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  1. 1

    State documentT-S Ar.30.273

    Fatimid petition to al-Āmir bi-Aḥkām Allāh from a Jewish merchant, Mūsā b. Ṣadaqa, who was detained unlawfully after his return from India and Yemen with …

    Recto

    1. العبد المملوك

    2. موسى بن صدقة التاجر اليهودي

    3. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    4. صلوات الله وبركاته ونوامى زكواته وافضل سلامه وتحياته على مولانا

    5. وسيد…

    Recto

    1. The servant and slave

    2. Mūsā ibn Ṣadaqa, the Jewish merchant.

    3. In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate.

    4. The benedictions of God…

    4 Transcriptions 2 Translations

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  2. 2

    State documentBL OR 5566B.19

    Petition from al-Ḥasan b. Abū Saʿd probably to a vizier (several of the titles are similar to those of Ṭalāʾiʿ Ibn Ruzzīk). He complains of …

    1. المملوك

    2. الحسن بن ابو سعد

    3. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    4. خلد الله تعالى ايام المجلس السامي السيدي الاجلي الناصري

    5. الـعادلي ناصر الائمة كاشف الغ…

    1. The slave
    2. al-Ḥasan b. Abū Saʿd  
    3. In the name of God, the merciful, the compassionate
    4. May God, may he be exalted, prolong the days of the lofty, lord…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  3. 3

    State documentT-S Ar.40.153

    Tax farming lease from the administration of al-Mustanṣir, dated 477 kharājiyya (1087–88 CE). Mūsā b. ʿĪsā takes upon himself a payment of 8 dinars in …

    Recto

    1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    2. ضمن لمولانا وسيدنا الامام المستنصر بالله امير المومنين صلوات الله عليه وعلى ابائه الطاهرين وابنائه الائمة

    3. الاكرمين…

    Recto

    1. In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate.  
    2. Mūsā ibn ʿĪsā pledged to our master and lord, the 'imām al-Mustanṣir billah,  commander …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  4. 4

    State documentCUL Or.1080 J7

    Petition to the caliph al-Mustansir concerning the schism of 1038–42 between Shelomo b. Yehuda, the gaʾon of Palestine, and a pretender to the gaonate, Natan …

    Verso, upside-down relative to Hebrew text

    1. بِسْم الله الرحمن الرحيم العبيد ينهوا الى الموقف الشريف  زاد الله شرف حالهم وذلك ان لما

    2. جرى على ريسهم …

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  5. 5

    State documentT-S Ar.38.95

    Fiscal or para-fiscal document (i.e., prepared by state officials or by the Jewish community for the government). List of indigent people equally divided between natives …

    1. אלעדימין מן אהל מצר ואלקאהרה אלדי לא
    2. יקדרו עלי שי ויגב תאכרהם לאול אלסנה
    3. מאיה וכמסין ואלדי יגתהל חאלהם
    4. אן לא יוכד מנהם אכתר מן דינארי[ן
    5. מקסטה
    6. מאיה ו…

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  6. 6

    State documentENA 4020.65

    Petition from Shelomo b. Yehuda to the caliph al-Ẓāhir (matn only) defending his position against Yūsuf al-Sijilmasi, the Iraqi leader in Palestine. Dating: original document …

    1. ואלדי קצד אלדאעי בכניסתין וריאסתין ן
    2. אלסגל מאסי לאנהו אדא גאז אן תכון ריאסתין גאז אן תכון
    3. תלאתה ואכתר מן /דלך/ וודא דלך אלא מא לא (נ)האיה לה מן אלפת…

    Recto

    1. And as far as the argument in favor of the two synagogues and the two authorities is concerned, (it has already been refuted by) Ibn

    2. Sijilm…

    4 Transcriptions

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  7. 7

    State documentBodl. MS heb. b 18/21 + T-S Ar.30.278

    Eight rough drafts of a petition to the Fatimid Caliph al-Mustanṣir from the followers of Shelomo b. Yehuda, probably the end of 1041 (according to …

    1. קד כאנו אלעביד אסתגארו אללה
    2. סבחאנה ובאלחצרה אלטאהרה
    3. פי אן תתצדק עליהם באלתצרף פי
    4. אדיאנהם חסב [[אכתיארהם]] מא
    5. יתסע להם ואן לא ימכן בעצהם
    6. א [2]
    7. قد كان…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 3 Discussions

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    • 21 recto
    • 21 verso
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  8. 8

    State documentT-S NS 300.71

    Petition, Fatimid, in Arabic script. Three and a half lines are preserved. The petitioner is one of the traders entering (or importing goods into?) Egypt …

    Verso

    1. انه من جملة التجار الموردين الى الديار المصرية خلد الله[
    2. وهو من اهل الستر والسلامة لازم للطرائق الحميدة[
    3. الا جزا وهو [يجدد] تقبيل الارض ويسئل …
    1. He is among the merchants that come to Egypt, may god perpetuate [
    2. and he is a genuine person, following a virtuous path [
    3. except reward. He [renews…

    1 Transcription 2 Discussions

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  9. 9

    State documentT-S Ar.39.464

    Petition from Mubārak b. Ibrahīm Ibn Sabra to Muʿtamid al-Dawla, who seems to be a Fatimid dignitary. The sender asks for (or heavily implies that …

    Recto

    1.     عبدها مبارك بن ابرهيم بن 
    2.                    سبرا 
    3.      بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم 
    4. عبد حضرة مولاي الشيخ الاجل الكافي معتمد الدولة اطا[ل الله]…

    Recto

    1. His slave Mubārak b. Ibrāhīm b.
    2. Sabrā
    3. In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate.
    4. The slave of the presence of my master, the most glo…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  10. 10

    State documentT-S 20.80

    Fatimid decree. The decree is from the period of al-Hafiz (1131–49) and mentions the congregational mosques of al-Ḥākim (in Cairo) and al-Ḥāfiẓ (it is not …

    1. في المسجدين الجامعين الحافظي والحاكمي 

    2. فيضورك من تاخر جائهم فقد خرج

    3. الامر الى الديوان بذكر ما عنده في ذلك

    4. فاعلم هذا امر أمير المومنين ورسمه

    1. In the two congregational mosques, the mosque of al-Ḥāfiẓ and the mosque of al-Ḥākim.

    2. You will suffer if their arrival is delayed. For the order …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  11. 11

    State documentT-S Ar.18(2).193 + T-S Ar.30.306 + T-S Ar.30.314

    State document in Arabic script, an internal memorandum or report containing multiple hands. Containing (on the last fragment) the signature of the vizier Ḥusayn b. …

    T-S Ar.18(2).193 + T-S 30.306

    1. لـ[مو]لانا صلوات الله عليه وعلى ابائه الطاهرين الرأى العالي في خروج 

    2. [التوقـ]ـيع المعظم فيما راه الحضرة من مسرقة هذ…

    1. … if God wills.

    2. My sufficiency is God. How excellent a keeper is he!

    3. The slave of our lord and master the 'imām al-Mustanṣir bi-Allāh, commande…

    3 Transcriptions 3 Translations 3 Discussions

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  12. 12

    State documentT-S 13J20.5

    Petition, draft, addressed to al-Malik al-ʿĀdil (aka the vizier Ibn al-Salār), in the handwriting of Natan b. Shelomo ha-Kohen, asking that he release the estate …

    Recto

    1. ינהון אן ואלדהם סק[ט באלופאה ]

    2. צגאר ואן מתולי אלמע[ונה ]

    3. ואלדהם וואלדתהם ולמ יבקי אלמאל [ ]

    4. בה וכלף להם דוירה יסתקרון פיהא [ ]

    5. מן אלמ…

    Recto

    1. They report that their father has died [leaving three] .

    2. small [children] and that the head of the police [ ]

    3. their father and their mot…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  13. 13

    State documentT-S AS 184.198

    State document, in Arabic script. Fragment of a petition addressed to al-Ḥāfiẓ ʿAbd al-Majīḍ (1132–49). Apart from the opening formula and the blessings on the …

    1. [بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم]
    2. [صلوات ا]لله وبركاته و[نوامي زكواته وافضل تحياته وسلامه
    3. [على سيدنا ومـ]ـولانا الامـ[ـام                         امير المؤمن…

    1 Transcription 2 Discussions

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  14. 14

    State documentT-S 13J7.29

    Decree (copy in Hebrew script) from the Fatimid caliph al-Ẓāhir to a governor of Palestine (probably Anushtekin al-Dizbirī) informing him of another decree that had …

    1. על שמך
    2. ערצת בחצרת אמיר אלמומנין רקעה מתרגמה
    3. בגמאעת אליהוד אלרבאנין יסאלון פיהא
    4. חמלהם עלי מקתצא אלסגל אלמכרם
    5. אלמכתתב להם באן ימכן אחבארהם
    6. מן אקאמה פר…

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  15. 15

    State documentT-S AS 102.90

    Petition to a Fatimid caliph, end only, with long lower margin enabling it to be reused as a biofolio transverse to the original text.

    Recto

    1. عليـ]ـهم ما شمل كله المعظم (؟) في هذه الايام

    2. الزاهرة القاهرة عدلا واحسانا ورهبة ور حمة

    3. ولمولانا صلوات الله عليه رايها العالي في ذلك

    4. ان …

    1 Transcription 2 Discussions

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  16. 16

    State documentENA NS 13.15

    Verso (original use): Petition in Arabic script in a chancery hand. Fragment from the middle of the document. Refers to the well-known Jewish leader [Daniel …

    1. ] صنعت به عليهم على [دانيال بن
    2. عزريا الداودي في[ ]ته عليهم [
    3. وبسائر اعمال الدولة النبوية وتممت النعمة عـ[ـليهم
    4. بمنشور معظم مقر بدوام نعمة اثباته في …

    1. which was made against them on [Daniel b.

    2. Azarya al-Dāwūdī in [ ] on them [

    3. and through all the enclosures of the Prophetic dynasty and bene…

    2 Transcriptions

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  17. 17

    State documentT-S AS 184.156

    State document, Fatimid period. Petition or report to a vizier (beginning only), possibly under al-ʿAḍid (see line 4, where the blessing uses the verb ʿaḍada; …

    1. مولانا وسيد[نا
    2. وابنائه الاكرمين [
    3. المجلس السامي السـيد[ي
    4. الكاملي الهادي عضد [الله به الدين وامتع بطول بقاءه امير المؤمنين]

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  18. 18

    State documentT-S 16.114 + T-S 24.57 + T-S AS 11.383 + T-S AS 146.195

    Fatimid state report. Dating: beginning of the 12th century, during the reign of al-Afḍal. Describes a battle against the Crusaders. This fragment reports on the …

    Verso

    1. من طهارة ضمائرها ونقاء سرائر[ها           ]
    2. وصيالها على حراسة الاسلام والم[سلمي]ن [           ]
    3. الحوزة والدين وانتصابها وبذلها الاموال والذخائ…
    1. ... of the purity of his heart and the nobility (literally: cleanness) of his disposition [  ]

    2. and his impetuonsness for the defence of Islam and…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  19. 19

    State documentHalper 354

    Testimony in Arabic script probably meant to accompany an investiture petition from the gaʾon Shelomo b. Yehuda to the newly appointed caliph al-Mustanṣir billāh, listing …

    Recto

    1. [ بعد ما التمسوا]جميعا وفرادا
    2. [ ان يشهدوا هذه الشهاده قال كل]منهم من كتب شهادته بخطه
    3. [ فى اخر هذا الكتاب ان ا]لذى عرفوه وعقلوه ويشهدوا
    4. [ به فى…
    1. (Having been requested,) we, all together and each separately, 

    2. (to deliver this testimony,) namely all those writing their witness and signing 

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  20. 20

    State documentT-S Ar.34.197

    Petition, draft, from an ex-government servant asking for work, from the period of the Fatimid caliph al-Ḥākim (996–1021) or possibly earlier. Recto, from later reuse: …

    Verso

    1.   عـ[ـبدها ]

    2. [بسم الله ا]لرحمن الرحيم

    3. [عبدها ومملوكها ينهـ]ـي الى جلالها حرس الله عزها وضاعف سعدتها

    4. [وكبت حسادها وضعفها] وينهي انه من ج…

    3 Transcriptions 1 Translation

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  21. 21

    State documentT-S AS 177.123

    Recto and verso are two distinct petitions, in different hands. Unclear if/how they are related. Recto: Petition for charity apparently from someone under arrest (muʿtaqal), …

    Recto

    1. يقبل الارض        وينهـ[ـي

    2. عناية وعد من مملوكه فلوجه الله

    3. كلامه واذا حضر بين يديه وطلب من عـ[

    4. واذا كان المملوك معتقل وسير[

    5. برا ووقع و…

    Recto

    1. Kisses the ground and repo[rts
    2. charity that was promised to the slave. I swear upon God
    3. his words. When he arrived in his presence and sought …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  22. 22

    State documentT-S NS 320.45

    Petition submitted to the Fatimid caliph al-Mustanṣir upon his accession in 1036 CE. Requesting that he confirm the appointment of Yosef ha-Kohen, a judge of …

    TS NS Box 320, f. 45 verso, ed. M. Gil, Palestine, vol. 2, pp. 575-576, (Doc #315) A Petition to the Muslim Government to recognize the appointment o…

    1. …for Joseph the Aaronite...) 

    2. may God have mercy upon him.And Joseph did not cease to administer the affa(irs of the Alexandrian community until …

    2 Transcriptions 1 Translation 2 Discussions

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  23. 23

    State documentT-S NS 305.23

    Petition, or maybe its draft, to the Fatimid Caliph al-ʾĀmir bi Aḥkām Allah. Verso is also some form of state document in a chancery hand, …

    Verso

    1. بسـ]ـم الله الرحمن [الرحيم]
    2. صلوات الله وبركاته ونوامي زكواته [وافضل تحياته على سيدنا ومولانا

    3. [الامام] الامر باحكام الله امير المؤمنين وعلـ[…

    1. In the name] of God the merciful [and compassionate]
    2. The blessings of God, his benedictions and increased benefactions [and best greetings be upon o…

    1 Transcription

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  24. 24

    State documentBL OR 5566B.25

    Recto: State report. 4 lines preserved. Mentions "Bū Kalījār the king of Ahwāz," probably identical with the Buyid Amir Abū Kālījār Marzubān in Persia (d. …

    1. وزير ورد من عند بو كليجار ملك الاهواز

    2. وانه وصل الى واسط وخرج اليه ثلثة نفر

    3. من وجوه الا[تراك؟] وانه ساقهم ما لا 

    4. يرضيهم فقابلوه بالمكروه واراد…

    1. … a Wazīr who arrived from Bū Kalījār, the king of Ahwāz.

    2. He reached Wāsiṭ and three men went out to him

    3. from the notables of (the Turks?), but…

    1 Transcription

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  25. 25

    State documentENA 2385.20 + ENA 2385.21

    Two fragments of a Fatimid order/decree to a lower official. Mentions the caliph's estates (probably mentions its overseer). Repurposed as two folios for Hebrew liturgical …

    ENA 2385.20

    1. التوجه الى الاعـمال الخيرية وحضور مجلس خدمة الا[مير

    2. النجيب سيف الملك ليث الدولة وشجاعها ذي العزم 

    ENA 2385.21

    1. صنيعة امير المومنين…

    1. turning to charitable works (or: the districts of [...]?) and presenting to the majlis al-khidma of the

    2. noble a[mīr] Sayf al-Mulk, the sword of t…

    1 Transcription

    • verso
    • recto
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  26. 26

    State documentENA 2747.16

    Field-guide to taxation. Parts of two paragraphs. Written in a large, calligraphic hand. Collesis joint, suggesting it was once a longer rotulus, but also holes …

    Recto

    1. [... الوقـ]ـت الذي جرى الرسم باستفتاح الخراج فيه قدم استخراج  
    2. …[نجـ]ـم من نجوم هذه السنة وما لعلّه يتاخر من مال الابواب في وقته وجمـ[ـيع الـ …

    Recto

    1. [ …(if ... at the tim]e when the levying comes at the beginning of the kharāj (cycle, i.e., the fiscal year), the collection is moved forward …

    1 Transcription 1 Translation

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  27. 27

    State documentMoss. IV,21.3

    Recto: Petition draft in Judaeo-Arabic. Abū ʿAlī b. Abū l-[ʿIzz al-Yahūdī] kisses the ground before al-maqām al-ʿālī al-sulṭānī al-malikī al-sayfī al-ʿādilī, and reports that he …

    Recto

    1. אלממלוך אבו עלי אבן אבי אלעז
    2. יקבל אלארץ באלמקאם אלעאלי אלסלטאני
    3. אלמלכי אלסיפי אלעאדלי כלד אללה מלכה
    4. וינהי אנה רגל פקיר לא יקדר עלי אלקיאם
    5. בגאל…
    1. The slave Abū ʿAlī b. Abī l-ʿIzz
    2. Kisses the ground in the elated, mighty,
    3. powerful, brave, and just presence [of al-ʿĀdil] may God perpetuate his re…

    1 Transcription

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  28. 28

    State documentT-S 13J8.16

    Verso (original use): State document in Arabic script. Portions of the ends of 8 lines are preserved. Mentions a large number of horses. Needs further …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  29. 29

    State documentT-S NS 327.131

    Verso (original use): Petition in Arabic script. From three merchants. Opens with blessings for the caliph. None of the substance is preserved. The formula "ضاعف …

    Verso

    1. المماليك علي بن مسلم ومعمر بن
    2. ابراهيم ومبارك بن ابراهيم
    3. التجار
    4. [بسم الله الرحمن]الرحيم
    5. صلوات الله وبركاته وافضـ]ـل تحياته وسلامه على سيدنا ومو…
    1. The slaves ʿAlī b. Muslim, Muʿammar b.
    2. Ibrāhīm, and Mubāra b. Ibrāhīm
    3. the merchants
    4. [In the name of God the merciful] and compassionate
    5. [the benedic…

    1 Transcription

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  30. 30

    State documentT-S Ar.39.452–53

    State document. Dating: Beginning of 12th century CE. Appointment of a Christian dignitary by the government and confirmation that the ordinances of previous caliphs are …

    1. ... the noble, prophetic (dynasty), may (God) extend its life, over 

    2. all the Christians dwelling in his dominion and living 

    3. [in ] the province…

    1 Transcription 1 Translation 1 Discussion

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  31. 31

    State documentT-S NS 146.58

    Remnants from an Arabic official document. Official letter(s) or petition(s) to the caliph al-Mustanṣir. There is a version both on recto and verso. None of …

    Recto

    1. عبد سيدنا ومولانا الامام المستنصر بالله امير المؤمنين
    2. صلوات الله عليه وعلى ابائه الطاهرين وابنائه الاكرمين

    Verso

    1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    2. صلوا…

    Recto

    1. The slave of our master and leader, the imām al-Mustanṣir Billah, commander of the faithful
    2. Blessings of God be upon him and upon his pure an…

    1 Transcription

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  32. 32

    State documentT-S Ar.41.49

    Petition from a group of people to a chief vizier (Sayyid al-Wuzarāʾ) titled "al-Kāmilī." In Arabic script. Fragment (upper half only). The petitioners complain that …

    1 Transcription 1 Discussion

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  33. 33

    State documentT-S Ar.34.65

    Petition, bottom left fragment, in Arabic script. Not a lot of content is preserved but the petitioner owes a debt and the ghuramāʾ are pressing …

    Recto

    1. ]وحمل الغرما الى[
    2. ]...على المملوك واحسانا[
    3. انهى ذلك والراي الاعلى [في ذلك ان شا الله]
    4. الحمد]لله وحده وصلواته على سيدنا
    5. [محمد نبيه واله وسلم تس…

    1. ] and the debtors took him to [

    2.].. On the slave and kindness [

    3. ]he reports that and the lofty resolution [regarding this if God wills]

    4. ]

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  34. 34

    State documentT-S Ar.42.194

    Petition to addressed to a noble woman, probably the Fatimid empress Sitt al-Mulk given the honorifics. In Arabic script. Written in two columns. The petitioner …

    Recto

    1. مملوك مولاتنا خلد الله ملكها

    2. الخلف(؟)

    3. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    4. عبد مولاتنا السيدة الشـ[ـريفة]

    5. الملكة حرس الله ملكها وحرس عزها

    6. وادام م…

    1. The slave of our mistress, may God make her reign eternal

    2. (al-Khalaf?)

    3. In the name of God, the compassionate, the merciful.

    4. The slave of our …

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  35. 35

    State documentENA 3901.5

    State petition regarding a Maghribī Jewish trader caught drinking with a Muslim woman and imprisoned. Cuts off right before the request: there arrived from the …

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  36. 36

    State documentENA NS 2.33

    Verso: Draft (probably) of a petition. In Arabic script. "The slave... wishes to maintain the traditions... we wish to maintain our traditions and the traditions …

    1. بسـ[ـم الله الرحمن الرحيم]
    2. العبد المملـ[ـوك
    3. ونشتهي ان نبقى عل رسمنا[
    4. ونشتهي ان نبقى على رسمنا وعلى رسم ابونا
    5. قبلنا وهـ[ ] ونحن في مكان وهو كنيستنا
    1. In the name [of God the merciful and compassionate]
    2. The slave [
    3. and wishes to maintain the traditions
    4. and wishes to maintain our traditions and the …

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  37. 37

    State documentT-S NS 325.34

    Petition or report addressed to a vizier (...al-Afḍalī al-Juyūshī...). Fragment from the top (the beginnings of 7 lines are preserved). Reused for piyyuṭ on recto. …

    Verso

    1. بسم الله [الرحمن الرحيم
    2. خـ[ـلد الله تعالى ملك مولانا الوزير الاجلي]
    3. الافضلي الجيوشي السيـ[ـدي كافل قضاة المسلمين]
    4. والهادي لدعاة المؤمـ]ـنين
    5. ام…
    1. In the name of God [the merciful and compassionate]
    2. May God per[petuate the the reign of my master the illustrious wazīr]
    3. The most righteous, comman…

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  38. 38

    State documentT-S NS 306.159

    Fragment of a petition in Arabic script. Difficult hand. Portions of 5 lines are preserved. It could be a draft or was later reused for …

    Recto

    1. [بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم]

    2. [المملوك يقبل] الارض امام المقام الطاهر النبوي ضاعف الله 

    3. [واعلى]ابدا مناره    ويسل الانعام عليه والاحسان اليه

    1. ]In the name of God the merciful and compassionate]
    2. ]The slave kisses] the ground in the pure Prophetic presence, may God multiply
    3. ]and elevate] its…

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  39. 39

    State documentMoss. IV,249

    Petition in Arabic script. The sender bemoans his poverty (ṣaʿlaka) and expresses his trouble with paying a tax, probably his capitation tax. He is a …

    Recto

    1. ]في يومه(؟) رضوان مع نزول[

    2. ]المملوك يهتدي مسالك الطرق وقد علت حياته 

    3. وضعفت قدرته وبقي المملوك من ارباب الصدقة وعنده

    4.  عائلة واطفال وليس …

    Recto

    1. ]In his days (?) happiness in residing [
    2. ]The slave finds guidance in the paths of life but his life has become difficult.
    3. His abilities have …

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  40. 40

    State documentT-S Ar.42.171

    State fiscal and administrative text from the Ayyubid period. Dated: 4 Rabīʿ II 595 AH, which is 1199 CE. Written in the form of a …

    Recto

    1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم والحمد لله حمد الشاكرين

    2. لما ورد امر المولا الطواشي الاسفه سلار الكبير بها الدين قراقوش المنصوري 

    3. الافضلی بخط کریم …

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  41. 41

    State documentT-S Ar.35.368

    Draft of a petition or note, in Arabic script, asking for charity on account of the sender's poverty. At lower left the name(s) of the …

    Recto

    1. يقبل الارض وينهي ان المملوك رجل صعلوك
    2. وله عائلة وما هو عادة يرميه ولوجه الله تعالى
    3. النظر في حاله لوجه الله تعالى
    4. المملوك
    5. ابراهيم ابن محسن(؟)
    6. و…
    1. Kisses the ground and reports that the slave is a pauper
    2. and he has a family, and this [his state of poverty] is not usual, for the sake of God the …

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  42. 42

    State documentENA NS 83.262

    Tax receipt, probably Fatimid. Written on the verso of a torn petition or formal letter in Arabic script which reads as "ʿabd Mawlānā wa-Sayyidunā", then …

    Verso

    1. عبد مولانا وسيـ[ـدنا الامام الحاكم بامر الله امير المؤمنين]
    2. صلوات الله عليـ[ـه وعلى ابائه الطاهرين وابنائه الاكرمين]
    3. [المملوك ينهي]
    1. The slave of our master and leader [the imām al-Ḥākim bi-amr Allah commander of the faithful]
    2. God’s blessings be upon him [and on his pure ancestors…

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  43. 43

    State documentT-S 20.72

    Verso (original use): Official correspondence in Arabic script. Fragment (beginning). The sender is probably Ibrāhīm b. Muḥammad. He begins (instead of the usual honorifics and …

    Recto

    1. عبدها ابرهيم بن محمد

    2. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    3. عذري واضح في تاخري عن حضرو مولاي الشيخ الاجل اطال الله بقاه

    4. وادام تمكينه ونعمته وسموه وكبت …

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  44. 44

    State documentUU 940

    Beginning of a petition to the Fatimid caliph al-Ḥākim.

    1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    2. سلام الله وبركاته وافضل تحياته ونوامي زكواته على الامام
    3. الحاكم بامر الله امير المومنين على ابايه الطاهرين وسلم تسليما
    4. عبد امي…
    1. In the name of God, the merciful and compassionate
    2. The blessings of God, and his benedictions and best greetings and increased benefactions be upon …

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  45. 45

    State documentT-S AS 181.9

    Bifolio (subsequently folded into thirds) of an eclectic selection of incomplete state-related documents. Perhaps the writing exercises or drafting of a chancery scribe. There is …

    Verso (Petition)

    1. ويسئل في الانعام عليه والا[حسان اليه]

    2. وخروج التوقيع العالي زاده الله نفا[دا]

    3. وعلوا باطلاق لهم عن ذلك

    4. وللمجلس السامي ادام الل…

    Recto

    1. Praise be to God] alone, and his blessings be upon our master Muḥammad and his progeny, and peace
    2. God is sufficient for his slave and it is up…

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  46. 46

    State documentENA NS 12.15

    Beginning of a petition addressed to the Fatimid caliph al-Ẓāhir. Beginning lines only. On verso, there is literary text in Hebrew. For the formula "al-ḥaḍra …

    Recto

    1. بسـ[ـم الله الرحمن الرحيم]
    2. صلوات الله[وبركاته ونوامي زكواته وسلامه على سيدنا ومولانا الامام]
    3. الظاهر لاعزاز دين الـ[ـله امير المؤمنين وعلى ابائ…

    Recto

    1. In the name [of God the merciful and compassionate]
    2. Blessings of God [and his benedictions and increased benefactions and greetings be upon ou…

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  47. 47

    State documentENA 3951.3

    Petition. In Arabic script. From Yaḥyā al-Tājir. The nature of the request is not clear, nor is it clear how much is missing from the …

    1. المملوك
    2. يحيى التاجر
    3. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    4. يقبل الارض       ويسل الانعام عليه
    5. والاحسان اليه بالفسح عنه بالخط الكريم زاده 
    6. الله شرفا ونفاذا بالخدمة (…

    Recto

    1. The slave
    2. Yaḥya, the merchant
    3. In the name of God the merciful and compassionate
    4. Kisses the ground and asks that benefactions be extended to hi…

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  48. 48

    State documentENA NS 71.8

    Petition to a higher official from a military general or army veteran based on "ṣibyān al-khāṣṣ". The petitioner says he comes from the class of …

    1. كـ]ـان من احد المماليك صبيان الخاص وهو المخلص سيف الـ[ـدولة
    2. ـ]ـك واعبائهم مشهور بالنهضة والشجاعة والفروسية مستحق[

    3. ]في امره [  ] احضر تحته فرس ملك…

    Recto

    1. He is among the army knights of the illustrious Sayf al-Dawla
    2. ] they are known for their zeal in service, bravery and horsemanship capable of …

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  49. 49

    State documentENA 3947.3

    Fragment of a petition in Arabic script. Asking for "the lofty rescript" (التوقيع العالي زاده الله شرفا وعلوا) apparently concerning a certain Abū Saʿd, "sitting …

    Verso

    1. التوقيع العالي زاده الله شرفا وعلوا الى الشيخ ابو سعد
    2. باسشفاف حاله وتمكينه من الجلوس في بعض الحوانيت
    3. لتحيي هو وعائلته رحمة عليهم واحسانا اليهم…

    Recto

    1. Abū Saʿd, the elder, to investigate in his affair [
    2. the stores, so that he and his family can live, [by extending] mercy upon them and kindnes…

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  50. 50

    State documentT-S Ar.42.173

    Recto (secondary use): Petition draft in Arabic script. The sender thanks the addressee for employing him in government service (khidma). Mentions "al-dawāwīn al-maʿmūra." The variants …

    Recto

    1. المملوك يقبل الارض وينهي انه كان انعم عليه بالخدمة في [
    2. طـ[                              ]....للديوان المعمور
    3. من الجاري[                      …

    Recto

    1. The slave kisses the ground and reports that he [the addressee] showed kindness to him by appointing him in [
    2. [                       ]in the …

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