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  1. 1

    LetterENA 4020.60b

    Letter from Avraham al-Muʿṭī and Yosef b. Ezra to Ḥalfon b. Netanel ha-Levi. Should be included in the addenda to India Book IV. Most of …

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  2. 2

    LetterDK 353

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. The sender is probably Maḥrūz b. Yaʿaqov, an India trader and shipowner (nākhudā) known from documents dating from 1131/32 to c.1150 CE. …

    1 Transcription

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  3. 3

    LetterT-S NS 225.110

    Letter from an unidentified merchant to Abū Saʿīd al-ʿAfṣī. In Judaeo-Arabic. The sender reports on a shipment that he has sent with Jaʿfar: 62 wax …

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  4. 4

    List or tableT-S Ar.35.220

    Accounts in Judaeo-Arabic and Greek/Coptic numerals. Mentions debits and credits of people and entities such as Ismāʿīl, "the Indian," Abū l-ʿAlāʾ, dīwān al-R[...]. Needs examination.

    No Scholarship Records

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  5. 5

    LetterT-S 8J9.14 + T-S NS J136

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic. Yemeni hand, according to Goitein. Wide space between the lines. Dealing with various commodities related to the India trade, including ambergris, ʿūd, …

    3 Transcriptions

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  6. 6

    LetterT-S 12.216

    Letter from Saʿīd b. Marḥab, in Aden, to Shelomo b. Yehuda ha-Kohen, probably in Fustat. Dating: Mid-12th century. In Hebrew (for the long, eloquent introduction) …

    1 Transcription

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  7. 7

    LetterT-S NS 264.1

    Letter fragment from Saʿīd b. Marḥab, in Aden, to Abū l-ʿAlā b. Abū Naṣr ha-Kohen, probably in Fustat. In Hebrew (for the introduction) and Judaeo-Arabic …

    2 Transcriptions

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  8. 8

    Legal documentT-S NS J46

    Court record in the hand of Ḥalfon b. Menashshe. Certifying that Abū l-Faraj al-Jubaylī (Yeshuʿa b. Menashshe ha-Levi) delivered goods from Yemen belonging to a …

    2 Transcriptions

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  9. 9

    LetterT-S 13J18.13

    Letter from Moshe Yijū, in Alexandria, to Abū l-Fakhr Ibn al-Amshāṭī, in Fustat. Dating: ca. June 29, 1155. The writer ("Moshe son of his honor, …

    III, 47a

    1. חמיד אדאב סיידיי אל שיכאן אל גלילאן אל כימאן
    2. אל פצילאן אל נבילאן אל שריפאן האחים הייקרים (!)
    3. כבוד מרנו ורבינו עלי וכבוד מרנו ורבנ' [[תפאר]]…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  10. 10

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 66/61

    Letter from Yosef ha-Kohen b. Meshullam, in Aden, to Avraham Ibn Yiju, in inland Yemen, written around 1150-51.

    III, 32

    1. תרום ידך על צריך וכל אויביך יכריתו
    2. והיה שדי בצריך וכסף תועפות לך
    3. וצל כתאב מולאי וסיידי אטאל אללה פי
    4. אלכיר בקאה ומן גמיע אלכיראת לא
    5. אכלאה וגע…

    Recto

    1. Your servant {lit., ‘the property of his hands’} took notice
    2. of your inquiry, my lord, about the
    3. news of the roads and the re…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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    • 61 recto
    • 61 verso
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  11. 11

    LetterT-S 8J20.19

    Letter from Yosef b. Avraham to Abū Zikrī Kohen. In Judaeo-Arabic, with the address in both Judaeo-Arabic and Arabic script. Apart from the address, only …

    1 Transcription

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  12. 12

    LetterT-S 13J20.23

    Letter from a certain Shelomo to Abū Zikrī Kohen. In Judaeo-Arabic. Containing blessings for the Gaon Maṣliaḥ and the India trader Abū l-Barakāt Ibn al-Lebdī. …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  13. 13

    LetterT-S NS J298

    Letter sent from an unidentified man, in Alexandria, to his brother, in Shayzar (Syria). In Judaeo-Arabic. The sender has recently returned from a long visit …

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  14. 14

    Credit instrument or private receiptT-S Ar.54.19

    Fol. 20r: Order of payment in the hand of Abū Zikrī Kohen: Sulaymān is to give the bearer, the cantor Abū Saʿīd, 15 (ounces?) of …

    2 Transcriptions

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  15. 15

    LetterBodl. MS heb. b 3/26

    Letter from Alexandria to a merchant in Fustat. Around 1065. The letter contains a list of different goods’ prices. Mentions collecting debt in Adan, and …

    2 Transcriptions

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    • 26 recto
    • 26 verso
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  16. 16

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J38

    Letter from Perahya Yiju to his brother Shemuel. Written probably in al-Mahalla around the seventies or eighties of the twelfth century. Perhaya copies questions on …

    III, 55

    1. אכי אלעזיז עלי אטאל אללה בקאה ואבקא לה בנו יחידו אלשיך אבי עמראן ושא//ה//דה
    2. תורתו וחופתו אלדי אעלם בה אלחצרה אלסאמיה אנני קד כתבת לך כתאב גמ…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  17. 17

    LetterBL OR 5535.2

    Letter from Avraham b. Mu'ti Tilimsani, having arrived safely in Aydhab, to Abu Sa'd b. Azhar, in Fustat. He provides an update on a matter …

    2 Transcriptions

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  18. 18

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J171

    Letter from Yosef b. Avraham b. Bundār to Abū Zikrī Yehuda ha-Kohen b. Yosef. Written in Judaeo-Arabic. The first few lines of the letter, the …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  19. 19

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J182

    Letter from the scribe of the yeshiva to Yosef b. Avraham b. Bundar. Cairo, ca. 1128-39.

    II, 45

    1. מחנה השלום ומענה יהלום ומבנה
    2. הבא עוד [[י]]הלום מקנה ישע כולן ויחלום
    3. והזמן המתאנה במתג ורסן עדיו לבלום
    4. עם שאר מנעמי הברכות ישא שרינו
    5. כליל היופ…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  20. 20

    Legal documentCUL Or.1080 J32

    Legal query to Avraham Maimonides regarding a man who takes a 200 dinar loan and appoints his parents as guarantors, providing them with a house …

    2 Transcriptions

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  21. 21

    LetterENA 1822a.43

    Letter from Madmun b. Ḥasan to Avraham Ibn Yiju: mutual assistance. Aden, ca. 1136.

    II, 30

    1. [... ]ן עדד כל צרה כ קטעה
    2. ואיצא קטעתין רצאץ וצרה צפר קצב
    3. אל וזן כמסין רטל וצחבתה איצא צרה פיהא
    4. ארבעין מתקאלא מצרייה וסבעין דינאר
    5. מלכיה קדם וצ…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  22. 22

    List or tableENA 1822a.72

    List written by Abu Zikri Kohen, metioning names and amount of money, probably debts or payments. On verso a list in Arabic script.

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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  23. 23

    LetterENA 1822A.75

    Letter from Yeshua ha-Kohen b. Yaʿaqov in Dhu Jibla, Yemen, to Avraham Ibn Yiju, then in Aden, 1150.

    III, 31

    1. וסרנ[י עלם סלאמתה וצלאח]
    2. חאלתה וסאלת אללה סבחא[נה אלמזיד]
    3. לחצרתה מן כל כיר ו[שכרתה]
    4. וחמדתה עלי סלאמתה וסלאמ[ה]
    5. אלעיאל חפצהם אללה ורעאהם וגעל…

    Recto

    1. [. . . Reading your letter] brought me joy, [because of the news of your well-being and the success] 
    2. of your affairs. I asked God—may He be p…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  24. 24

    List or tableENA 3030.8

    Small piece of an account written by Abū Zikrī Kohen. (Information from Goitein’s index card)

    2 Transcriptions

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  25. 25

    LetterBodl. MS heb. d 66/139

    Letter from Perahya b. Yosef in Mazara, Sicily, to Avraham b. Eliyyahu in al-Mahdiyya, inquiring about Perahya's uncle, Avraham Ibn Yiju and letter No. 68 …

    III, 30: Recto

    1. אלי סיידי וגלילי אדאם אללה סלאמתה וגדד כראמתה וכבת באל דל
    2. חסדתה ואיידה תאייד לא יחיד ען אל סביל אל רשיד לא זאלת נעם
    3. אללה תתואתר עליה …

    Recto

    1. I was obliged to write to you, my lord, these few, short
    2. lines, for I heard that you had arrived in your homeland. Therefore, I wish …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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    • 139 verso
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  26. 26

    Legal documentENA 4011.16

    ENA 4011.16b (lower fragment): A cheque of Abū Zikrī Kohen. Abū l-Khayr Khiyār is to pay the bearer Dār Rayḥān (the wife of Rayḥān?) 2 …

    1 Transcription

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  27. 27

    LetterENA NS 48.8

    Letter from Khalaf b. Yiṣḥaq about turmoil in Yemen and measures taken by Abu Zikri Kohen for ensuring Khalaf’s rights after the death of Abu …

    1 Translation

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  28. 28

    LetterENA NS 48.22

    Letter fragment in Judaeo-Arabic. "1200 Malikī dinars. . . I was distressed by (the state of) those poor children. . . " These were Yemeni …

    1 Transcription

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  29. 29

    LetterENA NS 4.13

    Letter from Perahya Yiju, in Egypt, to the Nagid complaining about Avraham Ibn Yiju, probably around 1156.

    1. אעלם סיידנא צאנה אלל[ה … אן כאן לי]
    2. עם פי אלהנד יסמא אברהם בר [פרחיה בן יגו ... וגא]
    3. אלי מצר ווצלת אליה כתב מן אל[ימן …]
    4. והו יקול לה פיהא קד וצלת אל…

    Verso

    1. I inform our lord—may God protect you!—[. . . that I have]
    2. an uncle [who had been] in India, named Abraham b. [Peraḥyā Ben Yijū, . . . who cam…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  30. 30

    Unknown typeHalper 405

    Awaiting description

    1 Transcription

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  31. 31

    LetterMoss. IV,7

    Letter on the forced conversion of Yemenite Jews, but business as usual. Aden, August 1199.

    II, 66

    1. דינ[...]
    2. דיננא
    3. עדן וסאעה וצולה אגצ[ב ...]
    4. וקאל לה תסלם או תקתל אכת[ר אליהוד]
    5. ובכא בכא שדיד ולם יגד וגה ללת[כלץ]
    6. סוי אנה אסלם וכאן קבל וצולה א…

    1 Transcription

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  32. 32

    Legal documentENA 2727.15c

    Recto: Quittance given to the carriers of goods sent from Yemen by a husband, Abū Yaʿqūb [...] b. Efrayim to his wife (or rather seems …

    2 Transcriptions

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  33. 33

    Unknown typeL-G Ar. I.54–63

    Awaiting description

    1 Transcription

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  34. 34

    LetterMoss. Ia,26.2

    Letter of apology for a complaint that Madmun had mismanaged a trust. Aden, ca. 1135.

    II, 35

    1. ...
    2. יראם [...]
    3. [י]שאו רבותינו פארי קהלתינו רוב [ברכה ושלום מעושה]
    4. במרומיו שלום ומעולים ויורדים ב[סולם ... בית] אל
    5. ומן התורה הקדושה אשר היא תו…

    1 Transcription

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  35. 35

    LetterMoss. IV,61.4

    Letter from Abū Zikrī Kohen to Sulaymān. In Judaeo-Arabic. Less a letter—there are no opening or closing pleasantries—and more an order of various items with …

    2 Transcriptions

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  36. 36

    LetterMoss. II,190

    Letter from Natan b. Nahray, from Alexandria, to Musa b. Abi al-Hayy, Fustat. Around the spring of 1080. Musa is traveling and asks the writer …

    recto

    1. כתאבי אטאל אללה בקא מולאי אלשיך אלגליל ואדאם תאידה וסלאמתה

    2. וסעאדתה ונעמתה [ען] שוק אליה קרב אללה אלאגתמאע [בה] עלי אפצל

    3. חאל בעד וצול כתאב…

    2 Transcriptions

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  37. 37

    LetterHalper 384

    Business letter relating to the India trade. In Judaeo-Arabic. The names of the sender and addressee are not preserved. Goitein initially thought the handwriting was …

    1 Transcription

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  38. 38

    LetterENA NS 48.2

    Note from Maḍmūn b. Ḥasan, written by one of his clerks, to Avraham Ibn Yiju during the first half of the twelfth century. The letter …

    1. אלספר ביומין [...]
    2. גריב עלי ידה וע[לי ...]
    3. לצאחב דהלך פיה לשיך [...]
    4. בלאל בן גריר עלי אלרגל אל[די באע]
    5. אלדרכי אשתראה מנה לנפס[ה]
    6. וליס יקדר אחד יטלב …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  39. 39

    Legal documentT-S 13J8.9

    Testimony of Abū Zikrī Yehuda ha-Kohen b. Yehosef ha-Kohen releasing Abū Isḥāq Avraham b. Yaʿaqov ha-Zaken in the hand of Natan b. Shemuʾel ha-Kohen, signed …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  40. 40

    LetterT-S NS 324.114

    Letter from Yosef b. Avraham to Avraham b. Yiju. The whereabouts of Yosef and Ibn Yiju are unclear. Goitein thought that Ibn Yiju was in …

    III, 8

    1. כתאבי אלי חצרה אלשיך אלאגל מולאי
    2. אטאל אללה בקאה ואדאם עזה וכבת צדה
    3. אנה צדר אליה צחבה מקאתל פי פאל
    4. גחלה מאלח צרך וגחלה לים מכבוס
    5. [[.]] ובאללה …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  41. 41

    LetterT-S NS 323.2

    Letter from Ḥalfon b. Madmun to Saadya b. Avraham, an Egyptian teacher. Aden, 1154.

    II, 63

    1. ושלום יוסיפו
    2. לך
    3. לך יובלון שלומות מעורבות בנעימות
    4. בברכות מתאמות אגודות אגודות ואלומות
    5. אלומות בגיל והנח רשומות בחדוה תאוה
    6. וענוה ורוממות בחיים א…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  42. 42

    LetterENA NS 48.3

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic to Abu Zikri ha-Kohen, reperesentative of the merchants in Fustat, ca. 1135

    1 Transcription

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  43. 43

    LetterT-S Misc.25.103

    Letter from Khalaf b. Yiṣḥaq in Aden to Avraham Ibn Yijū in Jurbattan (Srikandapuram), dated Elul 1458 Sel. (August 1147). Written in Khalaf's characteristic hyperpolite …

    Recto

    1. בשמֹ רחֹ
    2. בלכתך לא יצר צעדיך ואם תרוץ לא תכשל
    3. והיה שדי בצריך וכסף תועפות לך
    4. כי יו יהיה בכסליך ושמר רגלך מלכד
    5. וצלת כתב חצרה אלשיך אלאגל מולאי אט…

    Recto

    1. In Your name, O Merciful.

    2. You will walk, without breaking stride; when you run, you will not stumble.

    3. And Shaddai be your treasure, and p…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  44. 44

    Legal documentCUL Add.3414.1–2

    India Book I, 10–11: Court proceedings from Fustat dealing with the dispute between Yosef ha-Lebdi the India trader, and Yequtiʾel b. Moshe, 'the representative of …

    I, 10 Recto:

    1. בתרין בשבה דהוא תרי עשר יומי בירח תמוז
    2. דשנת אלפא וארבע מאה ותשע שנין למניינא
    3. דרגיליננא ביה בפסטאט מצרים דעל נילוס
    4. נהרא מותבה כן הוה אסת…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  45. 45

    LetterENA 2739.17

    Letter in Judaeo-Arabic from a father to his sons, from India Book VII, 60 (unpublished). Note that Goitein calls this manuscript ENA 2739.16 in Letters …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  46. 46

    LetterENA 1822a.8

    Letter, India book VII66 (unpublished). Letter from South Arabia to Egypt giving order on a large gift to Maimonides. On verso an Arabic account of …

    Recto

    1. ] . . . ונפדתה צחבה אבו
    2. סעד וקד דפע אבו סעד אלגוזה ואלענבר אלי אל
    3. שיך מצמון פבאללה עליך לא תשגל אמה קלבהא
    4. חית לם יצל מנה כתאב וחק אלתורה מא הו…

    3 Transcriptions 2 Discussions

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  47. 47

    LetterCUL Or.1080 J91

    Business letter addressed to Abū Zikrī Yehuda b. Yosef ha-Kohen Sijilmāsī. In Judaeo-Arabic. Mentions Barakāt Ibn al-Lebdī; Hārūn b. Rajā; Efrayim b. Ismāʿīl. (Goitein's attached …

    2 Transcriptions

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  48. 48

    List or tableT-S Ar.54.20.1–2

    Two bifolios from a ledger of accounts. In Judaeo-Arabic. Dating: Probably 11th or 12th century. The hand may be known.

    No Scholarship Records

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  49. 49

    List or tableT-S K15.98

    Estate of Nissim b. Yaʿqūb, a merchant who died in Suakin (present-day Sudan) on Monday, 7 Shaʿbān 503 AH (approximately 1110 CE). The handwriting appears …

    2 Transcriptions

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  50. 50

    LetterENA 2558.2

    Recto: Letter likely sent from Aden to Fustat. (The locations are not specified in the document; this is Goitein's assessment.) In Judaeo-Arabic, written in a …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Discussion

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