-Barakāt, the uncle of Sitt Ghazāl. He writes of the terrible sickness that has not relented ever since …

    ‏ אתה ייי לא תכלא ר[חמיך ממני [. . . . . . . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ אלממלוך אלאצגר שלמ[. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ‎ 2
    ‏ א…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  38. 38

    LetterENA NS I.78

    Letter from Yehuda b. Moshe b. Sughmār, in Alexandria, to Abū Bishr Azhar b. Manṣūr (aka Avraham), in Fustat, ca. 1075. Mentions a shipment of …

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