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  1. 1

    LetterENA NS I.89b

    Letter in Hebrew to the communal leaders of Sicily (maybe Palermo?). On the back is a writing trial from the book of Esther and some …

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  2. 2

    LetterT-S AS 159.17

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Fragment. Contains mostly blessings for family members. The margin of recto contains some business instructions ("do not sell it for that price …

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  3. 3

    Legal documentT-S AS 152.402

    Legal document, minute fragment. Dark (presumably burned) and nearly illegible. Includes the phrase "אם חס ושלום" and mentions Sicily or Palermo (אלסקליה). AA. ASE.

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  4. 4

    LetterT-S AS 214.227

    Small and much damaged fragment from a letter, probably relating to business. A reference is made to the Sicilian.

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  5. 5

    LetterMoss. IV,41.3

    Note reporting on commercial activities. In Judaeo-Arabic. Mentions oil (zayt) and spices (? asqāṭ) and three ships soon to set sail for Sicily, "and you …

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  6. 6

    LetterAIU VII.E.155

    Fragment of a letter in Judaeo-Arabic mentioning Abū l-Faraj several times and the writer's great distress and worry. On parchment (hair side only); could be …

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  7. 7

    List or tableT-S Ar.30.74

    Private account by Barhun b. Musa ha-Tahirti to his business partner, probably in Sicily. 1057. Including details about different payments, the purchase of wheat, and …

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  8. 8

    Unknown typeT-S NS 149.1

    A letter from a man from Palermo in which he described the hardship of the Jews in Sicily during civil war and invasion of foreign …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  9. 9

    LetterT-S NS 226.180

    Letter written by Yefet b. Menashshe, mostly dealing with general issues. A trip to Sicily is mentioned.

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  10. 10

    Legal documentT-S K27.2

    Legal testimony. In Judaeo-Arabic. Location: Mazara, Sicily. Dated: Sunday, 10 Sivan 4898 AM, which is 1138 CE. Signed: Yosef Shemuel ha-Sofer and Moshe b. Yaʿbeṣ(?). …

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  11. 11

    List or tableT-S Ar.54.88

    An account from Sicily listing 63 ox hides from Syracuse and 76 buck skins. The sums are mentioned in rubaiyat (quarters of dinars). Dated to …

    ‏ אשתרא מן דלך סג נטע סרקוסה. . . ‎ 1
    ‏ …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  12. 12

    LetterBL OR 5566C.5

    Letter from Ṣadaqa to the Abū l-Najm the Parnas, in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. The sender announces his intention to travel to Sicily (in "Bilād al-Rūm") …

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  13. 13

    LetterHalper 383

    Letter from Ḥayyim b. ʿAmmār Madīnī of Palermo, Sicily, to Abū Zikrī Yaḥyā b. Menashshe Ḥalfon (Fustat). Ca. 1060. The sender, who is writing from …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  14. 14

    List or tableMoss. VIII,476.1 + Moss. VIII,476.2

    Account for the export of flax to Sicily. Around 1035. Also mentions camphor, textile, as well as details about payments. It seems like it is …

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  15. 15

    List or tableMoss. VIII,476.2 + Moss. VIII,476.1

    Account for the export of flax to Sicily. Around 1035. Also mentions camphor, textile, as well as details about payments. It seems like it is …

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  16. 16

    LetterIOM D 55.14

    Letter from Salāma b. Mūsā Safāquṣī, probably from Mazara, Sicily, to Yehuda b. Moshe b. Sughmār (Alexandria), ca. 1055. Salāma b. Mūsā intends to buy …

    2 Transcriptions

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  17. 17

    List or tableT-S Ar.53.36

    Bifolio, vellum. Multiple text blocks. All in Judaeo-Arabic. (1) Recto, right page: Possibly a colophon (Kitāb...), but possibly something mercantile. There is a date: 1 …

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  18. 18

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 28/21

    Mid-11th-century letter from Umm Faḍā'il, a widow in Fustat, to a family friend, Abū Zikrī b. Yosef (Yehuda b. Yosef Rosh ha-Seder), in the West. …

    1 Transcription

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  19. 19

    LetterT-S 12.334

    Letter fragment (missing the upper right corner), mercantile, from someone to "my maternal uncle [...] Avraham b. Salih b. [...]," probably 11th century. The writer …

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  20. 20

    LetterHalper 414

    Letter from Salāma b. Mūsā Safāquṣī (Māzar) to Yehuda b. Moshe b. Sughmār, 1064. This letter is a follow-up from the letter in Halper 389 …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  21. 21

    Legal documentT-S 13J3.10

    Six pages of court records in the handwriting of Mevorakh b. Natan (b. Shemuel ha-Ḥaver). Fol. 1, recto (doc. a): After the death in Sicily …


    ‎a
    ‏ למא אתצל בנא אנו בית דין הקבועים מפי הדרת וכנל' ופאה אבו אלסר[ור אבן ‎ 1
    ‏ אלש אבו עלי אלחבריי נע …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  22. 22

    Legal documentT-S NS 297.58

    Probably a certificate of conversion to Islam. In Arabic script. May be part of a will (says "bi-amri hādhihi l-waṣiyya" in the last preserved line). …

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S 12.380

    Letter from Musa b. Abi al-Hayy from Alexandria to Nahray b. Nissim, Fustat. Around 1065. Details about goods that Nahray ordered in Alexandria, probably materials …

    ‏ כתאבי יאסידי ומולאי אטאל אללה בקאך ו[אדא]ם [סלאמתך ונעמתך ו] סעאדתך וצרף אל אסוא ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  24. 24

    LetterENA 4009.4

    Letter from Abū l-Ḥayy b. Ḥakīm, in Sicily, to Ḥananya ha-Kohen Av Bet Din. Dating: ca. 1025 (unclear on what basis; Gil says ca. 1020, …

    ‏ [ ] לכל מודה ‎ 1
    ‏ [ ] ואשרי ‎ 2
    ‏ כל שומע […

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  25. 25

    LetterBL OR 5542.9

    Letter from Ismaʿīl b. Faraḥ (Alexandria) to Nahray b. Nissim (Fustat), 9 September 1056. Confirms the arrival of goods and letters and sends information about …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  26. 26

    Legal documentT-S 8Ja2

    Court record concerning the inheritance of Abū ʿImrān Mūsā b. Yaʿaqov Qābisī, of the Ibn Jāmiʿ family, left to him after the death of his …

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  27. 27

    LetterT-S AS 158.173

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Probably a Maghribī business letter of the 11th century. Fragment (lower half of recto). Mentions the qāḍī Ibn al-[...] and someone called …

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  28. 28

    Legal documentT-S 8J6.13

    Certificate of kashrut. Location: Alexandria. Dated: First decade of Tammuz 502[.] AM, which is 1260–69 CE. Abū l-Ḥasan b. Abū l-Karam b. Bū l-Barakāt purchases …

    ‏ חצר אלינא אנן חתומי מטה פי אלעשר אלאול ‎ 1
    ‏ מן אב המ יהפך אבלו לגילה ‎ 2
    ‏ חמשת אלפין [ ]ע שנין ליצירה במדינת ‎…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  29. 29

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 28/33

    Letter from Nahray b. Nissim (Misr) to Abu Ishaq Barhūn b. Salih at-Tahirti (Busir).

    ‏ כתאבי יאסידי ומולאי אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם סלאמתך וסעאדתך וצרף אלאס[וא ענך] ‎ 1
    ‏ ברחמתה מן מצר יום אלב' לו' בקין מן שבט כתמה אללה על…

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  30. 30

    LetterDK 322 (alt: 14)

    Business letter from Abū al-Surūr b. David (al-Mahdiyya) to his cousin Abū al-Afrāḥ ʿArūs b. Yosef (Fustat), ca. 1095. The writer sent to the recipient …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  31. 31

    LetterAIU VII.D.108

    Letter from the head of the court of Palermo (perhaps Maṣliaḥ b. Eliyya) to his counterpart in Qayrawan, ca. 1050 CE. The letter details a …

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  32. 32

    LetterL-G Ar. I.31

    A letter from Faraḥ b. Ismaʿīl, probably in Alexandria, to Nahray b. Nissim, Fustat, 5 June 1056. Deals mainly with financial matters, mentions bills of …

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  33. 33

    LetterT-S 12.270

    Letter from Salama b. Musa ha-Sfaqusi from Alexandria probably to Nahray b. Nissim. Around 1068. Mentions several people including Avraham b. Farah and Yosef b. …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ כתאבי אטאל אללה בקא מולאי אלשיך ואדאם תאידה ונעמאה וכבת אעדאה ‎ 1
    ‏ מן אלאסכנדריה יום הושענא בעד נזול…

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  34. 34

    LetterT-S 13J13.27

    Letter sent by a man from Sicily who had immigrated to Tyre, describing a civil war in Sicily and the bad economic conditions under which …

    ‏ כתאבי יאכי וסידי וריסי אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם עזך ותאידך ‎ 1
    ‏ וסע/א/דתך מן צור ז מצא מן כסלאב ען סלאמה ועאפיה ושוק א…

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  35. 35

    Legal documentT-S NS J161 + T-S 12.5

    Recto: Long query addressed in 1058 to the Gaon of Jerusalem by Eli b. Amram, the head of the Palestinians in Fustat. (Or rather, this …

    ‏ אלתמן סתה [דנאניר ורבע ועדל ניל תמנה ] ‎ 1
    ‏ אלקנטאר מנה בעד אלכ[ ] ‎ …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  36. 36

    LetterENA NS 2.13

    Important business letter sent from Alexandria to Fustat by a Maghribi merchant named Nissim who, coming from al-Mahdiyya, had arrived in Alexandria at time of …

    ‏ . . . .] מן . . . .[.]. . . .ון א[. . . .]לון מן ג דנאניר אלתוב . . . . . .ן ונצ.[. . ‎ 1
    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . .] דינ אלתנא אלי כ…

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  37. 37

    Legal documentENA NS 2.6

    Deed, commercial, attesting to Alexandria's importance in international trade. The document mentions traders from Venice and Constantinople, as well as Sicilian coins. Apparently the deed …


    ‎Recto
    ‏ 1 [ ] ן [ ] ‎
    ‏ …

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  38. 38

    LetterAIU V.A.70

    Letter from Semah from Palermo, to Nahray b. Nissim, Alexandria. Around 1055. Mentions import of flax from Egypt to Palermo and exports of silk and …

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  39. 39

    LetterBodl. MS heb. c 72/18

    Letter from Yiṣḥaq bayt ʿAṭṭān, in Syracuse, to Moshe b. Yehuda, in Alexandria. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Last quarter of the 15th century. Contains a colorful …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  40. 40

    LetterDK 230.1 (alt: 22)

    Letter from Maymūn b. Khalfa, Palermo, to Nahray b. Nissim, Fustat. 18 August 1056 (Gil). Describes the movement of goods and ships to and from …

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  41. 41

    LetterT-S 13J26.10

    Letter from Abū Saʿīd, in Palermo, to his brother Abū l-Barakāt known as Ṭāriq, in Fustat. Abū Saʿīd reports that he had fled the unrest …

    ‏ ואמרתם כה לחי ואתה שלום וביתך שלום וג ‎ 1
    ‏ …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  42. 42

    LetterT-S 12.386

    Letter from Mevasser b. David, in Tinnīs, to Nahray b. Nissim, in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: 22 Elul (25 August [1068 — Gil's inference]), with …

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  43. 43

    LetterHalper 389

    Letter from Salāma b. Mūsā of Sfax, in Mazar, Sicily, to his partner Yehuda b. Moshe b. Sughmār, in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. The longest letter …

    ‏ סידי ומולאי אטאל אללה בקאה ואדאם סלאמתה וסעאדתה ונעמאה כתאבי אליך מן מאזר לז בקין מן אלול ען סלאמה ונעמה ‎ 1
    ‏ נשכר אללה תעאלי אסאלה אלמזיד מן כל …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  44. 44

    LetterIOM D 55.13

    Letter from Labrāṭ b. Moshe b. Sughmār, the chief judge in al-Mahdiyya, to Nahray b. Nissim, in Fustat. Dating: Ca. 3 August 1057 CE (Gil) …

    ‏ על שמך ‎
    ‏ כתאבי אטאל אללה בקא סי…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  45. 45

    LetterT-S 10J11.22

    Letter from Shemuel b. Ibrahīm, in Fustat, to his father Abū Isḥāq Ibrahīm b. Shabbetay (aka Shubbāṭ), in Palermo. Fragment: upper part of the letter …

    ‏ כתאב[י אלי]ך יא ואלדי ואעז אלכלק עלי וענדי אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם סלאמתך ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  46. 46

    LetterT-S 16.179

    Letter from Labrāṭ b. Moshe b. Sughmār, in al-Mahdiyya, to his brother Yehuda, in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: January 9 (12 Shevat), 1058 CE (Gil) …

    ‏ על שמך ‎ 1
    ‏ כתבת…

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