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  1. 1

    LetterENA 3505.15

    Mercantile letter from Sālim to his relative Yosef b. Yehuda Kohen. In Judaeo-Arabic. Yemeni. Dating: No earlier than 15th century based on currencies mentioned (muʾayyadī, …

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  2. 2

    Legal documentENA NS 46.1

    Legal document. In Judaeo-Arabic with occasional Hebrew or Aramaic phrases. Dating: Unknown. Location: Yemen, probably, based on the handwriting and dialect words and names of …

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  3. 3

    List or tableBodl. MS heb. e 32/50

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Location: Yemen. There are several dozen names and strings of numbers (in Hebrew characters) of varying lengths after each name.

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  4. 4

    Legal documentBodl. MS heb. e 32/51

    Deed of sale. Location: Ḥamida/Ḥamuda, Yemen. Dated: 24 Av במ״ד, which is likely 2044 Seleucid, which is 1733 CE. The parties include [..] and Saʿīd …

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  5. 5

    List or tableBodl. MS heb. e 32/52

    Accounts of Yaḥyā Ḥajabī. In Judaeo-Arabic. Location: Yemen. Currencies used are gurush and zolota (a silver coin minted by the Ottomans to replace the Polish-Lithuanian …

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  6. 6

    LetterBL OR 10578H.25

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: ca. 1764 CE. Mentions numerous names: Yaḥyā b. Hādī, ʿAlī and his brother Ṣāliḥ, ʿAlī Ḥusayn, ʿAzīz b. Sinān, Yūsuf al-ʿAzīzī, …

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  7. 7

    Legal documentT-S 24.20

    Legal document. Record of release. Written in the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Location: Fustat. Dated: Adar I, 1426 Seleucid. One of two copies of …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  8. 8

    Legal documentDK AS 3

    One folio cut widthwise into two halves. Written by various Yemenite hands. As 3\1 One side (ab) of the folio, slightly missing from one edge. …

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  9. 9

    LetterT-S 16.95 + T-S 10J25.8 + AIU VII.E.23

    A booklet containing copies of eight letters by Rav Sherira Gaon and one letter by Rav Hayye Gaon. End of the 10th century. The letter …

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  10. 10

    LetterT-S 12.825

    Recto: Letter from Moshe b. Ḥalfon b. Y[...], probably in Yemen, to a judge (who had a son named Netanel), probably in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. …

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  11. 11

    Literary textNLI 8 420

    Story (ספר חסות) from Yemen about the relationships between the Jewish community and the Muslims. Describes the protection that the Jews received from Muhammad, concerning …

    והאדה כתאב אלדמה אלדי אדם אלנבי מחמד עלא בני אסראיל ע"אל ורחמת אללה

    וברכאתה.

    1. פלמא כאן פי אלזמאן אלקדים כאלפו אלכפאר עלא אלנבי מחמד ע"אל פנצרה אללה ע…

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  12. 12

    Legal documentT-S NS J351

    Recto: Legal document dated 1089–1188 CE, describing a son whose father, before traveling to Yemen, had given him, as ẓedaqa, two houses. The father then …

    1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .] דיאר אלימן וכתב לי בהמא כתאב צדקה באלעדים אשה[דהם
    2. . . . . . .]ה . . . קד געלתהמא במתנה לאחר מותי לואלדתי תתצרף פיהמא בע…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  13. 13

    LetterENA 2425.17

    Letter from an unknown writer in Jerusalem addressed to R. Maʿūẓa and his sons Sālim and Yaḥyā. Written in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 19th century, as …

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  14. 14

    Legal documentENA NS 52.2

    Bill of divorce (get). Location: Al-Saʿdiyya, which is probably in Yemen, based on the handwriting and names. Dated: 29 Tishrei 2023 Seleucid, which is 1711 …

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  15. 15

    Legal documentBL OR 10578H.25

    Legal document. In Arabic script. Location: Yemen. Dated: Shawwāl 1177 AH, which is 1764 CE. At least six witness clauses appear at the bottom.

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  16. 16

    Legal documentT-S AS 149.84

    Legal testimony in the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. No signatures, and probably unfinished. It concerns the death of the trader Tamīm b. Yaʿaqov ha-Kohen …

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  17. 17

    Legal documentT-S AS 152.232

    Legal fragment in the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Mentions Nagid ha-Gola, Abū Yaʿqūb Yūsuf, and Yemen. (Information in part from CUDL)

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  18. 18

    LetterT-S AS 146.113

    Mercantile letter. In Judaeo-Arabic. Mentions: having no option except to travel to Yemen; Alexandria; and trade in silk. (Information in part from CUDL)

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  19. 19

    Legal documentT-S AS 220.77

    Small fragment from a legal deed relating to Abū l-Faraj al-Jubayli, and his trip to Yemen. Written by Halfon b. Menashshe ha-Levi.

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  20. 20

    Legal documentHalper 373

    Ketubba from Yemen. Date unknown. The first two lines, which included the date and the place, are now missing. The city Ṣanʿā' is mentioned in …

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  21. 21

    Legal documentHalper 374

    Ketubba from Yemen. Date: Friday 19 Adar 2203 Seleucid, which is 1892 CE. Location: Al-Maḥābisha in northwest Yemen, also known as Quzayyiz, near lake al-Qaṭf. …

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  22. 22

    Legal documentAIU VII.A.38.2

    This fragment is actually several fragments stuck together. In the lower right corner of 'recto,' at 90 degrees to the other text blocks, there is …

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S 28.11

    Letter from Madmun b. David: Murder of the 'Caliph' and return of Jewish life to normalcy. Aden, 1202.

    II, 67

    1. בשם רחמן
    2. כץ אלחצרה אלעאליה אלסאמיה אלשיכיה אלאגליה אלמאלכה
    3. אלמנעמה אלמתפצלה אלמופקה אלסעידה אלאמינה
    4. אדאם אללה עזהא וגדד סעדהא ובלגהא מן
    5. אלזמן…

    1 Transcription 2 Translations

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  24. 24

    LetterT-S 10J25.8 + AIU VII.E.23 + T-S 16.95

    A booklet containing copies of eight letters by Rav Sherira Gaon and one letter by Rav Hayye Gaon. End of the 10th century. The letter …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  25. 25

    Legal documentSassoon 1055b

    Document that is a continuation of Sassoon 1055A. Aharon al-Araki, who received a part of a house in Sana'a, sells his part to his brother …

    1. בתרין בשבא דהוא תשעה יומין לירח כסלו שנת אלפא ותשע מאה ושבעין ותמני שנין לשטרי [במדינת
    2. צנעא דעל בירין דמין נבעין מותבה ביומא דנן אתא לקדמנא אנן סהדי…

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  26. 26

    Legal documentENA NS 50.2

    Marriage contract (ketubba). Location: Yūd ʿImrān on Bīr al-Ḥā'it, Yemen. Dated: 4 Nisan 2151 Seleucid, which is 1840 CE. Groom: Hārūn b. Sālim al-Thalā'ī(?). Bride: …

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  27. 27

    Legal documentENA NS 54.19

    Marriage contract (ketubba). Location: Yemen. Dated: Shevat 2005 Seleucid, which is 1694 CE. Groom: Dā'ūd b. Yosef al-Ḥamāmī (or al-Ḥammāmī) al-Ḥaḍrī. Bride: Simḥa, a virgin.

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  28. 28

    LetterBL OR 5561B.24

    Letter of recommendation. Late. In Hebrew, with some Aramaic and Judaeo-Arabic. The bearer Saʿīd b. Manṣūr the Yemeni is from a good family and has …

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  29. 29

    LetterBL OR 5566B.10

    Letter of condolence on the death of a woman. From an unidentified sender, probably in Qūṣ, to Abū l-Karam and his son Abū Isḥāq b. …

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  30. 30

    Legal documentSassoon 1055g

    A testimony of a person who received 47.5 "Harf" (each of them equal to 40 "Vuksha" silver) for selling his part of the house in …

    1. [במדינת צנעא דעל נהרא דמיא אלמרבכי מותבא ביומא דנן אתא לקדמנא אנן סהדי דחתימין]
    2. לתתא סלימאן בן יוסף בן אלמעלם אבואלסעוד מרגז וחיניד נטק וקאל אשהדו ע…

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  31. 31

    Paraliterary textT-S NS 338.78

    Summary of the extraction and medicinal uses of myrrh gum (from "a type of tree in Yemen"). In Judaeo-Arabic.

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  32. 32

    Legal documentT-S 12.585

    Recto: Legal document. On parchment. In the handwriting of Mevorakh b. Natan. In which Bū Saʿd Moshe b. Yefet the head Parnas leaves to his …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  33. 33

    LetterT-S 8J28.11

    Letter with a legal purpose. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: 11th or 12th century. From an unidentified sender to a certain parnas, trustee of the court. The …

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  34. 34

    Legal documentBodl. MS heb. a 3/20

    Legal testimony concerning a partnership release from a commenda. Dating: 1098. Abū al-Ḥasan Yaḥyā ha-Kohen b. Shemuʾel ha-Kohen al-Baghdādī and ʿUlla ha-Levi b. Yosef ha-Levi …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  35. 35

    State documentT-S Ar.30.273

    Fatimid petition to al-Āmir bi-Aḥkām Allāh from a Jewish merchant, Mūsā b. Ṣadaqa, who was detained unlawfully after his return from India and Yemen with …

    Recto

    1. العبد المملوك

    2. موسى بن صدقة التاجر اليهودي

    3. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    4. صلوات الله وبركاته ونوامى زكواته وافضل سلامه وتحياته على مولانا

    5. وسيد…

    4 Transcriptions 2 Translations

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  36. 36

    Legal documentBL OR 5566D.24 + T-S 10J16.8

    Copy of a court record from Aden. Dating: Summer 1131 CE. Concerning a controversy over Jewish communal leadership in Yemen. Goitein thought that this copy …

    א

    1. ולמא כאן יום אלסבת תאני יום אלכלאם אשתמעו גמיע אצחאבנא
    2. אלגרבא וגאו אלי ענד אלשיך אבו סעיד וקאלו לה אש עולת
    3. אן תפעל פקאל להום לאני וחדי מא יגי מני …

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  37. 37

    LetterT-S Ar.48.270

    Letter from Ḥalfon b. Netanel from ‘Aydhab to his brother Ali b. Netanel, 1132. Ḥalfon is on his way back to Egypt after an unsuccessful …

    1. עלקת למולאי אכי הדה אלאחרף מכ[תובה ]
    2. לסרעה מסיר חאמלהא אעלמה פיהא תב[ת ? תע]
    3. מגדהא אנני בחמד אללה ופצלה וצלת עידאב עלי
    4. גמלה אלסלאמה ואלעאפיה יודו לא…

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  38. 38

    Legal documentT-S 12.546

    Partnership agreement dated Sivan 1735 CE (5495), to last for eight years, it seems for a business venture dealing in etrogim. The six partners are …

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  39. 39

    LetterCUL Or.1081 J2

    Mercantile letter sent possibly from Aden to India. In Judaeo-Arabic. Fragment (lower part of recto). The sender received a basket (zanbīl) of pepper which he …

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  40. 40

    State documentJRL Gaster ar. 360

    Copy of a petition in Arabic script addressed to al-Malik al-ʿAzīz Sayf al-Islām Ṭughtakīn, the second Ayyubid amir of Yemen (and brother of Saladin), r. …

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  41. 41

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J109

    Letter from a certain ʿEli, unknown location, to the cantor Isḥāq, in Damietta. Addressed specifically to the shop of Abū l-Surūr al-Ṣayrafī. In Judaeo-Arabic with …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  42. 42

    Paraliterary textT-S Misc.35.22

    Maqāma-like work in rhymed Hebrew prose by a certain Shelomo b. Yehuda (not the 11th-century gaʾon, as this fragment is probably 12th–13th century), describing how …

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  43. 43

    Legal documentT-S 8J5.23

    Conditional bill of divorce. In the hand of Mevorakh b. Natan. Dated: Av 1480 Seleucid, which is 1169 CE. The trader Bū Saʿd Moshe b. …

    1. בחד בשבה דהוא ש[
    2. אב דשנת אלפא וא[
    3. לשטרות באלמ[
    4. לפסטאט מצר [
    5. אנא משה בר [
    6. וחניכא דאית [
    7. אניסנא ות [
    8. ליכי אנתי פכ [
    9. וחניכא דאית [
    10. דנה וכדן תר [
    11. רשאה ו…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  44. 44

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J225

    Letter from Yaʿaqov b. Salīm to Ḥalfon ha-Levi b. Natanʾel in al-Ghuwwa, Yemen, ca. summer 1131, concerning the controversy over the reshut of Maṣliaḥ gaʾon …

    ח5

    מכתב מאת יעקב בן סַלִים אל חלפון, תימן

    אלגווה, תימן, קיץ שנת 1131 לערך

    ד10. CUL Or. 1080 J 225

    חומר הכתיבה: נייר; מידותיו: 12.5 x 20.6 ס"מ. הכתב …

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