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  1. 1

    LetterT-S 10J16.19

    Letter from Sa'dan b. Thabit al-Baghdadi from Tripoli to a colleague in Cairo asking him to take care of his son, whom he had sent …

    ‏ כתאבי אטאל אללה בקא מולאי אלשיך אלגליל ואדאם עזה [ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ‎ 1
    ‏ ור…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  2. 2

    LetterT-S 10J17.1

    Letter from the judge Natan ha-Kohen b. Shelomo (in office ca. 1125-1150) to Abu al-Husayn Efrayim ha-Kohen b. Yosef the silk-merchant of Damietta. The writer …

    ‏ כאן קד תקדם כתאבי אלי מולאי אל (!) ‎ 1
    ‏ אלשיך …

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  3. 3

    LetterT-S 8J18.15

    Letter segment from Avraham b. Saadya the Hebronite, Bilbays, to Shelomo b. Shelah, probably in Fustat, beginning of the twelfth century.

    ‏ בשמך רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ אלהים //יי// ירבה שכרהו בורא עולם יחנהו ויברכהו ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  4. 4

    LetterT-S 8J20.21

    Letter from Mevorakh b. Natan ha-haver containing congratulations to Passover for Shelomo ha-Rofe and "the sons of the generous Yeshua" (Hebrew: "Benei Yeshua Ha-Nadiv"). Verso: …

    ‏ מבורך בן נתן בן שמואל החבר ‎
    ‏ ב יגדיל תור[ ‎ 1
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  5. 5

    LetterT-S 8J20.4

    Letter written by Perahya b. Yosef, the learned nephew of the India trader Avraham Ibn Yiju, which begins with bible verses, including Job 23:28. (S. …

    ‏ שלום רב לאוהבי תורתיך ואין למו מכשול ‎ 1
    ‏ ואמרתם כה לחי ואתה שלום וביתך שלום ‎ …

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  6. 6

    Legal documentT-S 8J5.19

    Legal document from Damira, Egypt. The city is referred to as עיר דמירה הקטנה in Hebrew (‘the city of little Damira’). Dated 1158 C.E. (Jacob …

    ‏ מן כל כל טענתא [ ‎ 1
    ‏ מר' תמים ולא לירתאי בתראי למחדר ולמתבעי ית אלעזר בר תמים ‎…

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  7. 7

    LetterT-S 12.81

    Letter to Araḥ b. Nathan ha-Sar and the ‘Seventh in the Congregation of Righteousness’ (השביעי בחבורת הצדק) (ca. beginning of the 12th century) thanking him …

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  8. 8

    LetterT-S 10J10.7

    Letter from Shabbetay b. Avraham to a notable, mentioning prayers made in his name. Identification of the writer based on handwriting. (Information from CUDL)

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  9. 9

    LetterT-S 10J11.1

    Letter from Mūsā Ibn al-Lakhtūsh to Ḥalfon b. Nathaniel, mentioning Yehuda ha-Levi. (Information from CUDL)

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  10. 10

    LetterT-S 10J11.27

    Letter from Abraham Ṣiqillī to Ḥalfon b. Natanʾel. (Information from CUDL)

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  11. 11

    LetterT-S 10J13.1

    Letter from Yiṣḥaq b. Asher Sefardi to the head Parnas Abū l-Faḍl Mevorakh b. Avraham, instructing him to make payments to needy people, ranging from …

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  12. 12

    Legal documentT-S 10J14.30

    Legal document. Court records made by Abū l-Ḵayr and Peraḥya about a physical argument between the leader Abū l-Bahā and Abū l-Wafā in front of …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  13. 13

    LetterT-S 10J15.3

    Letter from Ḥalfon b. Netanʾel in Alexandria to Yiṣḥaq b. Barukh. (Information from CUDL)

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  14. 14

    Legal documentT-S 10J15.22

    Legal document. Acknowledgement of debt, mentioning Mūsā al-Nufūsī and Abū Saʿīd Ḵalaf b. Isaac. In the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. (Information from CUDL)

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  15. 15

    Unknown typeT-S NS 321.14

    Distribution of collection (tafriqah) to officials. Among those mentioned: Salim the Parnas, Abu l-Ḥasan the Ḥaver, Khalil the cantor and his cousin, al-Ahuv, al-Rayyis Abu …

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  16. 16

    List or tableENA 2592.2

    Memorial list for several families of judges. mentioning some well known judges of the second half of the 12th century.

    No Scholarship Records

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  17. 17

    LetterT-S 12.376

    Letter fragment (lower right corner) in Judaeo-Arabic, dated Nissan 14[26?] Seleucid = 1115 CE; the last two digits of the year are not completely clear. …

    No Scholarship Records

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  18. 18

    Legal documentT-S 12.497

    Legal fragment. Dating: early 12th century. Signed by Yiṣḥaq b. Shemuel ha-Sefaradi. ASE.

    No Scholarship Records

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  19. 19

    Legal documentT-S 8J5.22

    Recto: Engagement (shiddukhin) contract. Location: Fustat. Dated: Wednesday, 9 Kislev 1473 Seleucid, which is 29 November 1161 CE, under the authority of the Gaʾon Netanʾel …

    ‏ בארבעה בשבה דהוא תשעה יומי לירח כסליו דשנת ‎ 1
    ‏ אלפא וארבע מאה ושבעין ותלת שנין לשטרות בפסטאט ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  20. 20

    Legal documentBL OR 5551.1

    Legal testimony. Location: Fustat. Dated: Shevaṭ 1462 Seleucid, which is 1151 CE, under the authority of Shemuel ha-Nagid. A woman named ʿAmāʾim bt. Abū l-Faraj …

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  21. 21

    LetterT-S 16.9

    Strongly worded circular letter sent by Moses Maimonides to the country-side community, soliciting them to contribute to the ransom of captives. The two senior judges …

    ‏ וחצל באלחוינא בל ינבגי אן יקף [שיו]ככם ותלאמדכם ומקדמיכם וכלכם ‎ 1
    ‏ פי הדא אלאמר אלוקוף אלדי אמר…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  22. 22

    LetterT-S 10J15.26

    Letter from Yiṣḥaq b. Sedaqa in Tripoli, Libya, to the physician Shemuel in Cairo, thanking him for his ransom when the sender was captured by …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] ממלוך אל . . מא לא יטיק לסאני ען ‎ 1
    ‏ אחצאיה וען אפעאלהי אלגמילה ובלגני אן טרא עלי אצחאבנא מן אל …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  23. 23

    LetterT-S 16.250

    Letter from Petaḥya b. (abū al-?)Maḥāsin, a refugee from Palestine, to Avraham b. Shelomo, his relative in Fustat, shortly after the Crusader conquests at the …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ שלומות ממרומות [ ] ‎ …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  24. 24

    LetterT-S 16.301

    Letter from Shemuel b. Yehuda ha-Bavli to Berakhot ha-Khaver. Shemuel writes that after searching the book dealers of Egypt for rare titles, he learned in …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ בשם רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ שלום משמי שפרה ויד ושם ותפארה וכניעת אויב ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  25. 25

    LetterT-S 16.63

    Letter. Appointment of a general administrator of the qodesh, ca. 1150. Copy of a decision taken in the court presided over by Nagid Shemuel b. …

    ‏ (ר' ישעיה הלוי הזקן) ‎
    ‏ היקר בר מר' ( ) בט …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  26. 26

    LetterT-S Misc.35.20

    Letter addressed to Yehuda Nasi b. Josiah from an Egyptian community leader, replying to a letter where the leader expressed his intention to visit the …


    ‎Address (fol. 2, verso)
    ‏ אל שער יקרת צפירת תפארת מרינו ורבנו אדונינו נשיאנו נשיא ‎ 1
    ‏ גליות כל יש אב…

    1 Transcription

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  27. 27

    Legal documentT-S 8J11.9

    Statement about money due of a Parnas, ca. 1151. The parnas Abu Sa'd b. Hatim was in charge of the collection of rent from the …

    ‏ אלדי עלי אלשיך אבי סעד אלפרנאס בן חאתם לרבע ‎ 1
    ‏ אלמקאדסה מן מסתהל רביע אלאכר סנה סתה ‎ 2
    ‏ וארבעין וכמסה מאיה ללתאריך אלערבי …

    1 Transcription

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  28. 28

    LetterT-S 8J18.32 + T-S 8J22.24

    Letter from Avraham b. Seʿadya he-Ḥaver the Hebronite to (his son-in-law?) Moshe b. Ghulayb in Cairo. Dating: beginning of the twelfth century. Avraham orders the …

    ‏ בשמך רח ‎ 1
    ‏ שלום משמי מרומים וברכות כנחלי ימים וחן וחסד ו[רחמים] ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  29. 29

    LetterT-S 8J20.5

    Letter in which relatives of the writer invited him to stay with them in a Christian land but he appears to have declined. Written from …

    ‏ קד תסלמני וקאל לה תסיר בהדא אלסאעה תעייד ב . [בבנהא ‎ 1
    ‏ וסט אלעיד תסיר בה אלי אסכנדריה ולא תאכד מנה רבע דרהם ‎ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  30. 30

    LetterT-S 8J22.3

    Request from Masliah b. Gaon to let R. Abu al-Rasa b. Rabana Yehuda ha-Ḥaver, to sing in the synagogue of the Palestinians (אלשאמיין), because of: …

    ‏ צדק ממרומים וחסד מהרומים לאמצו פת מ ‎ 1
    ‏ להעטו כצדיקים הולכי תמים : עם כל מבטח ותקוה ‎ 2
    ‏ הנואמים הגלויים וה…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  31. 31

    Legal documentT-S 8J4.22

    Recto: Inventory of all kinds of building materials and wood (probably after the dismantling of a house), followed by ‘we saw the house and nothing …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ כאנת עשר קטעה נכל ומזארב כשב טויל ‎ 2
    ‏ כמסה עשר לוח צגאר וכבאר ‎ 3
    ‏ קופה חטב…

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  32. 32

    Legal documentBodl. MS heb. f 22/47

    Legal document. Deposition on cession of rights in the "Estate of the Jerusalemites," ca. 1160. The uncle of Abu Sa‘īd renounces his right in the …

    ‏ אשהדני עם ‎ 1
    ‏ בו סעיד בן אלמקדסי עלי ‎ 2
    ‏ נפסה אנה קד והב לבן ‎ 3
    ‏ אכוה בו סעיד אלמדכור ‎ 4
    ‏ גזוה אלדי פי רב…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  33. 33

    Legal documentENA 4011.42

    Verso: Legal document: agreement with the Qodesh. Dating: ca. 1160. An agreement is concluded between a certain Ṣubḥ and his wife, and the qodesh, represented …

    ‏ חצר צבח וזוגתה ואקנו מנהם מעא אנהם ‎ 1
    ‏ רפעו ידהם ען אלתסעה קראריט אלדי ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  34. 34

    Legal documentT-S NS J318a

    Account of repairs of a house, written by Ḥalfon b. Menashshe (ca. 1127–39 CE). (F. Niessen and A. Shivtiel, ed., Arabic and Judaeo-Arabic Manuscripts in …


    ‎a
    ‏ בש רח ‎ 1
    ‏ צח ללשיך אבו עלי [ ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription

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  35. 35

    Legal documentL-G Ar. I.59

    Order of payment issued by Abū Zikrī Kohen, advising the elder Munajjā to give out three ūqiyyas of lemon drink. (Information from CUDL)

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  36. 36

    Legal documentL-G Ar. I.62

    Order of payment issued by Abū Zikrī Kohen, advising the elder Munajjā to give out a raṭl of lemon juice and three dirhams. (Information from …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  37. 37

    Unknown typeT-S K6.47

    Colophon of a codex, probably a Bible. Yosef b. Ya'aqov b. Yosef (ha-dayan ha-mumheh) b. Shemaryah (bayt din) b. Menahem buys a muṣḥaf on 16 …

    1 Discussion

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  38. 38

    Literary textT-S 16.31

    Recto: Poems by Yehuda ha-Levi, copied by the India trader Avraham Ibn Yijū. (Information from CUDL and Goitein's index card)

    1 Discussion

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  39. 39

    Legal documentT-S 16.90

    Ketubba fragment for an unnamed bride and groom. Dated the 1st of Shevat 1415 (= 1104 CE), in Fustat. NB: Goitein and Worman referred to …

    1 Discussion

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  40. 40

    List or tableCUL Or.1080 1.85

    Book list and a quotation from a halakhic source or a responsum. Probably in the hand of Joseph Rosh ha-Seder (late 12th and early 13th …

    No Scholarship Records

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  41. 41

    Legal documentT-S 10J9.30

    Legal document. Partnership agreement. Dated: Dhū l-Qaʿda 530 AH, which is August 1136 CE. A wine-making partnership, the amount of the partnership being 1,510 dinars. …

    ‏ ישועה המכונה אבו אלפרג בר מרור יפת הזקן דידיע אבו אלחסין בן בנאיה [ ‎ 1
    ‏ ו…

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  42. 42

    Legal documentT-S K27.2

    Legal testimony. In Judaeo-Arabic. Location: Mazara, Sicily. Dated: Sunday, 10 Sivan 4898 AM, which is 1138 CE. Signed: Yosef Shemuel ha-Sofer and Moshe b. Yaʿbeṣ(?). …

    No Scholarship Records

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  43. 43

    Legal documentENA 2738.35

    Legal document. Record of release. Dated: 1169. Location: Fustat. Likely in the hand of Mevorakh b. Natan b. Shemuel. Onetime business partners Abū al-Faraj Yeshu‘a …

    1 Discussion

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  44. 44

    Legal documentT-S NS J455

    Court record concerning a divorce. Location: Aleppo. Dated: 1189 CE. The husband, from Fustat but now in Aleppo, divorced his wife who had remained in …

    ‏ בבית דין שבצובה חצר מ ור אברהם התלמיד היקר בר מ ור חננאל [. . . ‎ 1
    ‏ אלאסכנדראני וא.[. . . .] וכאלה . .ס[. . . . . . …

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  45. 45

    LetterT-S 12.9 + T-S 16.196

    Rescript of the judges of the court appointed by the Nagid Mevorakh to the community of al-Mahalla, advising the community in strongest terms to take …

    ‏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] כל ‎ 1
    ‏ .…

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  46. 46

    Legal documentT-S 16.199

    Verso: Hebrew formulary of an acknowledgment of a debt. Dated to the 11th century. (Information from Goitein's index cards) Recto: Ketubba portion for Jawhara the …

    ‏ שם שותפות יהבו לו לפלוני להיות בידו לזכות ולראיה לאחר היו[ם לפי] שרציתי ברצון נפשי ותאותי ‎ 1
    ‏ ולויתי ממנו ק זהובים טובים שקולים גדולי…

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  47. 47

    List or tableT-S 12.125

    Trousseau list from the Egyptian town of al-Mahalla. Ca. 1155

    ‏ מה שהיה בפנינו אנו ביתדין הקבוע באלמחלה הגדולה ‎ 1
    ‏ מלפני ( ‎ 2
    ‏ ( ) מחבס חד…

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  48. 48

    LetterT-S 10J13.3

    Recto: Letter sent to al-Mallaha concerning various business matters and dealing with the sale of sugar, chewing gum (mastaka) and rice. Dated 1165. (Information from …

    ‏ . . . . . . ] ואפקה פי אל[ . . . . ] גרץ משתרי ‎ 1
    ‏ אלעדד . . ל גייד מכבור וצבגה ודפעה ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  49. 49

    LetterT-S 10J15.29 + T-S 10J15.32

    Letter in the hand of Shabbetay b. Avraham addressed to the Nagid Shemuel b. Hananya. Asking him to obtain a caliphal rescript stopping the local …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ עבד אלחצרה אלסאמיה אלאגליה אלעא…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  50. 50

    LetterT-S 10J18.13

    Letter in which a tax-farmer named Yehuda, who received one and a half dinars a month, is mentioned. Dated to the 12th century.

    ‏ בשמ ‎ 1
    ‏ וצל כתאב חצרה מולאי אלשיך אלאגל אטאל [ אללה ‎ 2
    ‏ …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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