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  1. 51

    LetterMoss. VII,205

    Enigmatic fragment of a letter in Judaeo-Arabic describing what happened to the writer in front of the addressee's house; how people were appealing for help …

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  2. 52

    LetterT-S 8J18.17

    Recto: Letter of appeal from Mahfūẓ b. Mūsā and his brother Musallam/Muslim. In calligraphic Judaeo-Arabic. The writer describes the humiliation his family (or wife?) has …

    1. ]אן תקדם פצלך וגמילך ואחסאנך אלהי
    2. ]פצל ואעלמה אן וצל אלי כתאב באן .
    3. ]קד גרי עלי אהלי מן אלהואן מן אלסלטאן
    4. מן גהה] אלכראג לאן עלי סנתין תמאן ותסע והד…

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  3. 53

    LetterT-S AS 152.89

    Letter fragment in Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: likely ca. 13th century. Mentioning dirhams, the capitation tax, and names such as Binyamin, Yaʿaqov and Yaḥyā. Also mentions 'Rabbenu'; …

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  4. 54

    LetterT-S AS 16.189

    Letter fragment in Judaeo-Arabic. Mentioning the [Head of?] the Yeshiva, the countryside, and the capitation tax (al-jāliya). (Information from CUDL)

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  5. 55

    LetterT-S AS 177.599

    Informal note from Abū l-Faraj. In Arabic script. He complains about his illness and inability to go out (on account of the jāliya?). He asks …

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  6. 56

    LetterT-S 8.29

    Letter regarding the payment of the capitation tax.

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  7. 57

    LetterT-S 13J16.10

    Letter from a young man named Sibāʿ, in Alexandria, to his mother, in Fustat, but addressed to his brother Abū l-Najm. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Possibly …

    1. בשמ רחמ
    2. כתאבי אליך יא ואלדתי אטאל אללה בקאך ואדאם
    3. עזך ומן חסן אלתופיק לא אכלאך וכבת באלדל חסדתך
    4. ואעדאך גמע אללה ביננא עלי אסר חאל במנה וכרמה
    5. פאנה ול…

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  8. 58

    List or tableT-S K15.94

    List, long, irregularly written, mostly effaced, of males. In many cases sums like 1/3, 1/4 (dinars) 5 qirats added; in other instances, a well-to-do person …

    1. ............................]ה רבע דינר
    2. .....].ים..ל.. חסן בן אברהים
    3. [רב]ע דינר רבעי
    4. ....]ב צדר[י] הבה בן בשר אבו לבוה
    5. [ת]מן ד
    6. ....]..לם אל..[..] [.…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  9. 59

    LetterT-S 8Ja1.2

    Letter of appeal for charity from Abū l-Majd to the physician (ḥakīm) Yeshuʿa ha-Levi. In Judaeo-Arabic. The writer needs help paying 20 silver dirhams (nuqra) …

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  10. 60

    LetterENA 2176.14

    Letter fragment from an unknown writer in Syria to 'Rabbenu' in Bilbays. In Judaeo-Arabic. Mentioning the capitation tax (... al-jawālī) in al-Shām and specifically mentions …

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  11. 61

    LetterENA 3927.1

    Recto: Letter from Barakāt b. Abū l-Faraj al-Dayyān (=Shelomo b. Eliyyahu) to Abū l-Ḥasan. In Arabic script. Pleading for a loan of 20 dirhams against …

    1. مملوكه بن مملوكه صنيعته بركات بن الديان ابو الفرج

    2. يقبل يدي المولى السيد الاجل المنعم المحسن المتفضل الكريم الشيخ

    3. الجليل الفاضل الاصيل الكبير ال…

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  12. 62

    Legal documentENA 2559.12

    Legal document. Location: Fustat. Dated: 17 Adar II 1597 Seleucid = 15 March 1286 CE. The communal officials (khuddām) who collect the capitation taxes in …

    Recto

    1. כאן בתאריך אלסאבע עשר מן שהר [אדר] שני שנת
    2. אלפא וחמש מאיה ותשעין ושבע שנין לשטרות במצר
    3. חצרו אלכאדאם אלדי יגבו אלגואל במצר והם הבה אבן
    4. אבו אלפר…

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  13. 63

    State documentAIU XII.3

    Receipt for the capitation tax of Musāfir b. Yūsuf in New Cairo for the year 502, beginning 'tadhkira bism.' At the top, registration marks related …

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  14. 64

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J87

    Letter sent by the community of Fustat to a place in the Egyptian Rif, asking to help a Palestinian named Daniel, as the local people …

    1. וחית וצל דניאל דנן אלי מחרוסה מצר והו //ועיאלה// כאנו
    2. כאנו אלגמאעה ברוכים יהיו משגולין ענה בגואלי אלעניים
    3. נייף עלי תסעין עני //אלי אלאן// וזנו גואלי…

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  15. 65

    LetterENA NS 68.9

    Letter fragment in Judaeo-Arabic. The addressee is called 'my brother.' The content is not clear; mentions someone fearing death and mentions the capitation tax (jizya).

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  16. 66

    State documentNLI 577.1/59

    Upper left fragment: Official correspondence in Arabic script. The document is probably written for a recent convert to Islam from Samṭā (on the Nile delta). …

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  17. 67

    LetterT-S 12.581

    Letter to Abū ʿImrān in which the writer, a perfumer and judge in Minyat Zifta, describes repairs to the local synagogue along with news of …

    1. ממלוך חצרה מולאי ותאג ראסי וסיידי אלעזיז עליי וענדי
    2. אלתלמיד אלגליל אלפאצל אלעאמל אלעאלם אלשיך בן עמראן שצ
    3. יקבל ידיה אלכרימה ומואטי קדמיה וינהי שוקה …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  18. 68

    List or tableT-S NS 226.8

    Three much damaged columns, containing about 60 names of male persons, all of low professions. The list contains no numbers and was obviously drawn up …

    1. . . . . . . .]ה[
    2. [. . . . . . . .
    3. . . .]שר. .[
    4. . .]ק[.]. . . .[
    5. אבו [
    6. נתן [
    7. אבו [גא]לב בן[
    8. אהרן ושלמה ו[
    9. לוי ואבנה [
    10. מנחם הזקן [
    11. יצחק בן אליה [
    12. ישוע…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  19. 69

    State documentMoss. IXa,2.68

    Tax receipt for the capitation of Ibrāhīm b. Ṣadaqa in Fustat for the year 526 AH. Amount: ½ dīnār (the lowest rate). Jahbadh: Hibat Allāh. …

    Recto, top right

    1. المبلغ نصف
    2. الحمد لله حمد الشاكرين

    Recto, top left

    1. الحمد لله حمد الشاكرين

    Recto, main text

    1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    2. ادى ابراهيم بن…

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  20. 70

    LetterENA 2743.4

    Letter from Farajūn b. Hilāl, in a provincial town, to an unidentified addressee, in Fustat. Dating: 11th or 12th century. The sender may be Abū …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  21. 71

    LetterENA 2738.3

    Petition in Judaeo-Arabic with a Hebrew beginning for financial assistance addressed to Rabbenu Avraham, can be dated by script to around the 13th century (i.e. …

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  22. 72

    LetterENA NS 29.7

    Letter. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Early 13th century, as Eliyyahu the Judge is mentioned. The writer greets the addressee as 'brother' and gives him a report …

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  23. 73

    LetterENA NS 42.8

    Letter of appeal. The writer states, "The illness was enough for me, and then the capitation tax assailed me." The tone is aggrieved; he complains …

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  24. 74

    LetterJRL Gaster heb. ms 1772/10

    Letter from an unknown man, in Damietta, to his mother, probably in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic with the address in Arabic script. Dating: Perhaps 13th–15th century. …

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  25. 75

    LetterAIU VII.A.43

    Letter fragment (bottom half) in Judaeo-Arabic, addressed to an important person (perhaps Avraham Maimonides). Dated: Middle decade of Elul 1541 Seleucid = August 1230 CE. …

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  26. 76

    State documentT-S NS 321.47

    Fatimid-era petition. From Muʿammar [...] al-Tūnisī. In Arabic script. He is in trouble on account of the capitation tax and says he does not have …

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  27. 77

    List or tableENA 2591.18

    List of weekly emoluments, preceded by the collection made for the purpose. Superscription: 'Statement about the revenue from the collection for the weekly payments, jibayat …

    אלשיך הבה אללה אלתקה ב

    אלגמלה קכד ובקיה לא

    אנצרף מן דלך

    ר' אנטולי ח

    ר' יפתח ו

    אלחזן בו סהל ו

    אלחזן בו סחק ד?

    בן ר' דניאל [

    כאדם דמוה

    גאליה בן ברכאת א…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  28. 78

    LetterYevr.-Arab. II 1479

    Letter from Avraham Neḥmad to Moshe b. ʿAbd al-Waliyy. Writer and addressee are Qaraites. Written in Hebrew and Judaeo-Arabic. The letter begins with a recommendation …

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  29. 79

    LetterMS 8254, fol. 12

    Recto: Letter fragment, probably addressed to Moshe Maimonides. In Judaeo-Arabic. Reporting on the arrival of Abū l-Mufaḍḍal and mentioning a letter to Abū l-Fakhr al-Ṣayrafī …

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  30. 80

    LetterNLI 577.6/26

    Letter or letter draft from Muʿammar ha-Kohen ("the teacher of Qalyūb") to ʿAmram ha-Kohen, in Fustat. In Judaeo-Arabic. Recto consists entirely of pleasantries and flattery …

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  31. 81

    LetterMoss. VII,194.1

    Letter of appeal from a blind (maḍrūr) man Moshe who is unable to work and distressed on account of the capitation tax. Rather than asking …

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  32. 82

    Legal documentT-S 13J34.8

    Letter/petition from a cantor apparently addressed to Moshe Maimonides. Mainly in Judaeo-Arabic. The sender asks him for assistance with the payment of the capitation tax, …

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  33. 83

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 66/6

    Family letter from the end of the 12th century to Abu al-Faraj b. Abu al-Barakāt, a doctor in Fustat, from his brother in Alexandria. The …

    Recto

    1. בשמ' רחמ'
    2. חצ'רה מולאי וסידי אטאל אללה בקאה ואדאם עזה ומן חסן
    3. אלתופיק לא אכלאה גמע אללה ביננא עלי אסר חאל במנה וגודה
    4. אן שא אללה אלדי תריד עלמה …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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    • 6 verso
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  34. 84

    LetterT-S AS 145.195 + CUL Or.1081 J14

    Recto and part of verso: Letter from Moshe b. Levi ha-Levi, Qalyub, to his father in Fustat. He is concerned about how they will pay …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  35. 85

    State documentT-S H15.62

    Petition to the Ayyubid sultan al-ʿĀdil regarding the capitation tax. Dating: ca. 596–615 AH, which is 1200–18 CE. The petitioner asks that his tax rate …

    Verso

    1. العادلى المظفري [     ]ـي .[سلطان]

    2. جيوش المسلمين وادام قدرته واعلا ابدا كـ[ـلمته] ...

    3. المملوك يقبل الارض امامه وينهى الى

    4. رافته واحسانه …

    1. ... al-‘Ādil, the victorious [ sultan]

    2. of the armies of the Muslims, (may God) cause his power to endure and exalt his word for ever.

    3. The slave…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  36. 86

    List or tableENA 2591.6

    Collection for the capitation tax - jibayat al-jawali (verso) (for the 6th week of the liturgical year, usually falling in November). As the very small …

    1. גבאיה אלגואלי ש׳ ואלה תלדת יצا
    2. אבי אלפכר לוי עטאר ורק
    3. ולדה אבי אלפצל ורק ⅓ ½
    4. //אולאד אלעודי// ⅓ ½
    5. אבו עמראן לוי עטאר
    6. אבו עמראן כהן עטאר 1/3
    7. אל]מבין …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  37. 87

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J80

    Verso: Letter from a father, unknown location, to his son Baqāʾ, in Fustat. The letter was sent to the shop of Meshullam/Musallam to be held …

    1. בר
    2. אעלם ולדי ואעז אלכלק עלי וענדי אטאל אללה בקאך
    3. ואדאם עזך וסעאדתך וסלאמתך ען חאל סלאמה
    4. ועאפייה ושוק אליך שדיד גמע אללה בינני(!) עלי
    5. אסר חאל ואנעם ב…
    1. The slave

    2. Manṣūr ibn Zakī al-Dawla,

    3. one of the archers under the commander of his

    4. auspicious horse guard.

    5. In the name of God, the merciful …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  38. 88

    LetterT-S AS 181.219

    Petition/letter of appeal for charity, in Arabic script, addressed to the qāḍī ʿImād al-Mulk. The writer mentions his distress (al-shidda wa-l-ḍīqa wa-l-khawf). Later (three lines …

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  39. 89

    LetterENA NS 22.19 + ENA NS 21.13

    Letter from the office of the Nagid Yehoshua Maimonides (d. 1355), regarding evasion of the capitation tax in the community. The previous year they had …

    1. אלתגליק פמא חאגה ללמראסל לאן מא
    2. לכם אלצרב חתי לא תכסרו ואדא . . .
    3. אלחקאיק מא פי אליד. .לה . . . אלחאל
    4. מני ומנכם ומן גירי ותנדמו ולא יבקא
    5. ינפעכם אלנד…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  40. 90

    LetterL-G Ar. I.77

    Letter from the Jewish community of Qafṣa (Gafsa), Tunisia, to Yosef b. Yaʿaqov. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Ca. 1016 CE, as it mentions Manṣūr b. Rashīq's …

    Recto

    1. אטאל אללה בקא שייכנא ורייסנא ואלעזיז עלינא בקאה ואדאם עיזיך(!) ועלוך ותאידך
    2. וציאנתך ורעאייתך ועלוך ולא אכלא מכאנך וכאן לך ומעאך וליין וחאפץ פי…

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  41. 91

    LetterENA 2808.17

    Recto: Letter from Shelomo b. Eliyyahu to his father Eliyyahu the Judge. In Judaeo-Arabic. Recommending the bearer, Dā'ūd of Banhā, who is chronically in arrears …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  42. 92

    LetterBL OR 5545.4

    Letter from Moshe b. ʿOvadya, in Aleppo, to a Nagid, in New Cairo, who receives 20 lines of eloquent Hebrew praises but does not appear …

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  43. 93

    State documentAIU XII.15

    Official account mentioning the transfer of sums to the fisc (bayt al-māl) from the bureau of the capitation tax (bayt al-jawālī): "mablagh al-maḥmūl ilā bayt …

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  44. 94

    LetterENA NS 2.4

    Letter from Abū l-Bahāʾ, in Ashmūm, to his father al-Mashmiaʿ al-Melamed (the crier/herald, the teacher), in Minyat Zifta. In Judaeo-Arabic. The writer reports that his …

    Recto:

    1. בש רח
    2. קד עלם כאלק אלמוגודאת מא עלי קלבי
    3. מן אלשוק ואלוחשה אלי חצרה אלואלד אלעזיז שצ
    4. חפצה אללה תעאלי וכפאני פיה כל מחדור
    5. וסואה אני משתאק אלי אל…

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  45. 95

    LetterENA NS I.99

    Letter from a woman to a certain Yosef written in the hand of Shelomo ha-Melammed b. Eliya. The woman calles herself "his mother" but it …

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  46. 96

    LetterHalper 358

    Letter to Eliyyahu concerning the thirty-dirham balance of the capitation tax (jizya) owed by Abu al-Makarim, who is in great need of it because he …

    1. בשמ רחמ
    2. כאן קד תקדם קולי ללמילי אלשיך אלאגל מר ור אליה שצ
    3. פי מעני אלשיך בי אלמכארם באנה קד בקי עליה מן אלגזיה
    4. ל דרהם והו פי שדה ואל גמעה ירסם עליה א…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  47. 97

    LetterENA NS 31.21

    Letter draft from the wife of a drunkard to "sayyidnā." In Judaeo-Arabic, beautifully written. She reports that her husband took her belongings, demanded from her …

    Recto

    1. Our [lord], may God prolong your life and the life of your children. Your slave is 

    2. in great distress due to the false accusations about me…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  48. 98

    LetterT-S 16.344

    Letter from Abū l-Maḥāsin Yefet b. Shela, probably in Alexandria, to Yosef ha-Kohen "the pride of the traders" (peʾer ha-soḥarim), in Fustat. Dating: mid-12th century; …

    Recto

    1. عبدها محاسن
    2. ב
    3. לכבוד השר היקר הכהן המיוקר כ
    4. גק מר ור יוסף פאר הסוחרים כאן
    5. עבדהא טלע אלי מצר ליסתגמע
    6. בחצרתהא ויהניהא באלסלאמה וכאן
    7. שגל תאני פי ב…

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  49. 99

    List or tableT-S NS J80

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic. Includes expenses for the maks (customs duty?), and the capitation tax (jāliya) in Syria for the years 20 and 21. Names mentioned: …

    No Scholarship Records

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  50. 100

    LetterCUL Or.1081 J61

    Petition in Judaeo-Arabic to help the cantor Thābit Ibn al-Munajjim, who was ill and had been imprisoned for two months for not paying his capitation …

    1 Discussion

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