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  1. 251

    State documentF 1908.44S + Mainz MS 2

    Report to an Ayyubid official mentioning the current ruler al-Malik al-ʿĀdil (the First, d. 1218) and his recently deceased son Shams al-Dīn Mamdūd (aka Mawdūd). …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  2. 252

    State documentENA 3974.3

    Petition to the Fatimid ruler Sitt al-Mulk. Dating (Rustow): 411–14/1021–24. In which the otherwise unknown Yaḥyā b. al-Ḥasan complains that a local amīr has confiscated …

    Recto

    1. عبدها يحيى بن الحسن من ناحية< >
    2. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    3. اعلم مولاتنا السيدة خلد الله ملكَها وثبت عزها ببقا مولانا وسيدنا 
    4. الامام الظاهر لاعزاز…

    Recto

    1. Her slave Yaḥyā b. al-Ḥasan from the district of :
    2. In the name of God, the merciful, the compassionate.
    3. I inform our mistress, the lady—may Go…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  3. 253

    State documentT-S H15.62

    Petition to the Ayyubid sultan al-ʿĀdil regarding the capitation tax. Dating: ca. 596–615 AH, which is 1200–18 CE. The petitioner asks that his tax rate …

    Verso

    1. العادلى المظفري [     ]ـي .[سلطان]

    2. جيوش المسلمين وادام قدرته واعلا ابدا كـ[ـلمته] ...

    3. المملوك يقبل الارض امامه وينهى الى

    4. رافته واحسانه …

    1. ... al-‘Ādil, the victorious [ sultan]

    2. of the armies of the Muslims, (may God) cause his power to endure and exalt his word for ever.

    3. The slave…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  4. 254

    LetterT-S 13J22.9

    Letter from the teacher Dāʾūd Ibn al-Ḥaver of Qalyub to the judge Shelomo b. Eliyyahu. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: ca. 1225 CE. Complaining about his meager …

    1. פרי צדיק עץ חיים
    2. ינהי אלממלוך אלי מגלס אלולד
    3. אלעזיז אלפרע אלנביל אלעאלם
    4. אלעאמל מר ור ברכות התלמיד
    5. החכם המלמד יהי שמו לעולם
    6. ואעלמה אני כתיר אלשוק לסמ…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  5. 255

    State documentT-S K2.96

    Petition to Saladin from ʿAbd al-Bāqī b. Yaḥyā, the Jew, a resident of Malīj, in the province of al-Gharbiyya, in the Delta. Dating: ca. 564–89 …

    Verso, upper margin

    1. ⟦ناصر⟧
    2. ناصح الدين اسحق

    Verso

    1.              المملوك 

    2.              عبد الباقى بن يحيى اليهودى 

    3.              المقيم بلمليج

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  6. 256

    LetterT-S 8J16.7

    Letter addressed to Abu Sahl b. Moshe, the cantor, in which the writer requests aid in a mixture of Hebrew and Judeo-Arabic. In a post-scripted …

    1. תו שלום וג'
    2. שלום רב לאהבי תורותך
    3. שלום שלום לירחוק (!) ולקרב
    4. סבב הדה אלרקעה ולכבר מן מר' ור'
    5. אלשיך אבו // סהל // החבר השר ה/א/דיר החכם
    6. והניבון (!) ומ…

    Recto

    "[Say] as follows: '[To life!] Greetings to [you],'" etc. (1 Samuel 25:6).

    "Those who love Your teaching enjoy well-being" (Psalm 119:165). 

    "P…

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  7. 257

    State documentENA NS 18.26

    Response to a letter of complaint concerning taxation of the Jews of Tiberias. The letter refers to a sijill mukarram (noble decree) of the caliph …

    Recto

    ...

    1. واصلنا الشكوى فيما نفعنا معه [
    2. وورد السجل المكرم من الحضرة المجيدة يذكر فيه ما
    3. انهاه سباع بن فرج اليهودي من حال اليهود الذمة
    4. بطبرية وان في…

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  8. 258

    LetterENA NS 16.30

    Letter/petition to a local dayyan (judge). A complaint against Sulaymān b. Hānī, the abusive husband of the sender's daughter. Including an episode where the husband …

    ENA NS 16, f. 30 ed. Friedman, Jewish Polygyny, pp.262-263 N.H. 04-26-88, (P). Letter to a local dayyan (judge) concerning marital problems of the wr…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  9. 259

    LetterCUL Or.1081 J9

    Letter from a Byzantine silk dyer to the elder al-Najib Ezra in Fustat, detailing that the writer is afflicted by severe agony (al-ʿadhāb al-shadīd) after …

    1. בשמ רחמ
    2. עבד חצרה מולאי אלשיך אלאגל אלנגיב יעזרהו צור
    3. ישראל ינהי אלי חצרתה אנה רגל כאן מתעיש פי
    4. דיאר אלרום פי אלצבג פאגיב אליה תיאב חריר להא
    5. קדר יצבג…

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  10. 260

    Legal documentT-S Misc.29.24

    Deed in which Abū Saʿd Efrayim b. ʿEli the Jew acquires the lease of a plot of land in Fusṭāṭ from Abū l-Futūḥ Ghālib b. …

    Recto

    1. بســــــــــــــــم الله الرحمن الرحيم الحمد لله وصلواته على سيدنا محمد رسوله واله وسلامه
    2. هذا ما استاجر افرایم بن عالي الاسرائيلي من أبي الفتو…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  11. 261

    LetterENA NS 55.9 + ENA NS I.55

    Letter from a widow in Safed regarding her property in Egypt, to a communal leader. In Hebrew, late and beautifully written. The writer seems to …

    No Scholarship Records

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  12. 262

    LetterT-S Misc.27.4.10

    Letter/report/petition addressed to the Nagid Shemuel b. Ḥananya. Concerns Ḥāzim the tax rallier (ḥashshār) who was placed under house arrest (tarsīm) and relieved of his …

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  13. 263

    LetterT-S Ar.40.84

    Verso (secondary use): Petition/letter of appeal for charity in Arabic script. From Manṣūr. The sender and his family have perished from illness (maraḍ, awjāʿ), poverty, …

    Margin:

    1. [المملوك]
    2. منصور

    Top:

    1. يقصد الله تعالى ويقصد مولانا

    Margin:

    1. المملوك
    2. منصور

    Main text:

    1. قد علم الله تعالى ان ما له وجه يتجه به اليه
    2. الى باب…

    1 Transcription

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  14. 264

    State documentT-S Ar.30.273

    Fatimid petition to al-Āmir bi-Aḥkām Allāh from a Jewish merchant, Mūsā b. Ṣadaqa, who was detained unlawfully after his return from India and Yemen with …

    Recto

    1. العبد المملوك

    2. موسى بن صدقة التاجر اليهودي

    3. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    4. صلوات الله وبركاته ونوامى زكواته وافضل سلامه وتحياته على مولانا

    5. وسيد…

    Recto

    1. The servant and slave

    2. Mūsā ibn Ṣadaqa, the Jewish merchant.

    3. In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate.

    4. The benedictions of God…

    4 Transcriptions 2 Translations

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  15. 265

    State documentENA 2917.1

    Petition or report, Fatimid, fragment from near the beginning containing end of blessings, the taqbīl clause, and part of the qiṣṣa. Dating: 1100–71.

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  16. 266

    State documentT-S AS 184.156

    State document, Fatimid period. Petition or report to a vizier (beginning only), possibly under al-ʿAḍid (see line 4, where the blessing uses the verb ʿaḍada; …

    1. مولانا وسيد[نا
    2. وابنائه الاكرمين [
    3. المجلس السامي السـيد[ي
    4. الكاملي الهادي عضد [الله به الدين وامتع بطول بقاءه امير المؤمنين]

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  17. 267

    LetterT-S NS 288.179

    Recto: A private petition/letter in Arabic script from ʿAbdallāh b. Ṣāʿid to the son of al-Shaykh al-Thiqa, in Minyat Ziftā Jawād. Most of the addressee's …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  18. 268

    LetterT-S 12.470

    Letter in Arabic to a certain Amīr [...] al-Dawla wa-[...]hā, perhaps reporting on business setbacks and the imposition of a new tax. The sender begins …

    Recto

    1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم 

    2. عدل مولاي الامير الجليل رشيد(؟) الدولة وموصيها (؟) اطال الله بقاه وادام 

    3. تاييده وتمهيده  وقدرته ورفعته وسلطانه وس…

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  19. 269

    State documentT-S NS 306.48

    Petition from the Jewish physician Sulaymān b. Mūsā. In Arabic script. He reports that he "was raised among the physicians of the hospital (māristān) in …

    Recto

    1. عبدها ومملوكها سليمان بن
    2. موسى اليهودي المتطبب
    3. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    4. عبد حضرة مولـ[يين] الشيخين الاجلين حرس الله عزهما
    5. وثبت سعدتهما وادام علوه…
    1. The slave Sulaymān b.
    2. Mūsā, the Jewish Physician
    3. In the name of God, the merciful and beneficial
    4. The slave, of two noble and eminent masters, may G…

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  20. 270

    LetterT-S 10J16.4

    Letter from the widow of the cantor Ben Nahman to a Gaon concerning the difficulties she is having with the son of her late husband …

    1. אלעבדה זוגה
    2. אלחזאן בן נחמאן
    3. אלעבדה תנהי אלי הדרת הגאונות תכן מ[שר]תה לנצח
    4. ח]אל אלעבדה וולדהא וג/ו/עהם ועריהם לאן ללעבדה
    5. משתתה הי וולדהא ען אלדאר ג ש…

    Your slave, the wife (= widow) of 

    [the] cantor Ben Naḥman 

    [I(n the name of the)] M(erciful) 

    Your slave informs your excellency the Gaon, may you…

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  21. 271

    State documentENA 3700.1

    Petition or report to the Fatimid chief qāḍī and chief dāʿī (القاضي الاجل المكين سيد الوزرا وتاج الاصفيـ[ـا قاضي القضـ]ـاة وداعي الدعاة علم المجد عمدة …

    1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم توكلت على الله

    2. كتب مملوك سيدنا القاضي الاجل المكين سيد الوزرا وتاج الاصفياء

    3. قاضي القضـ]ـاة وداعي الدعاة علم المجد عمدة ا…

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  22. 272

    LetterT-S 10J14.25

    Letter from a man who has been seized with unbearable chills to Mevorakh b. Yiṣḥaq, appealing for his help. The letter ends with extensive prayers …

    1. בשם אל אלהי ישראל
    2. שלום שלום ועוצם ברכות מיקט ושאנן מרגוע ומנוחה
    3. ואורה ושמחה וצהלה והצלחה וגיל ורנן ותפלה זכה ומעטה
    4. תהלה ואיימנעמים ושנים ארוכים וחבר…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  23. 273

    LetterT-S 8J37.10

    Petition from Yusuf requesting help from the addressee, Natan, for a woman who has weak vision and a blind daughter. The sender also enquires after …

    1. ]יב נתן הזקן הקבה לא
    2. ] פהמת תצמנה וקד עלמת
    3. ] אכתר מן אלחאגה לאכן
    4. ] אלדעא מני ואטיב אלמנא
    5. ]נצף אלי דלך שכרי לכבד
    6. ]כם והנ הירא שמים בר מר ור
    7. ] . .ל וא…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  24. 274

    State documentT-S NS 164.33

    Draft report containing two taqbīl and narratio (inhāʾ) sections. The first section mentions local residents impeding access with stones. Reused for Targum Onqelos of Numbers …

    1 Transcription

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  25. 275

    LetterCUL Or.1081 J61

    Petition in Judaeo-Arabic to help the cantor Thābit Ibn al-Munajjim, who was ill and had been imprisoned for two months for not paying his capitation …

    1 Discussion

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  26. 276

    LetterHalper 358

    Letter to Eliyyahu concerning the thirty-dirham balance of the capitation tax (jizya) owed by Abu al-Makarim, who is in great need of it because he …

    1. בשמ רחמ
    2. כאן קד תקדם קולי ללמילי אלשיך אלאגל מר ור אליה שצ
    3. פי מעני אלשיך בי אלמכארם באנה קד בקי עליה מן אלגזיה
    4. ל דרהם והו פי שדה ואל גמעה ירסם עליה א…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  27. 277

    LetterT-S Ar.54.23

    Recto: Letter of appeal for charity addressed to al-Rayyis Yūsuf. In Arabic script, calligraphic with large letters. Asking him to bestow two garments (thawbayn) on …

    1 Discussion

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  28. 278

    State documentT-S 13J8.27

    Report to a vizier of al-Ḥāfiẓ from a military official. The sender refers to previous petitions, and also makes a new request for a rescript. …

    Verso

    1. [              ] ولما وصل الارتفاع المتوج بالعلامة ا[لشريفة                                        ]
    2. [              ] على ظهر كتاب متولى الترت…
    1. [ ] When the gross receipts headed with the [noble] motto arrived [ ]

    2. [ ] on the verso of the document of the director of stipends, the footsoldi…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  29. 279

    State documentT-S AS 124.135

    Fragment of a petition from a woman, in Arabic script. She complains about her poverty and the vicissitudes of fate, but it seems she has …

    No Scholarship Records

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  30. 280

    LetterT-S 8J16.29

    Letter written by a Byzantine scribe in Egypt on behalf of an unnamed blind man, addressed to a charitable administrator called ‘Eli ha-Kohen b. Hayyim …

    1. לכבוד גדולת קדושת הדרת נזר ועטרת
    2. אל מרנא ורבנא עלי הפרנס הנאמן החכם והנבון
    3. הצדיך התם הישר שעשה עמי טובות הרבה
    4. מיום בואי ואני עבדו הסגי נהור אתענה
    5. בכ…

    Recto

    1. To your honor, greatness, and holiness, excellent diadem and crown. 
    2. To our master and teacher Eli the parnas, the trusted, the wise and disce…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  31. 281

    State documentBodl. MS heb. b 18/21 + T-S Ar.30.278

    Eight rough drafts of a petition to the Fatimid Caliph al-Mustanṣir from the followers of Shelomo b. Yehuda, probably the end of 1041 (according to …

    1. קד כאנו אלעביד אסתגארו אללה
    2. סבחאנה ובאלחצרה אלטאהרה
    3. פי אן תתצדק עליהם באלתצרף פי
    4. אדיאנהם חסב [[אכתיארהם]] מא
    5. יתסע להם ואן לא ימכן בעצהם
    6. א [2]
    7. قد كان…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 3 Discussions

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  32. 282

    State documentHalper 354

    Testimony in Arabic script probably meant to accompany an investiture petition from the gaʾon Shelomo b. Yehuda to the newly appointed caliph al-Mustanṣir billāh, listing …

    Recto

    1. [ بعد ما التمسوا]جميعا وفرادا
    2. [ ان يشهدوا هذه الشهاده قال كل]منهم من كتب شهادته بخطه
    3. [ فى اخر هذا الكتاب ان ا]لذى عرفوه وعقلوه ويشهدوا
    4. [ به فى…
    1. (Having been requested,) we, all together and each separately, 

    2. (to deliver this testimony,) namely all those writing their witness and signing 

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  33. 283

    LetterCUL Add.3348

    Verso (original use) Letter of appeal for charity. The writer lost his wealth "in an instant" and had to wander in search of help. He …

    1. יש מתעשר ואין כל מתרושש וג
    2. יש הבל אשר נעשה על הארץ וג
    3. את הכל ראיתי בימי הבלי יש צדיק וג
    4. ואני אמרתי בשלוי בל אמוט לעולם וכמעט
    5. הייתי בכל רע בתוך קהל ו…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  34. 284

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J39 + BL OR 5566B.5

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic from Ṣedaqa b. Khalaf b. Fuhayd, in Tyre, to al-Shaykh al-jalīl Abū Isḥaq Ibrāhīm Ibn al-Sheviʿi. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Late 11th century …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  35. 285

    LetterT-S 12.290

    Last page of a letter from Abū Naṣr b. Avraham, in Alexandria, to a public figure, in Fustat. Identification is based on handwriting and style. …

    Recto

    1. תתמה אלכתאב
    2. ואמא בן פילן כאן פי [אבן אלכ]תוש ובלגהם אן מרכב אלצלטאן
    3. פי טברק וכאנו הם פי אלמלאחה פסארו טאלבין מרכב
    4. אלצלטאן ליטלעו פיה הו וגמאעה…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  36. 286

    LetterT-S AS 146.15

    Letter to the judge Eliyyahu b. Zekharya requesting he intervene with the Nagid on behalf of the bearer of the letter, who had spent six …

    1. ורבצת ואין מחריד וג
    2. אלי אלמגלס אלעאלי אלריסי אלאגלי [ . . . . . .
    3. אלאגל כגק מרינו ורבינו אליהו הדיין
    4. והנבון שצ . . . . אליה ירום הודו אן מוצל
    5. הדה אל…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  37. 287

    State documentT-S H10.299

    Upper part of a petition (first 9 lines) addressed to "al-amīr... al-mujāhid al-muthāghir al-murābiṭ al-isfahsalār... Shihāb al-Dīn." Dating: 13th century, or possibly later. The petitioner …

    1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    2. يقبل الارض بالمجلس السامي المولوي الاميري
    3. الاوحدي الاعزي الاخصي المجاهد المثاغر
    4. المرابط الاسفهسلار الكريم المخدومي شهاب الدين…

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  38. 288

    State documentENA 4020.65

    Petition from Shelomo b. Yehuda to the caliph al-Ẓāhir (matn only) defending his position against Yūsuf al-Sijilmasi, the Iraqi leader in Palestine. Dating: original document …

    1. ואלדי קצד אלדאעי בכניסתין וריאסתין ן
    2. אלסגל מאסי לאנהו אדא גאז אן תכון ריאסתין גאז אן תכון
    3. תלאתה ואכתר מן /דלך/ וודא דלך אלא מא לא (נ)האיה לה מן אלפת…

    Recto

    1. And as far as the argument in favor of the two synagogues and the two authorities is concerned, (it has already been refuted by) Ibn

    2. Sijilm…

    4 Transcriptions

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  39. 289

    LetterT-S 10J15.17

    Letter (petition) asking for help to free the writer’s brother who apparently had been incarcerated for failing to pay the capitation tax (here, called kharāj). …

    1. ואלרחמה לכל אחד סימא למן יערפוה והוא ברכאת ותר . . . . יוסף אבן
    2. אלמלהמי אכו סאביק אלחזן ר אל וקד כאן . עש פי פעל מולאי אשיך
    3. וגאהוה עליה אילא אין מאת…

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  40. 290

    LetterT-S 12.493

    Letter from a woman to the Head of the Jews, in Fustat. Dating: Early twelfth century (see explanation below). The writer asks the addressee to …

    1. לנצח אן [
    2. סתהם קד [תופית וליס מן]
    3. ידברהם גי[רי ] אן הדה אלדינארין אלדי תוכד
    4. פי מאונת[הם מא יחצל] מנהא גיר כסרה כבז פקט עלי
    5. מ]וצע אלאמור ואיצא אן הונ…

    Recto

    [ ... May your rule last] for ever. 

    The grandmother [of the orphans so-and-so and so-and-so has died and there is now no one] who looks after …

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  41. 291

    LetterT-S AS 150.13

    Communal petition. Petition from a man claiming to be without shelter and saying he was living in a donkey's stable without anything to eat. He …

    1. . . . . . . . ] .ך מעאני .[ . . . . . . .
    2. . . . . . . . ]כדה ען כד . [ . . . . . . .
    3. . . . . . . . ]אנא . ה . [ . . . . . . .
    4. . . . . . . . ] אכתרה …

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  42. 292

    LetterT-S 10J18.17

    Petition of a pregnant woman describing herself as a 'lonely foreigner' (gharība qatīʿa). Ibrāhīm, the scribe, emphasizes the great reward and place in heaven the …

    1. אן וצל כתאבך וכא[ן
    2. חלפת מא אפכה אל[
    3. תעאלי שוק . . [
    4. אולהא ומא קדרת [
    5. אללה ישאהדני . [
    6. למן נסתנד אלא ל[
    7. גריבה קטיעה חז[ינה
    8. ולולא חבלי אלא וכ[
    9. לך מא א…

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  43. 293

    LetterT-S Ar.51.111

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Likely Tammuz 1232 CE, and almost definitely 1232–37 CE. See below for explanation. Writer and addressee are unidentified. The writer dictated …

    1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]בקה אלל[ה] תעאלי וגמיע
    2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .…

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  44. 294

    LetterENA 1822a.46

    Letter in Arabic script concerning a governor, a bishop and monasteries. In the formal third-person address, the writer apologizes for sending the request in writing …

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  45. 295

    State documentT-S AS 150.3

    State document, Mamluk period, 1442. Draft of a petition from the Jewish community of Fustat to the Mamluk government concerning the malpractices of ‘Abd al-Latif …

    recto

    1. אלממאליך גמאעה אליהוד רע[ייה
    2. אלמקאם אלשריף ואלאסלאם אל[כרים
    3. יקבלו אלארץ וינהו אנהם [פי] בל[א
    4. עטים מן יום תולא [[עליהם]] עבד לטיף
    5. אלמתטבב רייס …

    Recto

    (1)Your slaves, the Jewish community, the su[bjects] of your noble highness and of [gracious] Islam 

    (3-5) kiss the earth and report that they…

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  46. 296

    LetterT-S AS 170.226

    Letter/petition from a man to a group of judges asserting that he pays sufficient support to his wife [...] bt. Ḥayyim(?) b. [..]hā(?) and to …

    No Scholarship Records

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  47. 297

    LetterT-S 8J22.13 + T-S 10J6.17

    Recto: Letter from Natan, a foreigner from Jerba (the island off the coast of Ifrīqiyya), who claims that he has been unjustly placed under house …

    1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ]ת
    2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .…

    Recto

    [...h]onor, gre(atness and) hol(iness), our mas(ter) and tea(cher) the great Dignitary [...] his welfare, [...ho]nored and precious, and whose …

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  48. 298

    State documentT-S Ar.40.16

    Petition to an Ayyubid sultan from a Jewish physician. "The slave Makārim b. Isḥāq, the doctor. In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate. …

    Recto

    1.                    المملوك 

    2.                    مكارم بن اسحق المتطبب

    3. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم 

    4. يقبل الارض فينهى انه ممن نشا طبيبا ماهرا ف…

    1. The slave

    2. Makārim ibn 'Isḥāq, the doctor.

    3. In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate.

    4. (The slave) kisses the ground and reports that …

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  49. 299

    State documentJRL Gaster ar. 360

    Draft of copy of a petition in Arabic script addressed to al-Malik al-ʿAzīz Sayf al-Islām Ṭughtakīn, the second Ayyubid amir of Yemen (and brother of …

    Recto

    1. الى ديار اليمن
    2. نسخة المنشو[ر](؟) الـ . . . . . . .
    3. ىىسور(؟) يقدم بالمقام الاجل الملك العزيز //[سـ]ـيف الاسلام//
    4. الاوحد المقدم الامير . . . . .…

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  50. 300

    State documentENA 1179.29

    Report or petition to a Fatimid caliph or vizier, opening blessings only. Dating: ca. 1100–71. Cuts off after the taqbīl clause. Addressee may be al-Afḍal …

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