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  1. 51

    LetterJRL SERIES B 5964

    Letter fragment in Judaeo-Arabic. Probably 11th-century mercantile. Addressed to Abū Isḥāq Barhūn (?) and Abū Saʿīd Yūsuf. Possibly from a Mūsā.

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  2. 52

    LetterBL OR 10112.D.22

    Letter fragment (top only) from Yisra'el b. Natan to Nahray b. Nissim. In Judaeo-Arabic. Yisra'el tells Nahray to add the dinars to the money he …

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  3. 53

    Legal documentJRL Gaster heb. ms 1770/17

    Legal testimony. Mainly in Judaeo-Arabic. Dated: Heshvan 136[2?] Seleucid, which is 1051 CE. Involves Abū l-Ḥasan Yoshiyya ha-Nasi and Daniel ha-Nasi; also mentions Yefet b. …

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  4. 54

    LetterJRL Gaster heb. ms 1864/9

    Letter in Hebrew. Looks like the handwriting of Shelomo b. Yehuda. Needs examination.

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  5. 55

    LetterJRL Gaster heb. ms 2110a/21

    Business letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Likely 11th century. Mentions brazilwood, but otherwise the remaining text is quite vague.

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  6. 56

    LetterJRL SERIES AF 32

    Business letter from Abū l-Khayr(?) Yeshuʿa b. [...] to Abū Ibrāhīm ʿAyyāsh b. Ṣadaqa. Dating: 11th century. Very well preserved; needs further examination.

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  7. 57

    LetterT-S AS 171.33

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Probably a mercantile letter of the 11th century. The name "Yūsuf" appears in the address, but the rest is very faded. Needs …

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  8. 58

    LetterT-S NS J329

    Letter addressed to Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Likely 11th century. There are somewhat unusual phrases after the address: בלג פדית and ישע יוחש. Mentions a …

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  9. 59

    LetterT-S K25.231

    Letter probably from Nissim b. Ḥalfon, in Tinnīs, to an unidentified addressee, probably in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: mid-11th century. Almost completely unmentioned in the …

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  10. 60

    LetterT-S Ar.54.46

    Multifragment. P2: Maghribī business letter from the 11th century. Nearly entirely preserved, but faded. Mentions well-known merchants such as Barhūn Ibn al-Tāhirtī (r4). Needs examination …

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  11. 61

    LetterDK 172

    Family letter addressed to Moshe b. Yehuda known as Ibn Abī Kharrūba, in Palermo. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 11th century. The letter was written by …

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  12. 62

    LetterT-S NS 322.117

    Letter probably from Menashshe b. Yehoshuaʿ, in Tyre, to the ḥaver Abū l-Faraj Shemaʿya, in Jerusalem. In Judaeo-Arabic with the address in Arabic script. Dating: …

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  13. 63

    LetterT-S NS 322.116

    Letter probably from Menashshe b. Yehoshuaʿ, in Tyre, to the ḥaver Abū l-Faraj Shemaʿya, in Jerusalem. In Judaeo-Arabic. T-S NS 322.101–17 all belong to the …

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  14. 64

    LetterMittwoch 8

    Letter in Hebrew mentioning Avraham b. ʿAllūn, 20 gold coins, a deposit and a lawsuit. Dating: Might be 11th century. Elevated style, partially rhymed, with …

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  15. 65

    LetterT-S Misc.27.4.7

    Letter from Sulaymān b. Shaʾul, perhaps in Sicily, to Salmān b. Shabīb al-Kohen, perhaps in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: mid-11th century. Touches briefly on business …

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  16. 66

    List or tableBodl. MS heb. e 105/51

    Mercantile accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Large fragment. The hand may be known (ʿArūs b. Yosef?). Dating: 11th or 12th century. Mentions various textiles and garments.

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  17. 67

    List or tableBodl. MS heb. e 94/24

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Ibn al-Nagid is mentioned. There is one line in Arabic script at the bottom. From line 6 onward, written in the hand …

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  18. 68

    LetterENA NS 38.18

    Business letter addressed to Abū l-Faraj (Yūsuf b. Yaʿqūb?) Ibn ʿAwkal. In Judaeo-Arabic. This document appears to have been overlooked by past Ibn ʿAwkal scholars. …

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  19. 69

    LetterENA NS 45.30

    Letter fragment from Khiyār b. Yaʿqūb to Abū l-Afrāḥ ʿArūs b. Yūsuf. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Late 11th century. Reused for business accounts on verso. On …

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  20. 70

    LetterENA NS 51.24

    Business letter. In Judaeo-Arabic, wtih the address in Arabic script. Dating: possibly 11th century. The name of the addressee may be legible (Saʿd al-[...]?). People …

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  21. 71

    LetterENA NS 54.30

    Letter fragment sent to Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic with the address in Arabic script. Dating: Liikely 11th century. Little of the content remains. A man named …

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  22. 72

    LetterENA NS 16.26

    Business letter sent from Tripoli, Lebanon. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 11th century. Mentions terrible economic depression in the Levant and asks the addressee to send …

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  23. 73

    LetterENA NS 42.30

    Business letter, fragment. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 11th or 12th century. The writer crossed out the first three lines (following the Arabic-script basmala) and began …

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  24. 74

    LetterENA NS 7.29

    Letter fragment from Faraḥ b. Yūsuf al-Qābisī. In Judaeo-Arabic with the address in both Judaeo-Arabic and Arabic script. Needs examination for content.

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  25. 75

    LetterENA NS 7.77

    Business letter. In Judaeo-Arabic with the address in Arabic script. Addressed to someone in Fustat (whose name may be legible). Dating: Probably 11th century. Deals …

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  26. 76

    LetterENA 3287.1

    Letter from (Abū Saʿd) Ibrāhīm b. Sahl al-Tustarī (d. 1048) to [...] b. ʿAzarya. In Arabic script. The most common [...] b. ʿAzarya in the …

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  27. 77

    LetterT-S Misc.20.4

    Fragment of a business letter to Barhūn b. Mūsā b. Barhūn al-Tahertī from his 'brother.'

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  28. 78

    LetterT-S Misc.26.38

    Letter from Hārūn b. Yaʿqūb, in Tiberias, possibly addressed to Mūsā b. Ismāʿīl b. Sahl. Dating: Likely 11th century. Dealing with the indigo trade. Needs …

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  29. 79

    Legal documentT-S Misc.35.17

    Legal queries addressed to Shemarya b. Elḥanan regarding marital laws. One in Hebrew and one in Judaeo-Arabic (this one crossed out)

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  30. 80

    LetterT-S Misc.35.44

    Letter from Yoshiyya Gaon to Efrayim b. Shemarya, in Fustat. The sender's name is partially preserved at the top of the letter, in a different …

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  31. 81

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 65/36

    Letter from Khalfūn b. Benaya(?) to Abū Zikrī Yaḥyā b. Mūsā Majjānī. (The names are very difficult to read; these may be not exactly right.) …

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    • 36 recto
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  32. 82

    LetterT-S AS 145.35

    Mercantile letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 11th century. The sender intends to travel to Barqa. Mentioning Yosef b. Shāhūn. Reused on recto for Psalms 30:1-13 …

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  33. 83

    LetterJRL SERIES B 2539

    Fragment of a Judaeo-Arabic business letter, probably 11th century. Mentions Avraham b. Farrāḥ, Yūsuf b. Bishr, and a purchase that the writer made in al-Maḥalla.

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  34. 84

    LetterJRL SERIES A 684

    Letter from Abūn b. Ṣadaqa, in Jerusalem, to Nahray b. Nissim, probably in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic with the address in Arabic script. Asks Nahray to …

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  35. 85

    LetterJRL SERIES B 3190

    Fragment of a Judaeo-Arabic letter, probably mercantile, sent from al-Mahdiyya. The addressee is Abū l-Surūr [...] b. Natan.

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  36. 86

    LetterJRL SERIES B 3574

    Small fragment of a Judaeo-Arabic letter, probably mercantile, including the phrase "I sent it to Qayrawan."

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  37. 87

    LetterJRL SERIES B 3605

    Fragment of a Judaeo-Arabic letter to Nahray b. Nissim (address in Arabic)

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    • 1 / 1 leaf, recto
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  38. 88

    LetterMoss. IV,34.2

    Fragment of a letter in the hand of Mūsā b. Yaʿqūb, in Damascus, to Abū l-ʿAlāʾ Yūsuf b. Dāʾūd (Ibn Shaʿyā), in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic …

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  39. 89

    List or tableT-S NS J123

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Likely 11th century, likely in the hand of a known merchant. Mentions ambergris.

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  40. 90

    LetterDK 296.9

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: 11th century. Mentions Ibn ʿAlī b. Raḥmūn al-Bazzāz, Abū Yiṣḥaq b. Sughmār, the brokers (dallālīn), and many other matters. Needs further …

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  41. 91

    LetterJRL SERIES B 4657

    Letter fragment sent from Jerusalem. The body is in Judaeo-Arabic and the address is in Arabic script. Dating: Possibly 11th century, based on the hand …

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  42. 92

    List or tableBodl. MS heb. d 65/36

    Business accounts, mentioning goods from India, myrobalan, and pepper, among many other things.

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    • 36 verso
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  43. 93

    List or tableENA NS 38.8

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic, extensive. Dating: Likely 11th century. Many names are mentioned, including Barhūn and al-Dustarī (=al-Tustarī) and Bunyām al-Ḥazzan. Commodities inclue ambergris.

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  44. 94

    Legal documentT-S NS 138.91

    Probably a leaf from a court ledger, in the hand of Efrayim b. Shemarya. There are multiple records here. both on recto and verso. Apparently …

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  45. 95

    LetterENA 1157.19

    Business letter from a Maghribī merchant. Addressed to Yosef b. Yaʿaqov and Hilāl (or at least these names appear in the address) In Judaeo-Arabic, with …

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  46. 96

    LetterENA 1157.23

    Business letter from a Maghribi merchant. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 11th century. Not mentioned in the literature. Avraham b. Yamān is mentioned. The sickness of …

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  47. 97

    LetterT-S NS 225.3

    Mercantile letter. On parchment. Dating: Early 11th century. The address is only partially legible and written in a confusing way. The sender appears to be …

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  48. 98

    LetterMoss. II,102.1

    Fragment of a business letter in Judaeo-Arabic to Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm (?), mentioning someone who died in Balad al-Rūm and licorice (sūs). The handwriting is …

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  49. 99

    List or tableT-S NS J169

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Bifolium. See PGP 20645

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  50. 100

    LetterT-S AS 118.54

    Recto, and margin of verso (secondary use): Letter or draft in Hebrew and Judaeo-Arabic involving Abū Naṣr al-Dustarī (=al-Tustarī) (d. 1049/50), something from "the West," …

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