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  1. 51

    LetterCUL Or.1081 1.72

    Letter in Ladino, nearly complete but with numerous lacunae, from a mother to her daughter, addressed to her son-in-law Yaʿaqov Reshit (?) in Saida. The …

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  2. 52

    Legal documentT-S 13J22.7

    Letter from Umm Makīn, the wife of al-Sadīd, in Bilbays, to Eliyyahu the Judge, in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Early 13th century. The writer inquires …

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  3. 53

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J161

    Letter sent from Jerusalem in later medieval times by a woman named Jamila, the widow of Yehuda, addressing two brothers-in-law in Cairo, explaining that she …

    ‏ האחים המשובחים אשר בצל ה ית ובצלם אני ‎ 1
    ‏ יושבת כמהר ישועה //נרו// וכמהר [[זלמא .]] יעקב ‎ 2
    ‏ זלמאטי //נרו// אלו השורותים מאת אח…

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  4. 54

    LetterT-S 10J16.4

    Letter from the widow of the cantor Ben Nahman to a Gaon concerning the difficulties she is having with the son of her late husband …

    ‏ אלעבדה זוגה ‎ 1
    ‏ אלחזאן בן נחמאן ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  5. 55

    LetterT-S 10J18.1

    Letter from Miryam to her brother, Moses Maimonides (1170-1204). Miryam asks her brother to enquire after the whereabouts of her son and to induce him …

    ‏ אלחכם אלמעטם רבנא משה שצ מלתזמה תעטימך (!) מרים אוכתך ‎ 1
    ‏ אדאם אללה …

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  6. 56

    LetterT-S 13J13.30

    Petition from a woman to the Nagid Shemuel b. Ḥananya. Location: Fustat. Dating: 1140–59 CE. "'I am a 'cut-off' (munqaṭiʿa) woman and I do not …

    ‏ בש רח אלשער הנגידות תכון משרתו לנצח ‎ 1
    ‏ ליקר הדרת יקרת הנגידות צפירת ת…

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  7. 57

    LetterT-S 13J18.10

    In this appeal, typically addressed to the community ('your excellencies, my masters, the illustrious lordly judges, and...the elders of Israel'), a widow and mother of …

    ‏ גאריתכם מרה ארמלה ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  8. 58

    LetterENA 1822a.15

    Letter written on behalf of a woman who complains that someone pawned an amount of one dinar. She asks her addressee to take from him …

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  9. 59

    LetterHalper 418

    Letter of appeal for help. In Judaeo-Arabic. Written on behalf of a woman, probably in the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. "A divorced woman complains …

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  10. 60

    LetterT-S Misc.25.59

    Recto: Letter from Ṭurfa, in Fustat, to her sister Esther in the house of Subayʿ (?), unknown location. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: No earlier than 1422 …

    No Scholarship Records

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  11. 61

    LetterT-S 13J25.2

    Letter from Abū l-Faḍl and his mother, perhaps in Fustat, to his father Abū Naṣr, in Asyūṭ. In Judaeo-Arabic. Much of the letter is in …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  12. 62

    LetterT-S 8J23.17

    Letter from a woman in Fustat to her sons. In a mixture of Judaeo-Arabic and Arabic written in an elegant scribal hand. The writer reports …

    ‏ من والدتهم لا عدمتهم ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  13. 63

    LetterT-S 12.495

    Letter from a woman, probably in Alexandria, to her paternal uncle. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: ca. 1030 CE. The writer's family, a family of merchants that …

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  14. 64

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J173

    Letter from the mother of Dā'ūd, in a provincial town, to her son Sulaymān al-Jamal, in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. She complains about a lack of …

    ‏ מן ואלדת דאוד לסולימאן יצל דוכאן ‎ 1
    ‏ אלגמל קצר אלשמע אן ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  15. 65

    LetterENA NS I.99

    Letter from a woman to a certain Yosef written in the hand of Shelomo ha-Melammed b. Eliya. The woman calles herself "his mother" but it …

    No Scholarship Records

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  16. 66

    LetterT-S 13J18.29

    Recto: Letter from a woman to her son Abū l-Faḍā'il al-Yahūdī al-Bawāridī ('the maker of cooling or cold vegetables') in al-Qamra, Alexandria. She describes a …

    ‏ كتابي אלי אלואלד (!) אלעזיז אטאל אללה בקאה ‎ 1
    ‏ ומן חסן אלתופיק לא אכלאה וגמעני ואיאה ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  17. 67

    LetterT-S 12.493

    Letter from a woman to the Head of the Jews, in Fustat. Dating: Early twelfth century (see explanation below). The writer asks the addressee to …

    ‏ לנצח אן [ ‎ 1
    ‏ סתהם קד [תופית וליס מן] ‎ 2
    ‏ ידברהם גי[רי …

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  18. 68

    LetterDK 232.1 (alt: II)

    Petition from the wife of Abu'l-Faraj the Silkweaver, to Shemuʾel ha-Nagid b. Ḥananya (in office 1140–59). She is an "unprotected woman" (marʾa munqaṭiʿa) whose father …


    ‎232a
    ‏ הדרת אדונינו ואור עינינו ומחמד לבינו ועטרת ‎ 1
    ‏ ראשינו ותפארת דורינו //אדונינו// שמואל הגיד (!) הגדול ‎ 2
    ‏ שר השר…

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  19. 69

    LetterT-S 10J18.17

    Petition of a pregnant woman describing herself as a 'lonely foreigner' (gharība qatīʿa). Ibrāhīm, the scribe, emphasizes the great reward and place in heaven the …

    ‏ אן וצל כתאבך וכא[ן ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  20. 70

    LetterENA NS 32.18

    Letter from חצרייה(?) and her mother to פוצילא. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably no earlier than 14th century. The writers report on the condition of the …

    No Scholarship Records

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  21. 71

    LetterENA NS I.35

    Letter. From a woman (see lines 13–15), possibly in Bilbays, to the Nasi Shelomo b. Yishay. Dating: ca. 1240 CE. This letter was likely dictated. …

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  22. 72

    LetterT-S 8J19.29

    Letter from Yosef, in Tripoli, Libya, to his mother, probably in Fustat. Although the address reads "from your son Yosef," the letter is written in …

    ‏ בשמ רח ‎ 1
    ‏ כתאבי אטאל בקאך ואדאם ליך א[ ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  23. 73

    LetterT-S 10J15.9

    Letter from a woman to her husband (ṣāḥib al-bayt). In Judaeo-Arabic. After the greetings, which include wishes for the husband's recovery from illness, she continues, …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  24. 74

    LetterT-S 13J20.22

    Letter from Ḥalfon b. Menashshe's wife, in Fustat, to her brother Abū l-Ḥasan ʿEli b. Hillel, probably in Bahnasa (based on T-S 13J21.18). In the …

    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ לו דהבת אן אשרח לך יא …

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  25. 75

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J71

    Letter from the wife of Yehuda b. Moshe b. Sughmār, in Fustat, to her husband Yehuda b. Moshe b. Sughmār, in Alexandria. The letter was …

    ‏ על שמך ‎ 1
    ‏ וצל כתאבך אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם עזך ותאיידך …

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  26. 76

    LetterT-S 13J13.16

    Petition to David b. Daniel from a destitute woman with no family and afflicted with a serious illness (leprosy, it seems). Dating: ca. 1090 CE. …

    ‏ יענך ייי ביום צרה ישגבך שם אלהי יעקב ‎ 1
    ‏ ישלח עזרך מקודש ומציון יסעדך ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  27. 77

    LetterMoss. VII,138.2

    Letter fragment from Ḥalfon b. Menashshe's wife, in Fustat, to her brother Abū l-Ḥasan ʿEli b. Hillel, probably in Bahnasa (based on T-S 13J21.18). In …

    ‏ וצל כתאבך יא מולאי אטאל אללה] בקאך ואדאם תאיידך ונעמאך ומן חסן ‎ 1
    ‏ אלתופיק לא אכלאך וכאן לך וליא] פי גמיע אמורך פכאן אגל ואצל וצל ווארד ‎ …

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  28. 78

    LetterT-S 8J14.4 + T-S 6J6.1

    Letter from a woman, unknown location, to her brother Yūsuf b. Makārim the cantor and dyer, in Bilbays. In Judaeo-Arabic with the address in both …


    ‎T-S 6J6.1
    ‏ כתאבי אלא אלאך אלעזיז אטאל אלאה בקאה ואדאם ‎ 1
    ‏ עזה ונעמאה ומן אלתופיק לא אכלאה ג…

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  29. 79

    LetterBodl. MS heb. a 3/12

    Recto: Letter from a woman to her distant husband, al-Shaykh al-Muhadhdhab, who has been away for many years, urging him in various ways to return. …

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    • 12 verso
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  30. 80

    LetterT-S 8J27.17 + T-S 10J12.11

    Letter from a woman to her brother in Fustat expressing her loneliness. She gives advice regarding the recipient's relationship with their other brother. "You know …


    ‎Recto.

    ‎T-S 8J27.17
    ‏ בשמך רחמנ ‎ 1
    ‏ כתאבי אליך יאכי ואלעזיז עלי …

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  31. 81

    LetterENA NS 48.6

    Letter of a woman, who was seriously ill, requesting her sister to provide her younger daughter with a proper education. Concerning the illness: "This is …

    ‏ אעלמך יאסתי יאכתי געלני אללה פדאך ‎ 1
    ‏ אנני קד וקעת פי מרץ צעב בעיד אלכלאץ ‎ 2
    ‏ מנה והודא ארי מנאמאת מקארבה ‎ 3
    ‏ לר…

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  32. 82

    LetterENA 1822a.50

    Letter of request in which the widow of Abu Sa'id b. Shalom, writing to a Nagid, expresses a cry for help on behalf of her …

    ‏ אלעבדה אלממלוכה ‎ 1
    ‏ אמראה אבו סעיד בן שלום נע ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  33. 83

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J1

    Letter from a woman named Archondou, in Alexandria, to her son Fuḍayl, in Fustat. Her main purpose in writing emerges at the end: she wants …

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  34. 84

    LetterCUL Or.1081 J8

    Letter of appeal in the name of an old woman, whose mantle was stolen while she was about to wash it in the Nile, asking …

    ‏ בש רח ‎ 1
    ‏ אשריכם זורעי על כל מים משלחי רגל ה והח ‎ 2
    ‏ אשרי שומרי משפט עושה צדקה בכל עת ‎ 3
    ‏ …

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  35. 85

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 66/16

    Recto: Petition to Masliah Gaon from a woman wishing to have a divorce. Probably 1127 CE. Discussed in detail, with translation, in Oded Zinger's dissertation, …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ בשמ רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  36. 86

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 74/37

    Letter of appeal from an elderly, blind woman, mother of several sons and grandsons, to the Gaon Maṣliaḥ. Dating: 1127–38, based on the tenure of …

    ‏ ולתתך ע]ליון על כל הגוים אשר עשה ‎ 1
    ‏ לתהלה] ולשם ולתפארת ולהיותך עם ‎ 2
    ‏ …

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  37. 87

    LetterENA NS 7.43

    Letter of appeal from a woman whose husband had abandoned her with Muslims. "In this fragmentary letter a woman bitterly describes her marital misfortunes. Her …

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  38. 88

    LetterBodl. MS heb. e 45/75

    Letter from a woman, in Qayrawān, to a benefactor, unknown location. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Likely 11th century. The beginning is missing. Her children have nothing …

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  39. 89

    LetterYevr.-Arab. II 1457

    Letter from a woman named Harja (הרגה), somewhere in Syria, to her mother, the wife of Mūsā Ibn Fayrūz, in Cairo. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Late, …

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  40. 90

    LetterT-S 13J21.18

    Letter from Ḥalfon b. Menashshe's daughter to her maternal uncle ʿEli b. Hillel, the deputy overseer (nā'ib al-nāẓir) of Bahnasa. In the hand of Ḥalfon …

    ‏ בשמך רחמ ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  41. 91

    LetterT-S 8.5

    Letter by a Karaite woman to three different family members. The language is opaque in many places. (1) To her mother, she opens with her …

    ‏ בשם ייי ‎ 1
    ‏ אלדי אעלמכם בה אנני מסתוחשה מנכם ‎ 2
    ‏ ופי …

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  42. 92

    LetterT-S 12.575

    Letter on behalf of a Byzantine woman named Rachel, in Alexandria, to Eliyyahu the Judge, in Fustat. The main part of the letter (in Judaeo-Arabic) …

    ‏ בשם רחמ ממלוכתה רחל אלגיורת אלרומיה ‎ 1
    ‏ תקבל אלארץ בין ידי [סיי]דנא אלדיאן כגק מרנו ורבנו אליהו הדיין תפארת ‎ …

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  43. 93

    LetterT-S 10J11.25

    Letter from a penniless woman, the widow of Abū Surrī, to Mevorakh b. Saadya (1094–1111). She begs him to come to her rescue in a …

    ‏ בש [רח ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  44. 94

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 76/60

    A pregnant woman, seemingly well-to-do, complains to her sister in the city about neglect and expresses apprehension that part of her house will be taken …

    ‏ ב[שמך] עבדהא אבראהים געל פדאהא ‎ 1
    ‏ …

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  45. 95

    LetterENA 1822a.2

    Letter from Umm Abū ʿAlī, in the Rif, likely near Damīra, to her son Isḥāq, in Fustat. The latter may live with his aunt and …

    ‏ בשמ ‎ 1
    ‏ כתאבי אליך יא ולדי אלעזיז עלי וענדי אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם ‎ 2
    ‏ תאי…

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  46. 96

    LetterT-S 10J12.16

    Letter from a woman, in Fustat, to her son Abū l-Maḥāsin, in Funduq al-Qamra, Alexandria. Dictated to Abū Manṣūr. Likely belongs with T-S 10J19.26, in …


    ‎Recto:
    ‏ שלום רב לאוהבי תורתך ואין למו מכשול ‎ 1
    ‏ שלום שלום לרחו…

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