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  1. 51

    LetterT-S Misc.25.103

    Letter from Khalaf b. Yiṣḥaq in Aden to Avraham Ibn Yijū in Jurbattan (Srikandapuram), dated Elul 1458 Sel. (August 1147). Written in Khalaf's characteristic hyperpolite …

    Recto

    1. בשמֹ רחֹ
    2. בלכתך לא יצר צעדיך ואם תרוץ לא תכשל
    3. והיה שדי בצריך וכסף תועפות לך
    4. כי יו יהיה בכסליך ושמר רגלך מלכד
    5. וצלת כתב חצרה אלשיך אלאגל מולאי אט…

    Recto

    1. In Your name, O Merciful.

    2. You will walk, without breaking stride; when you run, you will not stumble.

    3. And Shaddai be your treasure, and p…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  2. 52

    Legal documentCUL Add.3414.1–2

    India Book I, 10–11: Court proceedings from Fustat dealing with the dispute between Yosef ha-Lebdi the India trader, and Yequtiʾel b. Moshe, 'the representative of …

    I, 10 Recto:

    1. בתרין בשבה דהוא תרי עשר יומי בירח תמוז
    2. דשנת אלפא וארבע מאה ותשע שנין למניינא
    3. דרגיליננא ביה בפסטאט מצרים דעל נילוס
    4. נהרא מותבה כן הוה אסת…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  3. 53

    LetterENA 2739.17

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic from a father to his sons, from India Book VII, 60 (unpublished). Note that Goitein calls this manuscript ENA 2739.16 in Letters …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  4. 54

    LetterENA 1822a.8

    Letter, India book VII66 (unpublished). Letter from South Arabia to Egypt giving order on a large gift to Maimonides. On verso an Arabic account of …

    Recto

    1. ] . . . ונפדתה צחבה אבו
    2. סעד וקד דפע אבו סעד אלגוזה ואלענבר אלי אל
    3. שיך מצמון פבאללה עליך לא תשגל אמה קלבהא
    4. חית לם יצל מנה כתאב וחק אלתורה מא הו…

    3 Transcriptions 2 Discussions

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  5. 55

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J91

    Business letter addressed to Abū Zikrī Yehuda b. Yosef ha-Kohen Sijilmāsī. In Judaeo-Arabic. Mentions Barakāt Ibn al-Lebdī; Hārūn b. Rajā; Efrayim b. Ismāʿīl. (Goitein's attached …

    2 Transcriptions

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  6. 56

    List or tableT-S Ar.54.20.1–2

    Two bifolios from a ledger of accounts. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 11th or 12th century. The hand may be known.

    No Scholarship Records

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  7. 57

    List or tableT-S K15.98

    Estate of Nissim b. Yaʿqūb, a merchant who died in Suakin (present-day Sudan) on Monday, 7 Shaʿbān 503 AH (approximately 1110 CE). The handwriting appears …

    2 Transcriptions

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  8. 58

    LetterENA 2558.2

    Recto: Letter likely sent from Aden to Fustat. (The locations are not specified in the document; this is Goitein's assessment.) In Judaeo-Arabic, written in a …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  9. 59

    LetterT-S 8J21.7

    Letter from Faraḥ b. Yosef b. Faraḥ, Alexandria, to Abū Saʿd Khalaf b. Sahl in Fustat. Dating: mid-eleventh century. In which the writer asks the …

    Recto

    1. תמאם כתאב מולאי אלשיך אבו סעיד בן נתנאל וקד כנת תרכת ענד מולאי
    2. אלשיך אלתיאב אלסקלי אלדי למולאי אלשיך אבי אלחסן בן ששון נ'ע' וקד סאלני
    3. סואל מול…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  10. 60

    LetterT-S 16.215

    Commercial letter related to the India trade. Dating: 1154–61. Mentions sprinkler bottles (qumqum) for rose water brought by the qāḍī Najm al-Dīn, and ‘pure’ (ṭahor) …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  11. 61

    LetterT-S 16.262

    Letter from Moshe b. Labrāṭ, in al-Mahdiyya, to the Head of the Jews of Egypt (Moshe b. Mevorakh) asking him to assist the son of …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  12. 62

    LetterT-S 16.308

    Letter from Daʿūd Fasī to the cloth merchant Abū l-Afraḥ ʿArus b. Joseph. (Information from CUDL.) See also Goitein notes below.

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  13. 63

    LetterT-S 16.345

    Two copies of a letter from Mahruz to Sulayman b. Abu Zikri Kohen before sailing back to India. Aden, ca. 1137-1147.

    II, 56

    בשמ רחמ

    1. וצל כתאב חצרה אלשיך אלאגל מולאי אטאל אללה
    2. בקאה ואדאם עזה ונעמאה וחראסתה וזלפאה
    3. וגבטתה וארתקאה ורפעתה וסנאה ועונה ועליאה
    4. ומן חסן תופיק…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  14. 64

    LetterT-S 16.298

    Commercial letter sent from Isaac and Joseph (probably in Babylonia) to Judah ha-Sar, mentioning a voyage to India and commodities including gold and silver slag …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  15. 65

    LetterT-S 8J21.10

    Letter from Avraham Ibn Yiju, written in Aydhab, probably around 1152, while on his way to Egypt. The letter reveals the distrust between associates and …

    III, 39

    1. בשֹ רחֹ
    2. כי יי יהיה בכסלך ושמר רגלך מלכד ותגזר אומר ויקם לך וגמ
    3. כתאבי אלי מולאי וסיידי אלשיך אלאגל אטאל אללה בקאה ואדאם נעמאה
    4. ען חאל סלאמה וע…
    1. In Your name, O Merciful.
    2. For the Lord will be your trust; He will keep your feet from being caught. You will decree and it will be fulfilled, etc.…

    2 Transcriptions

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  16. 66

    Unknown typeT-S 8J23.20

    Judge Elijah orders a white "burda", some handwriting exercises at the bottom

    2 Transcriptions

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  17. 67

    Legal documentT-S Ar.54.20.3

    Fol. 3: Legal document. Left side of an agreement with a wife that she would receive the rent from the middle story of a house, …

    1. ]ע וכיל אלשיך אסחק אלנפוסי בר מכלוף
    2. ]ן נע עלי גמלה כרי אלדאר גמיעהא ויחאסב
    3. ] ללבדי אגרה אלטבקה אלוסטאניה אלדי געלהא להא
    4. עא]ם אול שנת אתלז ממא בקי ענ…

    3 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  18. 68

    LetterBL OR 5542.17

    Part of a copy of the same letter that is preserved in full in T-S 16.345, a letter from Mahruz to Sulayman b. Abu Zikri …

    1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  19. 69

    LetterT-S 13J18.2

    Letter from a Jewish trader in India to his partner in Egypt. In Judaeo-Arabic. Among many other matters, he mentions donations to pilgrimage sites in …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  20. 70

    LetterNLI 577.3/6

    Letter from Khalaf b. Yiṣḥaq in Aden to Avraham Ibn Yiju in Mangalore, dated July-August 1148. The letter contains information about their commercial dealings and …

    III, 16

    1. בשמ רחמ
    2. וצל כתאב חצרה אלשיך אלאגל מולאי ומאלכי
    3. חרס אללה נעמתה וסרמד גבטתה ומכן
    4. בסטתה ואעלי כלמתה ורפע פי אלדארין דרגתה
    5. וכבת אעדאה וחסדתה ומא…

    1 Transcription 2 Translations

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  21. 71

    LetterT-S 12.337

    Letter from Avraham Ibn Yiju, in Fustat, to his brother, Yosef, in Mazara, Sicily. Dating: September 1153 (Goitein) or 1152 (Friedman). It appears that Ibn …

    Recto

    1. בש רח
    2. כתאבי אלי אכי וסיידי אל עזיז עלי אל את[יר …]
    3. אטאל אללה בקאה וצאנה ווקאה קרב אללה אלאגתמאע
    4. בה עלי אפצל אחואל ואסר אמאל במנה ופצלה לאנה
    5. על…

    Recto

    1. In Your name, O Merciful.
    2. This is my letter to you, my dear, nob[le] brother and lord [. . .],
    3. may God prolong your life and preserve you and …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  22. 72

    LetterT-S Ar.39.480

    Letter from Ṭāhir, in Qūṣ, to his mother, in Alexandria. In Arabic script; large, very regular characters. Dating: Possibly 11th century. Goitein notes that this …

    2 Transcriptions

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  23. 73

    LetterENA 3788.7

    Business letter from Yūsuf b. Ibrahim b. Bundār to Abū Zikrī Kohen (aka Yehuda b. Yosef Sijilmāsī). In Judaeo-Arabic and some Hebrew, with the address …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  24. 74

    LetterT-S 12.287

    Letter from Abū Naṣr b. Avraham, in Alexandria, to Ḥalfon b. Netanel ha-Levi. Dating: February 1141 CE. In Judaeo-Arabic. This was written after Ḥalfon departed …

    1. [... רבנ]ו יהודה הלוי
    2. [...]הִיִהִ[...]ו אלדי הו מג אטם
    3. [...] וִקִעִ כנת סִאִמע דפעאת עדה
    4. [... ולו וצפת] מא נאלניִ מן אלהם ואלגם לפראקה
    5. [...] נִפסי ב…

    2 Transcriptions

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  25. 75

    LetterT-S 13J8.17

    Letter from the rabbinical court of Fustat to Madmun b. Ḥasan regarding the estate of Ibn Jumayhir. Fustat, 1146.

    II, 70

    1. אנו בית דין חתומי מטה נועדנו במושב אדננו נגיד אל-ים בתוכינו נגידנו שמואל הנגיד
    2. יכון שמו לנצח להשתדל ולשקוד על עסק עזבון מר ורב חלפון בר שמריה…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  26. 76

    Legal documentT-S Misc.24.137.2

    A leaf from the court register, with five different entries, all signed by Yiṣḥaq b. Shemu'el, all explicitly dated between Shevat and Iyyar 1410 Sel. …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  27. 77

    Legal documentYevr.-Arab. I 1700.29

    Legal record (#65). Inheritance settlement. Dated: Middle of Iyyar 1467 Seleucid. "One of a series of documents from 1156 about an inheritance dispute between Abū …

    1 Transcription

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  28. 78

    Legal documentYevr.-Arab. I 1700.19

    Legal record (#46). Discharge of debt. The court ordered Abū l-Rabīʿ Sulaymān al-Kohen to purchase 1/8 of a house for 50 dinars for the unmarried …

    1 Transcription

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  29. 79

    Legal documentYevr.-Arab. I 1700.23v–24r

    Legal record (#60). Deposition in court. Dated: Av 1467 Seleucid. Concerning repairs of a dilapidated wall belonging to two houses. Sitt al-Khāṣṣa and Sitt al-Riḍā, …

    1 Transcription

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  30. 80

    Legal documentYevr.-Arab. I 1700.3

    Legal record (#4). Inheritance settlement. Dated: Thursday, 11 Iyyar 1467 Seleucid. "In one of a series of documents resolving an argument over the inheritance of …

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  31. 81

    Legal documentYevr.-Arab. I 1700.6

    Legal record (#9). Deposition in court. Bū Naṣr al-Kohen Ibn Mukhtār, Yūsuf al-ʿAṭṭār ('the perfumer in the alley of the candles'), Abū l-Riḍā al-ʿAṭṭār Ibn …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  32. 82

    LetterT-S NS J117

    Letter from an unidentifed merchant, in ʿAydhāb. In Judaeo-Arabic. He complains about the tribulations of getting pepper through customs. The qāḍī in Qūṣ apparently issued …

    2 Transcriptions

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  33. 83

    LetterT-S NS J431 + T-S 8J14.22

    India Book 4 (Hebrew description below; English to come)

    2 Transcriptions

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  34. 84

    LetterT-S NS J44

    Letter from Abū Zikrī Kohen, in Aden, probably to Ibn Yijū, in India. Fragment, preserving the margins only. Mentions the customs tax (maks), various items …

    2 Transcriptions

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  35. 85

    LetterT-S NS 327.101

    Business letter in Arabic script, 11th century, to do with the India trade, including pepper and lac. Name of sender and recipient missing. Aodeh: "difficult …

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  36. 86

    Credit instrument or private receiptT-S NS 292.5

    Order of delivery for one raṭl of olive oil (zayt ṭayyib). From Abū Zikrī Kohen to al-Shaykh Khalīl (or Khalaf?).

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  37. 87

    LetterT-S NS J5 + T-S 13J7.13 + T-S K25.252

    Letter from Maḍmūn b. Ḥasan, in Aden, to Avraham Ben Yiju. Dating: 1133–40 CE. This is the original in the hand of Maḍmūn. There is …

    Verso - Hebrew-script address

    1. אלשיך אלאגל מולאי אברהם
    2. בן ישו חרס אללה נעמתה 
    3. עבדה מצמון
    4. בן אלחסן בן בנדאר

    Verso - Arabic-script address

    1. الشيخ الأج…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  38. 88

    LetterAIU VII.E.35

    Letter from Madmun b. Ḥasan to Avraham Ibn Yiju: first pick of merchandise for Bilal b. Jarir. Aden, between 1136-1138 or 1145-1149.

    1. בשמ רח
    2. וצל כתאב חצרה מולאי אלשיך אלאגל אטאל אללה
    3. בקאה ואדאם תאיידה ועלאה ורפעתה
    4. וסנאה ותמכינה וכבת אעדאה פכאן אסר
    5. וארד ואבהג ואפד וקראתה ופהמת מצמונ…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  39. 89

    LetterT-S AS 154.116 + T-S 24.66

    Letter from Madmun b. Ḥasan, in Aden, to Avraham Ben Yiju. Dating: 1133–40 CE. This is the scribe's copy of Maḍmūn's original found in T-S …

    II, 16

    1. ברחמתה ואנתהית אלי מא דכרה
    2. פי כתאבה אלעזיז מן אנפאדה פי
    3. מרכב אלנאכדא ראמשת מן אלפלפל
    4. אתני עשר בהאר באלצגיר וקד וצל
    5. דלך וצאר עבדה אלי קבצה ינח…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  40. 90

    LetterT-S 10J29.3

    Letter, written by a trader before leaving Aden for Nahrawāra, mentioning Abū l-Waḥš, Abū Saʿd, Abū Naṣr, Abū Yaʿqūb and the family of Bayt al-Baḥr …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  41. 91

    LetterT-S 8Ja1.4

    Letter from an unknown writer in Qūṣ to an unknown addressee in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: 12th century. The writer reports that the children and …

    2 Transcriptions

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  42. 92

    List or tableT-S Ar.30.142

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. In the hand of Abū Zikrī Kohen. See Goitein's attached notes for further information.

    2 Transcriptions

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  43. 93

    LetterT-S Ar.30.145

    Letter (memo) from an unnamed India trader, probably in Aden, to Mufaḍḍal Ibn Abī Saʿd, in Qūṣ. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: First third of the 13th …

    Fol. 1r

    1. אללה חסבי
    2. אלדי סירה אלממלוך אלא ענד אלמולא //אלסיד מפצל אבן אבו סעד//
    3. אדאם אללה עזה
    4. צחבה אלשיך יחיה בן אבי אלקאסם
    5. אלסכאוי פי מטיה בן אלנפאך

    (To) M. Mufaddal Ibn Abi Sa'd ("Excellent, son of Fortunate"). God is sufficient for me.

    These items have been sent by your servant to my lord—may Go…

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  44. 94

    Credit instrument or private receiptT-S Ar.30.184

    20 orders of payment issued by Abū Zikrī Kohen. See individual PGPIDs (18979 through 18998). See also Goitein's attached notes.

    2 Transcriptions

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  45. 95

    List or tableT-S Ar.30.219

    Accounts in the hand of Abū Zikrī Kohen. See Goitein's notes for further information andt ranscription.

    2 Transcriptions

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  46. 96

    LetterT-S 24.47

    Letter probably from Ḥalfon b. Netanel, probably in Fustat, to Yehuda ha-Levi. Dating: September 1140 CE. India Book 4 (Hebrew description below; full English to …

    Verso (recto as conserved)

    1. מגדל עוז שם יי וג'
    2. יאמולאי ומאלך נפסי וגאיה אמלי ומנאי אִןִ ..לִלִ.....אה יִגִדהא פי חאלה
    3. ואחואל לא יצלח לה ולא יתפק לִית…

    1 Transcription

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  47. 97

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J30

    Letter. Letter concerning a girl who had been regarded as being a Muslim and when she appeared before the Qāḍī, declared she was Jewish, whereupon …

    2 Transcriptions

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  48. 98

    LetterMoss. VII,192.1

    Letter fragment, preserving only the opening line, seven lines from the top margin and, on verso, the address. The letter is addressed to Abū Zikrī …

    1 Transcription

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  49. 99

    LetterMoss. VII,178.2

    Letter from Bū Naṣr to Abū Zikrī Yehuda ha-Kohen b. Yosef. Fragment: only the upper margin and the address are preserved. Mentions Abū Saʿd b. …

    1 Transcription

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  50. 100

    LetterT-S 8J15.24

    Letter from Mukhtar b. Yaʿaqov to Sa'id b. Naja describing Ḥasan b. Bundar's assistance. Aden, ca. 1100.

    II, 1

    1. כתאבי אטאל אללה בקא מולאי אלשיך אלגליל ואדאם
    2. עזה ונעמאה וכבת אעדאה אעלמה שדה שוקי
    3. אליה וארתיאחי נחוה אסל מן אללה אן ימן באלאגתמאע
    4. עלי אפצל אלא…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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